A cyst in the nose is a pathological neoplasm, which may differ in the nature of the contents, size and wall thickness. This can be influenced by several factors: the causes of the underlying disease, the duration of the pathological process, as well as the type of tissue in which the tumor lies. Why does this happen, what are the provoking factors, clinical manifestations, and what methods to properly treat the pathological process? Are cysts in the nose dangerous?
In general, with some physical problems a person can live and not even guess about their presence, a cyst in the nose is no exception. Most often, the problem is detected by chance during a prophylactic examination. Timely diagnosis helps prevent dangerous consequences.
What is a cyst in the nose
On the mucous membrane, a tumor develops in one of the paranasal sinuses. It has the appearance of a ball filled with liquid. According to experts, ten to fifteen percent of the world’s population suffers from this ailment.
A cyst in the sinus has two main varieties, namely:
- The main retention, the walls of which are represented by the mucous membrane. It is considered to be that this species is the result of blockage of micro-ducts of the mucous glands.
- Pseudocyst. Tissues line the neoplasm. A common cause of a false cyst is an inflammatory process on the part of the upper row of teeth.
Depending on the content, cysts of the paranasal sinuses are:
Cysts can be localized in various places of the nasal cavity: the maxillary, sphenoid sinus or the ethmoid labyrinth. What is the cause of the disease?
A cyst in the sinus can develop for a variety of reasons:
- sinusitis, in particular, antritis and sinusitis;
- curvature of the nasal septum;
- teeth inflammation that spreads to the roots;
- features of the anatomical structure of the nasal cavity.
How is the disease manifested
As already mentioned, the tumor does not affect the general condition of the person and his ability to work, so he may not even notice the symptoms, and treatment will be absent.
Nevertheless, with a careful approach, you can notice the characteristic features:
- instability of nasal breathing. Nasal congestion, which may first be periodic, and then acquire a permanent one. The congestion may correspond to the site of injury;
- feeling of bursting around the eyes and cheeks;
- mucus secreted from the nose, and also flows down the back of the pharynx;
- headaches that become permanent. Pain may occur in the form of attacks. The site of localization is most often the temporal and occipital regions;
- discharge of yellowish fluid from the nose when a cyst ruptures;
- inflammation of the paranasal sinuses in the form of frontal sinusitis, sphenoiditis, or sinusitis;
- discomfort in the forehead and maxillary sinus.
The combination of these signs or the identification of some characteristic sign is not a basis for self-diagnosis. In its manifestations of a cyst can be very similar to other diseases. A specialist has the right to make a diagnosis, who has data about your condition and knowledge for carrying out differential analysis, especially when it comes to a child.
Not always the above symptoms indicate the presence of tumors. Be that as it may, for making an accurate diagnosis of one clinical picture is not enough, the doctor must prescribe an additional diagnosis. Needless to say, if even after an X-ray examination it is impossible to say for sure about the presence of education. An otolaryngologist performs a rhinoscopy.
The most informative and accurate diagnostic methods in this situation are CT and MRI. They help not only to establish the presence of a cyst, but also to say about its size, as well as its location. In order to confirm the diagnosis, a biopsy may be necessary.
What complications may arise
The consequences of a cyst may be as follows:
- chronic sinusitis;
- oxygen starvation of the whole body as a result of chronic nasal congestion. At the very beginning, a headache, a decrease in concentration and attention, apathy and fast fatigability can appear, and further with the progression of the pathological process, serious disturbances of the cardiovascular system can occur;
- obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. This means that during sleep a person may stop breathing for a while. This is reflected in day work, in the afternoon such people are drowsy and attention and concentration may decrease.
To reduce the risk of cyst in the sinus can be as follows:
- timely treatment of diseases of the gums and teeth;
- timely struggle with violations of the nasal cavity, this may include the curvature of the nasal septum, rhinitis, sinusitis;
- allergy treatment;
- when the first disturbing symptoms appear, contact the specialized institution for specialist consultation and diagnostic testing.
