Summer is coming, so it’s time to talk about sunglasses, and not only about them. Today I want to tell you about the role played by the shape of the face in the selection of this important accessory.
It is curious, but it’s a fact that due to incorrectly chosen glasses, you might suddenly be called not on the street by the word “girl!”, But by the less flattering – “woman!”. We are all women, of course, but it is much more pleasant to hear the first appeal, which is to be hidden.
The shape of the face is generally a very important criterion when choosing many of the main components of the female image: glasses, headgear, hairstyle, makeup. Proper definition of the shape of the face helps to harmoniously shape your style in accordance with the natural features of the exterior.
How to determine the shape of the face?
As you remember, with the definition of the types of the figure, we have many questions, because we are all different, unique, and more often we represent a mixed type.
The shape of the face is the same story. But we still need certain benchmarks in order to make a start. If, as we know, the hourglass is considered to be the ideal type of figure, then the oval is considered to be the perfectly proportional shape of the face. Indeed, for this form of face, the easiest way is to choose a hairstyle, glasses and hats — a great choice. But this does not mean that other forms of the face can not look beautiful and harmonious.
First, let’s talk a little about proportions and the ideal, because this is exactly what we will strive for in framing ourselves (hairstyle, hats, glasses, makeup, jewelry). As with clothing, we strive to bring any type of figure closer to the classical type X, so with the help of accessories and hairstyles we will strive to bring the shape of the face closer to the oval.
So, the oval is taken as the standard of the face with ideal proportions, as it is distinguished by especially smooth outlines and balanced parts.
Conditionally divide the face into 3 parts. The first part is the BC segment in the figure (from the hairline to the eyebrow line), the second part is the CE segment (from the eyebrow line to the base of the nose), and the third part is the EF segment (from the base of the nose to the chin). A person with perfect proportions is distinguished by almost equal values of all three segments. And if you draw an imaginary horizontal line through the middle of the pupils, then ideally this line will divide the face into two equal parts (segments AD, DF).
On a perfectly proportional face, the segment OR (width of the base of the nose) is approximately equal to the segment KL (distance between the inner corners of the eyes).
All this information is taken into account by makeup artists when choosing makeup. When adjusting the shape of the eyebrows, they also take as a rule the ideal position of the eyebrow relative to the nose (in ideal proportions the eyebrow originates above the OK point, that is, if you draw a straight line from the corner of the base of the nose up through the inner corner of the eye). The “perfect eyebrow” ends at the OP point (this point is formed if you draw a straight line from the angle of the base of the nose through the outer corner of the eye).
Although knowledge of the proportions of the face is important for us and with the correct application of makeup, and for the correction of eyebrows, let’s return to the shape of the face.
So how can you determine the shape of your face?
There are several ways. The first way is visual.
To do this, completely remove the hair back (you can pull them into a tail or wrap a towel over your head), stand in front of a mirror, remove glasses (if you wear them), abstract yourself from your facial features, look as though through them, paying attention only to the shape the very person. And now, getting up as close to the mirror as possible, close one eye and, starting from the top, try to trace the outline of your face reflection in the mirror, lipstick or a cotton swab as much as possible, dipping it in a wet soap.
Now you need to step back a couple of steps and see what happened. Check what you see in the mirror with a small profile:
Is the height of your face equal to the width, or is the height greater than the width? – According to the results of the picture on the mirror, do you have a wide chin and a narrow forehead, or vice versa, a narrow chin and a wide forehead? – Look at the lines you’ve drawn: is the line all the way soft, or in some places (above or closer to the chin) does it become straight?
According to the results of the answers and the resulting contour, see which form your face is closest to.
The second method is exact mathematical calculations. Difficult for the humanities, but nevertheless, this method also applies.
It is necessary to make 4 measurements, as in this photo, record the results and analyze them.
If distance 2 is 55–90% of distance 4, then most likely the shape of the face is a rhombus, oval, heart, triangle (V) or trapezium.
If distance 2 is approximately equal to distance 4, then the shape of the face is a square or a circle.
