Calcium deficiency in a child’s body can cause a lot of trouble – from rickets and neurological disorders to thyroid gland dysfunction, heart function, the musculoskeletal system and the development of the skeleton.
What is meant by lack of, as well as how to give the child the necessary substance for normal growth and development, says a well-known pediatrician Yevgeny Komarovsky.
About the problem
Calcium deficiency occurs for two reasons: either it is not enough in food, or it is poorly absorbed in the intestine and is not absorbed to the desired extent. The general consensus is that milk and dairy products are necessarily required for a child to get calcium – Yevgeny Komarovsky says wrongly. Therefore, there is no need to feed milk to children who, for example, do not digest it well, by hook or by crook. The required substance is contained in sufficient quantity in nuts, in fresh greens, in sea fish, in many vegetables and even fruits.
The release of Dr. Komarovsky’s transfer of calcium can be seen in the next issue.
If there are enough minerals and microelements in the baby’s food, and there is still a deficiency, the reason may be hypovitaminosis D. Sometimes, with calcium deficiency, it is possible to establish a direct link between this deficiency and thyroid gland disorders.
If there is a shortage, special medicines are prescribed to the child – calcium preparations. Usually, doctors recommend taking them in certain dosages for children with very specific problems:
- Pathologies associated with thyroid function.
- Allergy (both acute and chronic forms).
- Diseases of the hematopoietic system, in particular, coagulation disorders.
- Diseases of the skin (eczema, dermatitis).
- With hypocalcemia during the growth of teeth, bones (with very fast growth rates).
For home use, practice drugs in pills. Sometimes doctors administer Ca salts intravenously, but this refers to emergency first aid, which may be necessary in case of severe bleeding, convulsions, an acute and severe allergic reaction to something.
The truth and myths about calcium can be seen in the next video.
Calcium deficiency can be determined by a comprehensive study of the blood of the child. It is reasonable to take pharmaceutical preparations of Ca only when doctors on the basis of analyzes establish the diagnosis of hypocalcemia. In all other cases, it is not necessary to take drugs, to provide a child with sufficiently balanced and correct nutrition, including in his diet foods with a high content of this vital substance (the list of foods is given below).
Calcium gluconate is the most well-known drug, which is available in tablets and in the form of a solution for intravenous injection. Tablets of gluconate Ca on the shelves of pharmacies are available in two dosages – 250 and 500 mg. In order for children to take pills more readily, they are released not only in a “pure” form, but also with various fruit supplements.
Sometimes very thoughtful parents read in the instructions for the drug allowed for subcutaneous administration. It is strictly forbidden to do this, the instruction describes the option of providing urgent assistance to adults, but not children.
In general, calcium gluconate is the most common drug prescribed to children.
Calcium chloride is a solution for pricks of different concentrations (10% and 2.5%). It is administered intravenously. For home use, pharmacists produce a special dosage form that is most suitable for children — a solution for drinking at a concentration of 5% with the addition of tasty fruit juice. Prick Ca chloride should only be a medical professional, as it is important to get there right, because this chemical compound causes severe irritation of local tissues.
Komarovsky does not recommend giving the drug in the form of drops for drinking, as this remedy often causes severe irritation of the tender children’s stomach. This only applies to medication. Now there are children’s products for sale with this substance, and their use does not cause any irritation. For example, you can buy cottage cheese with calcium chloride, but the content of the substance we need in it does not even closely correspond to the daily rate.
Calcium lactate is a drug in pills. There is a single dosage – 500 mg. Calcium itself in the preparation is significantly more than in gluconate, and therefore it is quite convenient to take it (fewer pills will be eaten as a result).
There are other drugs:
- Calcium carbonate,
- Calcium phosphate,
- Calcium Acetate,
- Calcium citrate
- Calcium glycerophosphate.
However, these drugs are not widely used because they have no advantages over gluconate and lactate, which were discussed in detail above.