Only according to official statistics, half of women at least once in their lives asked this question. In fact, scientists call it quite probable that every woman would have run into candidiasis once, so the question of how to get rid of thrush permanently always remains relevant. In addition, in recent years, cases of male candidiasis have increased, so this material is also useful for the stronger sex. To get started, let’s go through the most pressing questions about thrush.
Questions about thrush: what worries most often
Male thrush – does it happen?
And yes again. The fact that thrush is a female problem is only stereotypes. They were formed under the influence of advertising of anti-mycotic drugs, on which we see most often women. Indeed, this infection in the female body comes four times more often. But in men it is more insidious, since it rarely comes alone. Mainly for the stronger sex, thrush is just the cover of a serious illness.
Why do women suffer more often?
For their reproduction, pathogens of thrush require special conditions – this is warm and moisture (especially good if these factors are joined by a sweet environment or increased acidity). These are the conditions in the female vagina. If a woman eats a lot of sweets, then the excess glucose gets into the urine and on the external genitals, lingering in their folds. If the pH rises for certain reasons, the acidity becomes too high. Hygiene inside the vagina is impossible for anatomical reasons, which is why the causative agent of candidiasis so readily survives in the female body.
Men are lucky in terms of anatomy. The penis and its foreskin are mobile, there are no deep folds on them, and their hygiene is not at all difficult. Only for this reason the thrush is not so often delayed on a visit to the representatives of the stronger sex.
What kind of pathogen is this?
Candidiasis is so called due to its pathogens – Candida. These are single cell yeast, which are fungi. There are a lot of them on the planet – about 150. At the same time, two dozen of them can inhabit the human body.
Candida by nature is symbiotics that can coexist with other microorganisms. That is why the pathogens of thrush actually inhabit almost every organism. They come to us from food, furniture, household items, and so on. Thus, in adults, candida in the intestine is found in 80% of cases.
In order not to die, the single-celled fungus hides itself under a dense shell. So he is peacefully balancing in the area of mucous membranes and skin, waiting in the wings. As soon as the body weakens, Candida take up their business. Each cell of yeast fungus is armed with a special pocket with spores for further reproduction. Candida becomes round or oval, grow and quickly begin to fill the space. First, the harmful cells form chains, and then whole massive colonies, which we observe in the form of lumpy whitish secretions.
The pathogens of thrush penetrate healthy cells and feed them with nutrients, and then the weakened cells simply poison with their own toxins. Having destroyed the top layer, Candida penetrate deeper and increase their pathogenic effect.
Is thrush sexually transmitted?
Thrush cannot be considered a venereal disease. First, as already mentioned, its pathogen is constantly present in the body. And the disease develops when the immune system is weakened for certain reasons. Secondly, if even one of the sexual partners is ill, the second one may not get sick if he has good health. Or, after the first signs appear, a strong organism can itself suppress the disease.
What is “matrimonial thrush?”
If thrush is diagnosed at once in both sexual partners, then this phenomenon is called conjugal thrush. In this case, a parallel treatment is shown, during which the couple must refuse sexual intercourse. Further sex life in order to avoid relapses is better to secure for a certain time with latex contraceptives.
Forms of thrush
To understand how to get rid of thrush once and for all, you need not only to diagnose thrush, but also to find out which of the forms of thrush. Doctors today distinguish three forms of candidiasis. It:
- Acute course of the disease, characterized by itching, redness without pronounced contours, swelling of the external genital organs and characteristic discharge
- Candidacy – This is a rather specific form of the disease, in which the patient / patient has no complaints. In this case, the regular partner will have frequent recurrences of the disease, despite qualified treatment. Yeast fungi can be detected in vaginal smears and in the analysis of preputial contents.
- Chronic form considered the most difficult. Such a disease lasts for more than two months (and for many years even), while there are no clear symptoms of the acute form, but the thrush seems to catch fire again and again.
What factors contribute to the development of thrush: causes
In order for a yeast infection to start developing in the body, certain conditions are needed. Scientists have still not figured out the exact reason why some women are being followed by thrush, and others are not. Among the main contributing factors are the following:
- Weakening of immunity for various reasons
- The presence of chronic infections in the body
- Parallel diseases that are sexually transmitted
- Oral contraceptive use
- Antibiotics (usually long-term or without medical supervision)
- Constant stress on the psyche
- Chronic fatigue
- Taking corticosteroids.
How to recognize thrush: signs and symptoms
Often, patients can self-diagnose thrush before coming to the doctor. It has specific symptoms, namely:
- White (sometimes with a gray tint) discharge, lumpy in appearance, like curdled foods
- Specific sour unpleasant smell (it may not be)
- Intolerable itching in the perineum, which can be either episodic or permanent
- Pain during urination is possible (there is also a burning sensation when urine somehow falls on irritated areas)
- Redness of the external genitalia, which does not have sufficiently pronounced contours
- Painful sensations during and after intercourse.