How to deal with a cyst of the nose
A cyst of the right or left maxillary sinus can be removed in the following ways:
- Classic surgery. The operation is performed under local or general anesthesia. The essence of surgical intervention is that the doctor makes an incision under the upper lip. The front of the paranasal sinus is opened and the neoplasm is removed. But still such an operation has many drawbacks, it is quite traumatic. The rehabilitation period is long, and the opened front wall of the sinus is not fully restored. It is worth noting that the hole that the doctor makes is not overgrown with bone tissue as it was before, but is covered with scars. As a result, the normal functioning of the mucous membrane in the paranasal sinus is disrupted, because of which recurrences of sinusitis, rhinitis may occur after the operation.
- Laser removal. This is a modern technique, different painless and high efficiency. But it also has its drawbacks and the main negative point is related to the inability to access the lower segment. To put it simply, it is necessary to open the paranasal sinus with the classical method and only then apply a laser to the cyst. That is why this method is not the most optimal for the new formation of the nose.
- Endoscopic technique. Data removal method can be called the most optimal. The main difference is that access to the tumor is through natural holes. The specialist can monitor the whole process through the monitor. Endoscopic removal is not traumatic, scars do not remain after it, and the rehabilitation period is quite short. After the procedure, the paranasal sinuses after some time begin to function.
Traditional medicine against cyst in the nose
To be treated with the help of traditional medicine is not worth it if the reason is an allergic reaction of the body. Herbs have a high biological activity and can even lead to a worsening of the situation.
Folk treatment should be under the supervision of a physician. Consider safe and effective means:
- forest cyclamen. You need tuber juice. The product must be diluted with water so that four parts of water flow into one part of the juice of the tuber. Two drops of the finished product are instilled into the nasal passage for one week. This is best done in the morning;
- glycerin and mummy. Both ingredients should be mixed with water. The finished product is instilled into the nose, three drops twice a day;
- Golden mustache. The sap of the plant is instilled three drops twice a day;
- potato inhalations. You can boil the potatoes in your uniform, drop a few drops of rosemary on it and inhale the pair with the nose;
- swallowing nose. This is an unusual, but effective method of eliminating cysts. In a glass of water must be diluted baking soda and salt. The finished solution needs to be drawn in with the nose and then spit out through the mouth;
- aromatherapy will help alleviate the condition of the patient. Eucalyptus or menthol oil should be prepared.
Phytodrainage spray as a treatment
Phyto-drainage spray is an innovative method of dealing with a cyst in the nose, according to experts, it will help get rid of the problem. Treatment with phyto-drainage spray will help to achieve the following goals:
- thorough cleansing of the nasal passages;
- liquefaction of mucous clots;
- washing of deeper mucous layers;
- relief from edema;
- drying of the mucous membrane;
- nerve receptor stimulation;
- the resumption of the functional activity of the mucous membrane;
- reduced risk of side effects.
Cysts in children
Most often in childhood, a neoplasm develops in the maxillary sinus and is the result of an inflammatory process on the part of milk teeth. Self-treatment in this case is simply excluded, so you can seriously harm the child, up to the development of serious complications, such as squeezing the eyeball.
As in the case of adults, a cyst in childhood can develop asymptomatically, and may be accompanied by the appearance of a runny nose, headaches, nasal congestion. Children are also given radiography, CT, MRI for a more accurate diagnosis.
Consider reviews that will help determine the methods of treatment. Mainly rely on the recommendations of the doctor.
So, a cyst in the nose and the question of its removal is an urgent issue of our time. Pathological process can occur for a variety of reasons. The main point of prevention is a timely and competent approach to the treatment of the nose, sinuses, teeth, gums. A cyst in the nose may not manifest itself, and may cause an unpleasant clinical picture. Do not engage in self-diagnosis and try to find the best method of treatment. Traditional medicine does not eliminate the problem, and can only alleviate the manifestations of this disease. The most proven, effective and safe method of cyst removal is the endoscopic technique.