If a person has large pigmented spots on the body massively and for no reason, you should not ignore such a manifestation, it is worth urgently to visit a doctor to rule out the development of cancer. There are different types of pigment spots. Which of them are potentially dangerous, in which cases they develop into a cancer, and what treatment is indicated in the case when the doctor advises to get rid of pigmentation?
There are pigment spots on the body for various reasons. One of these causes are hormonal changes, when a large number of pigment spots form on the face and body. Pigmentation can also occur against the background of chronic diseases of the reproductive organs that disrupt the normal functioning of the body. Disruption of the thyroid gland provoke increased skin pigmentation. Other factors, due to which pigment spots appeared on the body, can be called:
- the abuse of sunburn, due to which an increased amount of melanin pigment is produced in the body;
- stressful situations, nervous strain;
- abuse of bad habits;
- disruption of the digestive tract;
- the use of substandard cosmetics.
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The most common types
Freckles or ephels
Such pigment spots on the face are most often formed as a result of exposure to ultraviolet rays. In the spring and in the warm season, when the sun is especially bright, freckles appear as actively as possible. There are 2 types of epheles: simple ones and those that appeared as a result of fire. Simple pigment spots are small in size and round in shape, they are not very dark and do not carry danger. The pigment spots that are formed as a result of sunburn are large, irregular in shape and darker in color. In the cold season freckles turn pale, but do not pass completely.
Lentigo can develop in both young and old people. Back to table of contents
Pigmentation is not dangerous, but people with this pathology should avoid direct exposure to sunlight.
There are 3 types of lentigo:
Vitiligo – lightened pigmentation on the human body, which was formed as a result of dysfunction of melanocytes. The disease most often occurs in adolescents, up to 20 years. Causes of such:
- genetic predisposition;
- diseases of the internal organs;
- hormonal imbalance;
- diseases of the nervous system;
- helminthic invasions;
- reduction of protective functions of the body.
First, on the skin appear lighted spots, which over time increase in size, merging with each other. Pigmentation can be multiple or single character, occurs on the face, lower and upper limbs, neck, under the arms. If the spot appears on the hairy part of the body, it also becomes discolored, as is the skin.
Birthmarks and birthmarks
A birthmark, or the medical term nevus, is a benign neoplasm, which, when adverse factors come together, can degenerate into a malignant tumor. The color of moles and birthmarks varies from light red to black and brown. All these variations are permissible, but only in the case when the nevus is in a stable condition, it does not hurt and does not bother. But if the birthmark and the mole began to bother, bleed, or itch, this is an alarming signal that requires an immediate response.
During the life of a person, moles and birthmarks can disappear completely, but there are those that remain for life. In this case, it is worth protecting such a place from direct sunlight and mechanical damage, since there is a risk of nevus degenerating into an aggressive form of skin cancer – melanoma.
Chloasma – pigment spots that have a brown, brown or red color, the formation does not appear above the surface of the skin, has clear boundaries. Common places of localization of spots – hips, abdomen, face. Located on the body with multiple spots on the body:
- in women with hormonal imbalance;
- in chronic diseases of the reproductive organs;
- with cirrhotic lesions and hepatitis of the liver.
There are such varieties of chloasma:
What is the dangerous appearance of age spots on the body?
The sudden, massive appearance of pigment spots on the body in humans may indicate that the body has failed in the work of the internal organs or develops skin cancer. If there are many moles, they have an intense, dark color, itch, cause discomfort, it is extremely dangerous, as it may indicate the development of cancer.
Pigmentation therapy may include sparing procedures with masks and hardware measures. Back to table of contents
How to remove the pathology?
Before removing the pigment spots from the skin, you should consult with the oncodermatologist, who will assess the degree of danger of education, and tell you which treatment method is most effective and safe. In no case should not remove suspicious pigment spots in beauty salons, without prior consultation with the doctor. Consider the most affordable and effective treatments.
Pigment spots can be cured by laser removal, during which impulsive light energy is directed to the affected area, which destroys the pigment. The procedure is painless, has no contraindications, so it can be used for children, but only after prior consultation with a doctor. After removal, the wound heals quickly, scars and scars do not remain, the procedure is often advised to apply in the case when the pigmentation must be removed from the skin of the face.
If the pigment neoplasm is not dangerous and is located in the upper layers of the dermis, the doctor will advise you to use salon, cosmetic procedures. Among the effective and common is deep peeling. The procedure is performed using specific acids that affect the pigment, gradually removing it from the upper layers of the skin. Deep peeling is not traumatic, except that it will help get rid of pigmentation, will be able to get rid of small facial wrinkles, and refresh the skin color.
Creams and ointments
You can try to remove age spots from the upper layers of the dermis with creams and ointments. But if the pigmentation is extensive, before applying such tools, you should consult with your doctor. The fact is that lightening agents contain heavy and harmful for the body ingredients (bismuth, mercury, arbutin), which cause an allergic skin reaction and other dangerous complications.
Treatment of folk remedies
With light pigmentation, when the spots are barely noticeable and do not bring discomfort, you can try to bleach the affected areas with folk remedies. One effective remedy is lemon juice, which daily, in the morning and in the evening, wipe pigmented skin. Thanks to such procedures, it turns out to lighten the skin and refresh its color.
Another way is a cucumber-kefir mask for the face, which should be applied to cleansed skin at least 2-3 times a week. To prepare the mask, take 1 fresh cucumber, chop, add 1 tbsp. l kefir, apply on cleansed skin. During the period of getting rid of pigment spots, it is worth limiting your stay in direct sunlight, then the effect of therapy will be as positive as possible.
To prevent excessive formation of age spots on the skin, it is necessary to observe simple preventive measures. Since the main reason for the formation of age spots on the skin – the abuse of sunbathing. It is necessary to limit this habit, and before going outside in the summer, lubricate the skin with a protective cream that repels ultraviolet rays. If the pigmentation appears suddenly, looks suspicious or brings discomfort, you shouldn’t try to get rid of the problem yourself with the help of publicized drugs. In this case, it will only turn out to aggravate the situation and provoke a complication, which is then much harder to treat. When new pigment spots appear, it is better to seek advice from a dermatologist, who will help determine the nature of education and select the appropriate therapy.