Lymph node in the neck of a child
Ladies, hello! The child has an age of approx. 2 – ***** years after a short-term and some strange ORVI one node in the neck increased painless. The doctor on the basis of the examination (tests and ultrasound is not appointed) diagnosed with lymphadenitis. My mother’s heart is restless, because lymphadenitis is differentiated with lymphogranulomatosis, lymphoma, and so on. Did you have this, is there a reason to sound the alarm?
The child’s immune system is asleep, do everything you need: let’s immunomodulators, feed high-quality strong food, more vitamins. And do not rush to cut, because in 90% of cases it goes away.
We, too, was about this age. Any cold and lymph node improves. After some time has passed. The doctor also put lymphadenitis.
mine was like that. She insisted on an oncologist’s consultation – lymphadenitis. everything went by itself. do not worry at this age is often
We have also increased almost a year after
I don’t want to frighten you, the doctors still see your child’s lymph node and know better what to do and what doesn’t, but I’ll still write what happened to my son.
Three years ago, my son had a tiny bruise on the inside of his thigh. The bruise did not hurt, there was no temperature, the son only complained of mild weakness. Just in case, I went with my son to the doctor, he did not say anything definite, he advised me to go to the hospital so that the doctors made a diagnosis there, they have more experience. The hospital immediately said that it was lymphadenitis, watched the day and still removed the lymph node. The surgeon said that he was so melted with pus that flowed out during the operation.
Effect of tobacco smoke on animals
Popular wisdom, as well as scientific facts say that a drop of nicotine kills a horse. Given that the size of pets like a cat or dog is much smaller, it is safe to say that the nicotine contained in the smoke from cigarettes does not bring any benefit to their health.
For many years, animal rights organizations have been concerned about the dangers of smoking on pets. Of course, it is difficult to imagine a dog or a cat happy with a cigarette lingering, but passive smoking is even more dangerous for animals than for humans.
For example, researchers from a veterinary center in Massachusetts studied seven hundred and eighty domestic cats of different ages and breeds for seven years. As a result, it turned out that cats living in the homes of people who smoke, as a result of nicotine, had twice as much as a tumor of the lymph nodes, lymphoma, which in the shortest possible time leads to death. At the same time, according to statistics, the disease kills three-quarters of animals in just one year.
However, not only diseases threaten pets as a result of inhalation of cigarette smoke, it causes our pets and other unpleasant sensations – their eyes are watering, breathing is difficult, and discharge from the nose increases. In short, the animal’s respiratory system is hit, and it is very difficult to determine the cause of the disease – often veterinarians prescribe treatment for allergies or other diseases, although in fact the problem is caused by nicotine exposure.
Animals react painfully not only to cigarettes, but also to the burning of any kind of tobacco – pipe, cigar, hookah. At the same time, it doesn’t matter how much the owner smokes – a pack per day or a cigarette per month, since nicotine from smoke can accumulate on furniture, things, carpets, and in light animals.
Lecture: Lethal infections of cats. Principles of diagnosis and prevention
Among all the infectious pathology of cats, there are three viral diseases that stand apart from all others, because they are lethal, that is, incurable. These include viral immunodeficiency (VIC, Feline immunodeficiency, FIV), viral leukemia (WLC, Feline leukemia, FeLV) and infectious peritonitis of cats (VPK, Feline infectious peritonitis, FIP).
However, the pathogens of these dangerous diseases do not always cause the clinical manifestation of the disease. This is the main difficulty in 1) diagnosis, 2) interpretation of research results and 3) prediction of these diseases. In this regard, a practicing veterinary specialist should keep in mind the following fundamental principles:
any positive result must be 1) confirmed by another method; 2) consistent with the clinical status of the cat;
In this lecture, the basic properties of viruses, epizootology and pathogenesis of diseases are discussed, information is presented on the formation of the immune response in cats, the basic principles of control and prevention, as well as the use of symptomatic and therapeutic agents.
I. Viral leukemia cats
1. VIRAL LEUKEMIA OF CATS (VLK)
Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) belongs to γ-retroviruses distributed throughout the world. The pathogen was first detected by electron microscopy in 1964 [Jarrett et al., 1964]. Wild members of this family, including the European and Iberian lynx, are susceptible to the disease besides domestic cats.
All retroviruses, including leukemia virus (FeLV), are RNA-containing and, when replicated, undergo a stage of reverse transcription into DNA, which is usually integrated into the genome of the host cell using the integrase enzyme [Temin Mizutani, 1970]. Integrated DNA is called a provirus. After that
Natalia, thank you very much for the article !! How can I contact you? Leave your email address, please! Or phone number! I will be very grateful!! Really looking forward to your reply!
