ARVI disease is very common for adults and children. On average, every year every adult person has time to get sick twice, schoolchildren suffer one and a half times more often, and preschoolers can get sick with ARVI up to 6 times.
The share of all recorded childhood diseases of ARD and ARVI is 94%. Symptomatic manifestation of flu, colds is very similar.
For the treatment of these diseases, various medicines, folk remedies are used, so it is important to recognize ARVI in a timely manner.
How long does the temperature in adults and children
When enterovirus, adenoviral infections, influenza, a high temperature should be kept for several days.
In children, the immunity is not as strong as in an adult, so the decrease to the normal temperature is fixed for 4-5 days.
In adults, a “fracture” in a high rate is observed for 3-4 days. Very much depends on the type of infection, the disease itself, the presence of complications, the stage of the course.
If the temperature does not fall by this period, you should be checked for the probability of developing a bacterial infection.
Acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) account for over 300 types of pathogens.
In children of primary school age and preschoolers, the frequent manifestation of these ailments is due to the lack of immunity to most of them.
With age, immune cells “accumulate” knowledge about the enemy, its varieties, and oppose them.
That is why adults suffer ARVI more steadfastly, rarely suffer from a high fever associated with a cold. This applies to rhinovirus infection.
In recent decades, new strains of viral infections affecting the respiratory tract have begun to appear. Among the most new – reovirus infection.
Its peculiarity lies in the ability of concomitant damage to the gastrointestinal tract, nasopharynx, causing a three-day high temperature.
Enteroviruses are responsible for this type of flu; they are able to bring the body to a more critical state.
The disease is accompanied by a spasmodic high temperature (regardless of the treatment carried out), which, without any particular reason, occurs and disappears after a few days, and then rises again.
How much can the temperature hold 37?
The appearance of subfebrile temperature is observed with the defeat of adenoviruses.
Today, bacteriological laboratories contain about 80 types of this pathogen.
This disease is characterized by holding the level of 37-37.5 degrees on the thermometer from 10 days.
A distinctive symptom is conjunctivitis, affecting the eyes first, retreating to eliminate catarrhal phenomena.
The most frequent symptoms of adenoviral lesions of the body are sneezing, hyperthermia, fever, fever, headache, runny nose, pain in the nasopharynx, aggravated by swallowing.
To distinguish the flu from a cold, you should pay attention to the nature, temperature level. With flu, it rises rapidly, to the level of 39 and above, while the common cold is characterized by a less rapid rise.
Influenza is cured, but leaves behind the effects of the heat – headaches, weakness in the body, fatigue.
If you lower the medication temperature to 36.6- 36.9 degrees, you can suppress the body’s ability to fight the infection on its own, slowing down the metabolic processes, reducing the defenses.
The course of the disease in this case will be more protracted, with probable complications. To take drugs in case of continuing heat at around 37-37.5 degrees should be after 4-5 days of this condition.
How many days is 38?
The body temperature that has reached 38-38.9 degrees is called febrile, it can appear with ARVI and flu.
The presence of heat of this type means the presence in the body of forces to naturally combat the disease.
The produced white blood cells attack harmful bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens of the disease, to which the body reacts with fever.
This is the natural behavior of the immune system of a healthy person.
In adults, this phase can last for about 5 days, for children, depending on age from 3 to 4 days.
To bring down such heat should be only in the case of exceeding this timeframe or thermometer indicator over 38.5 degrees.
In most cases, the body is able to cope without medicines, but you should not delay or not treat the main disease that caused the fever.
Frequent use of pharmaceutical preparations can be addictive, it is especially dangerous for kids.
How long does it hold 39?
The appearance of the heat of 39 degrees and above means that all the immune forces of the body are thrown in his defense.
At this point, the maximum possible number of leukocytes that are able to absorb pathogens, viruses, is released.
At this temperature, you should know the following:
- The aggressiveness of the immune system increases when the indicator reaches 39 degrees;
- This temperature regime for most infections, viruses is fatal, they multiply more slowly, many die. Within a couple of hours, our body can independently determine the most effective level of heat for the best fight against the disease;
- Drug medications to reduce fever with frequent, too fast use contribute to the development of the disease, allowing just to stay on their feet for a while;
- Immediate churning of high temperature with medications reduces the defensive capabilities of leukocytes, which increases the likelihood of complications.