If distance 2 is 50% or less of distance 4, then the shape of the face is elongated or rectangle.
If the distances 1, 2, 3 are approximately equal, then most likely the shape of the face is square, rectangle, or elongated.
If distance 2 is greater than distances 1 and 3, then the shape of the face is a rhombus, circle, or oval. And if distance 1 is greater than distance 2 or equal to distances 2 and 3, then the shape of the face is a heart or a triangle (V).
If distance 3 is greater than distances 1 and 2, then the shape of the face is a trapezium.
What are the face shapes?
Allocate the main forms: oval, circle, square, triangle. And derivatives: rhombus (diamond / diamond), heart (pentagon), oblong / elongated shape (derived from the oval). Also, facial shapes are conventionally divided into two groups – rounded (soft) and angular (sharp).
Let’s take a closer look at different face shapes.
Oval (soft, rounded face with no straight lines)
The length of the oval is slightly larger than the width. The width of the forehead is slightly larger than the width of the jaw; the chin is slightly rounded, the widest part of the face is the cheekbones. The oval shape of the face resembles an inverted chicken egg.
Most frames are suitable for oval shape. The main task when choosing a frame is to preserve the harmonious proportions of the face.
It is better if the width of the rim is equal to the widest part of the face or slightly wider, and the upper line of the rim of the glasses coincides with the eyebrow line. If you have soft features, try to pick a rim smooth shape, rounded, without sharp corners. If the facial features are sharper, then strict, concise frames fit more.
In order not to disturb the ideal proportions of the oval-shaped face, avoid too massive and too small frames.
For an oval-shaped face fit: – Glasses, butterflies; – Rectangular, oval, round frames; – "Aviators"; – "Feline" rim.
Not suitable for oval face shape: – Too massive rims; – Too wide rims – ideally, the width of the rim is equal to (or slightly wider) the widest part of the face, and the upper rim line coincides with the eyebrow line.
Circle (soft, rounded face with no straight lines)
The length and width of the round face are almost the same, the chin is rounded, the hairline has rounded, smooth contours. The cheekbones are the widest part of the face.
When choosing glasses for a round face, one should pay attention to the frames, which visually lengthen the face and make it closest to the oval shape.
Avoid glasses in a round frame, give preference to a frame with straight lines, sharp and sharp corners (square, rectangle, triangle).
Visually balances the proportions of your face that frame, whose width prevails over height. The frame of dark color visually narrows the face, and this is exactly what we need.
Look at the frame, in which the upper corners rise to the temples up.
For a round face shape fit: – Glasses of square shape, frame with straight lines; – "Feline" rim; – Glasses, butterflies, glasses, elongated to the sides; – Frames with narrow lintel; – Glasses with thin arms; – Bright rims or frames with decor; – Glasses with high arms; – Trapeze glasses; – Frames with an emphasis on the top line of points; – Points equal to the width of the face, or a little wider.
Not suitable for a round face shape: – Round glasses; – Narrow rims; – Wide jumper; – Low located points of points.
Heart (soft, rounded face, not having straight lines)
The heart-shaped face has soft lines, the face gradually narrows from the forehead to the chin, the cheekbones are usually prominent. The length of the heart-shaped face is greater than its width, the chin is the narrowest part of the face, and the forehead is the widest part (or the same width with the cheekbones).
For a heart-shaped face fit: – Rounded rims, round glasses; – Small rims; – Narrow jumper; – Low set bows; – Focus on the bottom line of points; – Rimless glasses; – "Aviators"; – Glasses of light neutral tones.
Not suitable for the heart-shaped face: – Heavy, large rims; – "Feline" rim; – Glasses, butterflies, glasses, drops; – Wide jumper; – Focus on the side of the glasses; – Square glasses; – Sharp points; – Bright colors of frames; – Eyeglasses covering eyebrows.
A little confusion often occurs when talking about the shapes of the faces “Inverted Triangle” and “Heart”, because it is customary to call the heart a triangle for convenience. But between these two forms of face there is a significant difference.