With the manifestation of these symptoms or one of them, one should not self-medicate, but go to the doctor, who will help to clarify not only the diagnosis of thrush, but also the cause of its appearance.
Thrush in men: what are the symptoms in this case?
- The presence of white bloom on the head and foreskin of the penis
- Itching and burning
- Swelling, redness of the head, foreskin
- Pain when urinating, as well as during intercourse
- Painful itching
- Possible rash.
Having found similar symptoms in himself, a man should hurry to a dermato-venereologist.
How to get rid of thrush permanently: about treatment
Of course, any treatment begins with a visit to a specialist. Even for those who already have experience in treating thrush, communication with a doctor is imperative. The thing is that there are similar diseases that have similar symptoms. And the thrush itself is often only a mask for a more serious illness.
The rules to be followed by the patient / patient:
- If you suspect thrush, immediately cancel sex. Your partner / partner may also have thrush or a carrier, so even in combination with drug therapy, infection will occur again and again.
- Clean yourself more often. Well, if the water will have some alkaline reaction or will have disinfecting properties. To achieve this effect, you can add a little baking soda or furatsilina to the water for washing. Do not use soap for toilet of external genital organs: the use of this hygienic means will only increase itching. To reduce the manifestation of this symptom, you can use baby powder. At the time of treatment it is advisable to abandon the baths. Also, women are contraindicated douching. After hygiene, wipe dry the genitals with a special clean towel or disposable pharmacy napkins.
- Adjust your usual diet a little. If you add hot spices to food, it will increase itching, and sweets and pastries will create a favorable sweet environment for fungi. Also, do not eat pickled and smoked foods and pickles. Instead, strengthen the menu with fruits and vegetables, focus on cereal dishes. It is also good to eat dairy foods, especially those that contain beneficial bacteria.
- While you are undergoing treatment, try to avoid sweating. The perspiration excreted under loads and stresses is very irritating to the areas inflamed by thrush, which leads to a more pronounced manifestation of unpleasant symptoms.
- And another important rule for women: if during the period of menstruation, you need to forget about the use of tampons and use only pads (change them often enough, no less than once every four hours). The fact is that if you replace the gaskets less often, then the pathogens of thrush (and other diseases) feel great right on their surface. At the same time, the body is weakened during treatment.
These basic rules must be observed during treatment in order to speed up the process and minimize the risk of relapse.
What drugs will help forever get rid of thrush?
There is a whole mass of medicines, manufacturers of which promise to get rid of thrush once and for all – this is absolutely a trifling matter. How to actually choose the right drug knows only the attending doctor. During laboratory tests (even when making a diagnosis), the fungus spores are sown on special media, which allows it to differentiate its appearance and find out which of the drugs it is most sensitive to.
Forms of medicines used to treat thrush
On the basis of different active substances, drugs are produced in various forms, namely:
- Vaginal suppositories
- The sprays
The doctor usually combines external means with systemic drugs to enhance the effect. But if the thrush is not running, then it may be enough funds for external use.
Topical preparations for the treatment of candidiasis
Drugs that are used topically have fewer contraindications, since they act directly at the site of a yeast infection. That is why they are so good at helping eliminate the annoying symptoms associated with Candida. Among them:
- Clotrimazole (based on it most of all anti-fungal agents, such as Antifungol, Kanesten, Candibene, Yenamazol, Clotrimazole)
- Ikonazol (Gyno-herbal agent Ovulum)
- Miconazole (Ginesol, Klion-D100, Gyno-daktarin)
- Natamycin (Pimafucin)
- Nystatin (Terzhinal, Polygynax)
- Ketoconazole (Livarol, Nizoral, Ketoconazole, Vetozoral, Brizoral, Oronazole, Perhotal).
Systemic drugs against candidiasis
Tablets and capsules are widely used to treat thrush: they are transferred to the epicenter of the disease along with the blood flow. Almost all the pills for thrush, which have proven to be effective, are based on fluconazole.
If the doctor sees that the disease is quite mild, he prescribes a single dose of a systemic drug. The dose in this case is 150 mg of fluconazole. These are such pills as:
When the thrush is severe, and the patient is worried about relapses, fluconazole is prescribed for 3-4 weeks (take the same dose of the medicine one time every seven days). If the fungi continue to parasitize, then Orungal tablets, which are based on Intraconazole, can be an alternative system remedy.
All drugs have a lot of contraindications, so self-treatment is simply unacceptable!
We hope that our article was useful for you. Questions to which you did not find the answers, You can now ask our specialist. Take the first step to recovery right on this page.