Causes of fever during SARS in adults and children
The appearance of fever may indicate several changes in the body that occur as a result of infection of SARS.
High temperatures occur when:
- First, it is the body’s low immunity, which is not able to produce a sufficient number of leukocytes and interferon proteins, to effectively combat bacteria and viruses.
- Secondly, various kinds of complications can develop or be provoked with a common cold. They will cause fever.
In order to avoid any serious consequences, with the appearance of the first symptoms of fever, you should consult a doctor or call an ambulance for hospitalization.
When does a fever become dangerous?
The reason for the decrease in heat is:
- When the thermometer on the subfebrile mark the patient has a serious condition;
- There are diseases in the chronic form of organs, blood flow, respiration, thyroid, heart;
- The appearance of hallucinations or convulsions as intolerance to high temperatures.
See a doctor or call an ambulance for emergency hospitalization for fever in such cases:
- Any manifestation of heat in newborns up to 3 months of age;
- In one-year-old children from 3 months when the thermometer reaches 38 degrees;
- In young children, the presence of torticollis, the inability to move, or confusion may indicate the development of infection in the body;
- In children, adults, swallowing is very difficult, breathing is difficult, when inhaling you hear noises, the duration of cough is more than a minute;
- The presence of an apathetic condition or seizures;
- The appearance of any acute and severe pain;
- Independent long-term attempts to reduce the temperature to subfebrile or febrile levels are unsuccessful.
Antibacterial agents will not be able to cope with viral infections, as antibiotics are powerless against infectious diseases.
Their incorrect use complicates the patient’s condition and causes complications.
When are antipyretic needed?
A bad reaction of the body to fever becomes the first reason for using medical methods to reduce it. In other cases, the reasons may be:
- Excess of 39.5 degrees in adult patients;
- In children with febrile temperature, it should be lowered to the subfebrile level, this is due to poor thermoregulation in childhood.
For children, antipyretics are needed:
- If a previously healthy child has a febrile temperature that is accompanied by muscle weakness or headaches;
- If the baby has heart or lung diseases when it reaches 38.5 degrees;
- If in the history of the baby there are febrile convulsions and a thermometer mark of 38-38.5 degrees is reached.
What medications should be used
There are many medications: for adults, almost any of the drugs they choose are suitable for the body without contraindications, for children – only ibuprofen, paracetamol;
For a child under the age of 15, do not use aspirin as an antipyretic, especially if the disease is caused by viral infections or accompanied by a cold. If you violate this rule, he may develop Reye’s syndrome, which affects the liver and brain.
Preparations for relieving fever:
- Paracetamol. Contained in almost all cough, anti-flu drugs. Also released separately in the form of syrup, candles or tablets. Adults appoint 0.5 g with the same interval of administration 4 times a day. Pediatric dosage – 0.1-0.25 g with the same interval. Tablets are prescribed to children from 3 years old, babies are given paracetamol in the form of a syrup or a rectal suppository.
- Ibuprofen The tool belongs to a new generation of medicines, can be produced in combination with caffeine, paracetamol or pure form. Adults are prescribed 0.6 g twice a day, children over 12 years old – 0.3 g with a similar break.
- Analgin. The drug is able to relieve fever, eliminate pain. The dose for an adult is 0.5 – 1 g 2-3 times a day. For children, the dosage is lower – 0.05 g, 0.1 g or 0.15 g with the same frequency of administration as for adults.
The choice of antipyretic should be made by a doctor, since only a specialist is able to evaluate all indications, interaction with other medications taken, likely adverse reactions.
Save yourself from ARVI is almost unreal. This is due to the constant appearance of new types of viruses and infections that are not yet familiar to the body. However, the reaction to this disease is almost always the same: weakness, fever, runny nose.
It is dangerous for adults and children to allow the temperature to reach 40 degrees, since then the denaturation of proteins begins, which has a negative effect on the nervous system and health in general.
Also, do not hurry with antipyretic drugs. If the temperature for 4-5 days stays at a not high, subfebrile level, it is best to carry out the main treatment, and allow the body to independently manage the ailment.
In any cases that are not understood or threaten the patient’s health, they should, without hesitation, call for emergency care and not refuse hospitalization.