Can you please tell me if a man can make cunnilingus to a woman suffering from genital herpes if at this moment everything is clean and there are no rashes, the man is healthy, sex life is only with
Girls giving birth for the first time. Genital herpes a few years before pregnancy was, relapses 1-2 times a month. She was scared, cried at night, read forums. The entire first trimester was just as hell. 2 and 3 less, but still
Virus Epstein Barr
In 1961, the English surgeon Denis Parson Burkitt (Denis Parsons Burkitt,
Epstein and Burkitt agreed to cooperate. However, due to lack of funding, no practical steps were taken. Only in 1964, thanks to a scientific grant
US National Cancer Institute for $ 45,000, it became possible to study tumor samples sent by Denis Burkit
Collided with lymphoma in a cat. If he had not died during a diagnostic operation (they could not make a diagnosis in other ways), then I would recommend to put him to sleep. As the doctor said, cats are difficult to tolerate chemotherapy, which is emphasized in the treatment.
And I observed a case in biocontrol (Moscow, a clinic specializing in oncology in animals), where the girl was dragged by a cat with breast cancer. All glands were removed on one side, and neoplasms appeared contrary to forecasts from the second. Removed the remaining glands. The cat was on droppers, constant chemotherapy. Judging by the stories of the girl, the treatment turned into a torment for the rescued cat.
The cat, at 12+ years old (and maybe older, the inheritance from the neighbor in the dacha) was removed in turn with a difference of one month two carcinomas of the cervical glands with total resection of nsp (that is, excised and stitched fuck up ears). Happily lived another 2 years, the chemistry was not required, he died of HPP, there were no metastases (on this account, we ran to be examined, as if to work). The success of such operations usually depends on the stage of the process, the type and location of the tumor and the doctor. We had a good surgeon who correctly determined the priorities (there are two tumors, and both are essentially in the head), chose the optimal time between operations so as not to start up, and not to kill the cat with two anesthesia, and cleaned everything well so that it did not get out more. Many with similar operations were less fortunate, the doctors suggested “trying to preserve hearing”, but in the end all the same, resection of NSP, only with complications and metastases. Ours said, Do you want to save a rumor or a cat? and at once everything fucked it, but then there were no problems.
Oliver Lynch, sympathize. Not from personal experience, but from the field of general considerations. In such situations, it is very important to listen to the opinions of several different doctors, and after that to make decisions. Sometimes it can be an operation, sometimes even when
Dog nutrition and oncology: can we prevent cancer?
Oncological diseases are among the ten most common causes of death for dogs. Owners are increasingly interested in the question, is it possible to prevent cancer?
Cancer causes are DNA damage that 1) lead to uncontrolled self-reproduction of cells, 2) avoid the defense response of the immune system, which can destroy abnormal cells, 3) cause the growth of blood vessels to supply the tumor cells with nutrients; and 4) distributed locally and / or remotely. Cancer is more common in pedigree dogs than purebreds. The cause of cancer can be viruses: the leukemia virus in cats and the transmissible venereal sarcoma in dogs, which are transmitted through contact with a sick animal. In uncastrated males, testicular cancer may develop, in females, cancer of the uterus or ovaries (the risk of these tumors is reduced to almost zero during castration). Dogs and cats living in families with chain smokers have an increased risk of developing oral and nasal cancer as a result of exposure to tobacco smoke. In addition, modern dogs and cats live longer thanks to vaccines, balanced diets and other achievements of medicine and prevention of various diseases. By and large, by preventing other deadly diseases, we opened the field of action for cancer in older dogs and cats.
Porodnaya predisposition plays a special role in the occurrence of cancer in golden retrievers. Goldens are beautiful, intelligent, family companion dogs, but they are also a breed that has one of the highest risks for cancer at any age. This is one of the main reasons for conducting a study on the life span of golden retrievers. This study involved 3,000 dogs, which will be studied genetics, medi
stomach cancer in cats
What are the first signs of stomach cancer?
Stomach cancer is a cancer that is a malignant tumor that develops from the cells of the gastric mucosa. Of all the tumors, gastric cancer takes the 4th place, in mortality it takes the 2nd place and is second only to lung cancer.
The incidence rate varies from 15% to 22% in different regions, but the highest in Asia. Men are sick more often than women almost 2 times. Metastasis in gastric cancer occurs in 80-90% of cases, which is an unfavorable sign.
The answer to this question is determined by the stage of the process, the presence of metastases, the histological type of the tumor and the individual characteristics of the organism. On average, life expectancy at the 4th stage is about six months.
Cancer develops from genetically modified alien tumor cells that have the ability to reproduce rapidly and show signs of aggression (malignancy):
germination in tissue – a malignant tumor germinates through healthy tissues, destroying them, and intense pain occurs;
metastases – a process in which cells can break away from the primary tumor, spread through the blood or lymphatic vessels to other organs (even distant ones), attach there and give growth to the secondary tumor;
increased vascularization – the tumor releases specific substances that stimulate the growth of blood vessels around the tumor – this increases the flow of blood and nutrition to the tumor, while there is a lack of nutrition in the neighboring healthy tissues (a symptom of robbing);
Gastrointestinal tumors in cats and dogs
In their daily practice, veterinarians often encounter gastrointestinal tumors in cats and sometimes encounter these pathologies in dogs. In practice, any therapist from an outpatient clinic