The author of the article: Alexandra Burguta, obstetrician-gynecologist, higher medical education with a degree in General Medicine.
From this article you will learn: the pressure of 150 to 100, what are the reasons, and what to do in this case. Complications, characteristic symptoms, treatment of this hypertension and prognosis.
Normal blood pressure (abbreviated AD) in a healthy person is considered to be 120 by 80, where 120 is the maximum blood pressure in the arteries at the time of release from the heart (systole), and 80 is the minimum pressure at the time when the heart muscle relaxes ( diastole).
Therefore, in most cases, the indicator of blood pressure 150 per 100 (110) is not the norm and can serve as a sign of stage 1 hypertension (arterial hypertension). A single, accidentally recorded pressure surge to such indicators cannot be considered the onset of the disease, it can be triggered by taking overly salty foods, an excessive dose of alcohol, drugs or other reasons.
The diagnosis is established under the condition that such figures were recorded several times over a short time, for example, 2 to 3 times within two weeks, and were accompanied by symptoms characteristic of hypertension: dizziness, poor health, weakness, and very rarely – crushing headaches.
When the tester reads 150 by 100 (110), there is no need for immediate hospitalization, but pressure can be reduced only on the advice of a doctor. Applying to a specialist is necessary, since the initial stage of hypertension tends to progress rapidly and leads to serious complications (with impaired speech, motor function, brain activity, loss of vision).
Increased blood pressure may indicate different stages of hypertension. You can find out which stage corresponds to which pressure indicators from the table above.
Treatment at the initial stages consists in minimal medical correction of blood pressure, detection and elimination of reversible risk factors, associated diseases. Appointments and monitoring of the patient is carried out by a general practitioner, narrow specialists are engaged in the treatment of associated diseases (for example, in the presence of diabetes, the endocrinologist produces the correction).
Causes of the disease
In 90% of cases, the true cause of the disease remains unknown. The causes of the development of high blood pressure up to 150 per 100 (110) are often pathological states or factors that are difficult or impossible to eliminate:
- Kidney diseases (glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis) and narrowing of the renal arteries (stenosis).
- Coarctation of the aorta (congenital narrowing of the aorta).
- Tumors of the adrenal glands producing hormones.
- Hyperfunction of the thyroid gland (thyrotoxicosis).
- Drug intoxication (hormonal contraceptives, antidepressants, cocaine).
In addition to the reasons that can trigger the development of the disease, risk factors (reversible and irreversible) are also highlighted. It is they who, in most cases, “launch” the mechanism for the development of the initial stages of hypertension.