It is unlikely that there will be such a person who would not have had to face a finger burn at least once in his life. To get such an injury is quite simple, you only need to touch a hot object, hot liquid or caustic chemical for a moment. Most often, a finger burn is obtained in the kitchen during cooking or when working with an electric soldering iron. Such injuries are usually characterized by first and second degree of severity, and, like any other burns, need medical attention. Timely actions taken will help eliminate pain and prevent an inflammatory reaction. What to do when burn fingers?
First degree burn
With a light burn of the finger, a red spot appears, accompanied by pain and burning sensation. Having received such an injury, the burned area is recommended to be placed under a stream of cool water, which not only cools the place of the burn and reduces pain, but also removes contaminants containing pathogens from the skin. In the absence of tap water you can make cold compresses. In this case, the use of ice, which can freeze the tissue and aggravate the process of healing the burn, it is better to refuse. The cooling process should take at least 10 minutes.
Having cooled the injured finger, you should carefully consider the place of the burn. If there are no blisters on the skin, it is recommended to treat it with one of the pharmaceutical preparations containing Panthenol. What to do in the absence of specialized ointments and aerosols? Aloe leaf pulp can be applied to the damaged area, which will moisturize the injured skin layers and stop the inflammatory process. To prevent dirt from getting burned, a gauze bandage is applied to the finger. As a rule, such injuries heal without a trace in a few days.
Second degree burn
A second-degree burn is diagnosed with the appearance of characteristic blisters filled with fluid. After cooling the injured area, take a pain killer and wrap a finger with sterile dressing. Bandages should be changed daily until complete recovery of the skin, which should occur within 1-2 weeks. Do not use any alcohol-containing agents, ointments or toothpaste for burn treatment. They will block the access of air to the skin and will prevent wound healing.
Important! In the case of the addition of infection, accompanied by inflammation, blister can pose a real threat to human health. That is why blisters with burns can not be opened.
The source of infection can be the skin itself, which contains a large number of conditionally pathogenic and pathogenic microbes, as well as the sebaceous and sweat glands, the air environment, and any objects in contact with the blister. When an infection is attached, the healing process of a burn wound can be delayed for several months and end with the formation of a scar.
Recognize adhering infection can be on the following grounds:
- Increased pain;
- Increased body temperature and skin around the burn;
- Purulent discharge.
Recognizing one or more of the above symptoms, you should contact a specialist who will prescribe an effective remedy for the local treatment of wounds. It is possible to reduce the risk of infection by daily washing the blister with furatsilina solution and protecting the wound from excessive drying and traumatization.
Finger burn, as a rule, is a superficial damage, limited to the first or second degree of severity. With proper first aid, he heals easily at home. The exceptions are injuries joined by the infection. Most often this occurs when inadequate first aid and blistering. Finding the first signs of infection, you should visit the doctor.