The heart-shaped face is a derivative of the triangular shape. The heart is a softened triangle shape, with a softer and rounded line of the cheekbones and forehead. The “heart” has protruding cheekbones, a refined chin, and the forehead is often wide (wider than the “Inverted Triangle”).
For comparison: here is the shape of the face "Heart":
And this is a face shape Inverted Triangle:
The "Triangle" has a powerful, rough chin and a forehead tapering to the hairline.
When choosing a frame “Heart”, one should pay attention to not visually increasing the upper part of the face, and “Triangle”, on the contrary, the lower one.
Recommendations for the “Inverted Triangle”:
Choose a frame so as not to focus on a massive chin. To do this, choose glasses with a wider upper part (cat, geometric, "Aviators"). Also fit half-rimmed glasses, where the lower rim is missing or transparent. You can choose a frame in which the line of the eyebrows is underlined in a dark or bright color.
Some classification systems distinguish pear-shaped (trapezoidal) face shape. In this form of the face, the jaw area is much wider than the forehead. The chin is massive, the length of the face is slightly larger than the width.
This shape of the face is quite rare, so occasionally you can see photos of celebrities with this type of face in other classifications, in particular under the type “Inverted Triangle”. Often this happens because the choice of frames for both types of face should be guided by the rule: "We divert attention from the heavy lower part of the face."
For trapezoidal / pear-shaped face suitable: – Wide rims; – The upper part of the glasses is larger than the lower; – Rimless glasses; – Colored frames; – "Feline" rim.
Not suitable for trapezoidal / pear-shaped face: – Narrow, small rims; – Square or rectangular frames (they give the face sharpness and coarseness).
Square (sharp face shape, face length and width are almost the same)
For a square face, a wide cheekbone and an angular, wide chin are characteristic. The cheekbones, forehead and jaw are the same width, the jaw line is square. As a rule, the hairline is almost straight.
When choosing glasses, you should avoid square-shaped frames, as well as miniature models of frames.
The proportions of a square face can be visually balanced using rounded frames (round, oval). They soften angularity, give softness to the face. Looks good model "Aviators".
For a square face shape fit: – Big glasses; – Round, oval, teardrop-shaped frames; – "Feline" rim; – Butterfly glasses; – "Aviators"; – Glasses with decorations / patterns on the upper edge, on the sides and on the arms; – Rimless glasses; – Glasses with color frame; – The width of the rim must be equal to the width of the face.
Not suitable for square face shapes: – Rims are square, with clear geometric shapes; – Glasses are small, narrow, miniature; – The frame of the glasses is wider than the face.
Rectangle (sharp face shape, face length longer than its width)
The rectangular face has an angular and wide chin; cheekbones, jaw and forehead of equal width. Just like a square shape, a rectangular face has straight and sharp borders. Usually the hairline is straight.
For a rectangular shape of the face fit: – "Aviators"; – Round rims; – Large rims.
Not suitable for rectangular faces: – Small rims; – Narrow rims.
Extended shape (elongated, oblong)
The length of the face is much greater than the width; angular lines, chin slightly rounded. High forehead; cheekbones, forehead and jaw of the same width.
The task of choosing a frame is to visually reduce the face and smooth out, soften the corners.
For an elongated shape, the faces will fit: – Large, wide rims; – "Aviators"; – Square rims; – Oval, round, rectangular frames; – Colored, bright rim.
Not suitable for oblong face shapes: – Glasses without rim; – Small rims; – Narrow rims.
The length of the face is slightly larger than the width. Chin pointed. The widest part of the face is the high cheekbones. The outline of the forehead and chin of conical shape. The narrowest parts are the forehead and lower jaw. Hairline is often uneven.
The task is to visually narrow the cheekbones and widen the forehead to bring the shape of the face closer to the oval ideal.
For the diamond shape of the face will fit: – Square and oval frames; – The frame is the same width as the cheekbones (no wider!); – "Aviators"; – Soft forms, smooth lines of frames: round; – Frames slightly extended downwards; – The bottom of the rimless glasses.
For the diamond shape of the face does not fit: – Frames with sharp corners; – Frames wider cheekbones; – Tiny, narrow rims.