How to quickly calm the heartbeat?
Heart palpitations (tachycardia) are rhythm disturbances that can be caused by various factors, such as increased blood adrenaline, anemia, anxiety and
The sudden onset of a strong heartbeat causes general weakness, fear, agitation, a feeling of heaviness in the heart, a feeling of tightness in the chest, dizziness (maybe fainting), a feeling of heaviness in the head and tinnitus.
An attack of a regular rapid (from 160 to 200 beats per minute) heartbeat is called paroxysmal atrial tachycardia.
The following factors contribute to heart palpitations:
- electrolyte disturbance,
- violation of the redox process,
- decrease in central and coronary blood flow, accompanied by microcirculation disorder,
- physical and emotional stress
- smoking, alcohol,
- toxic effects of drugs (mainly cardiac glycosides).
- poisoning fruits lily of the valley, mushrooms
The quickest way to cope immediately with a strong heartbeat are vagus tests – Valsalva maneuver (straining at inspiration height), inhalation attempt with closed glottis (Müller’s test), carotid sinus massage (unilaterally pressing in the region of the sleep triangle with a duration of no more than 10 s) coughing, vomiting reflexes, covering the face with ice pieces. The effectiveness of vagal samples with supraventricular tachycardia reaches 50%.
To perform a Valsalva maneuver, close your mouth and hold your nose, then try to exhale, creating tension in the body. Such actions will lead to a rapid jump in the rhythm of the heart, followed by its sedation. However, to perform such actions is not recommended for people with chronic heart disease.
If there is no effect within 30-40 seconds, then medication is needed: • ATP – 10 mg (1 ml) in / in the jet for 2-5 seconds. Its effect is very high in reciprocal atrio-ventricular tachycardias. In the absence of effect for 2 minutes. further tactics; • Isoptin (verapamil, finoptin) acts primarily on the nodular tissue, and is especially effective for AV tachycardias – contraindicated if the patient is taking b-blockers!
If the patient is constantly taking beta-blockers, then enter obzidan (propranolol) 5 mg per 10 ml of saline in / in slowly jet.
If there is no effect, you must call an ambulance!
The first time this happens, you should be thoroughly examined in the clinic. It is necessary to exclude ventricular tachycardia (type of fast heartbeat, life-threatening) and all forms of organic heart disease, thyroid pathology, impaired lung function, and so on.
Suppose everything is in order. Yet, quite often your atria — the chambers in the heart that receive blood from the veins and push it into the ventricles — are a little out of control. The atria maintain a steady rhythm, but this rhythm can be 3 times faster than normal. (By the way, tachycardia is considered to be any heartbeat greater than 100 beats per minute.)
Recommendations to deal with seizures
Below you will find techniques that will help you cope with attacks, and lifestyle tips that will help prevent them.
Slow down your life order. Think of an accelerated heartbeat as a red signal that warns: “Stop your activity! Cool it down Rest! ”In fact, rest is the best mechanism for stopping an attack.
Try vagus techniques. The heart rate and the force of contraction of the heart are regulated by sympathetic and parasympathetic (vagus, vagus nerve) nerves. When your heart is beating strongly, it means that the sympathetic system dominates (this is the system that causes your body to add speed). All you have to do is turn on control: a more consistent, softer parasympathetic network. If you stimulate the vagal nerve, you will give rise to a chemical process that acts as a brake on the heart.
One way to turn this network on is to take a deep breath and push it down, as if you were pushing. Touch the right carotid artery. A gentle massage of the right carotid artery is another vagus maneuver. Your doctor must show you the right degree of pressure and the right point. You need to massage the artery in the place where it connects with the cervical, and as low as possible under the jaw.
Use the dive reflex. When marine mammals sink into the coldest water layers, their heart rate automatically slows down. This is their natural way to save the brain and heart. You can trigger your own dive reflex by filling your pelvis with cool water and immersing your face in it for a second or two. Sometimes it interrupts tachycardia.
Drop your coffee habits. This applies to cola, tea, chocolate, diet pills or stimulants in any form. Excessive use of stimulants can put you at risk for paroxysmal atrial tachycardia.
Train your hypothalamus. The work of your heart depends on what happens in your head, especially in the midbrain. That is why it is necessary to give support to the hypothalamus when it is in need, through appropriate diet, exercise, positive attitude, in order to maintain stability and control over the autonomic nervous system.
The autonomic nervous system has two subsystems: the sympathetic, which basically accelerates everything in the body except digestion, and the parasympathetic.
Stress, malnutrition, and pollutants can cause your hypothalamus to lose control of the autonomic nervous system and allow it to fall back on a high regime (sympathetic overload). You can help your hypothalamus maintain control.
Eat healthy foods regularly and do not abuse sweets. If you missed a meal, and then filled your stomach with chocolate or soda, your pancreas will intensify work to take care of increased sugar intake. Then, due to an excess of insulin, your blood sugar will become too low. In this case, your adrenal glands will release adrenaline to mobilize glycogen stores in the liver. Adrenaline also stimulates a sharp increase in heart rate and a sense of panic.
Adjust your diet to your metabolism. People with a fast metabolism should eat more protein foods. It takes more time to digest protein foods, and this helps prevent too low blood sugar levels. When blood sugar falls, it involves the process described above.
Relax. The interrelation of atrial paroxysmal tachycardia with such features of individuals as a tendency to pedantry, a desire to move upward, orienting to external success is known. Basically these are the same people who suffer from migraines, for people of this type, the mechanisms of cardiac conduction become abnormally expanded. This is due to chronic overstimulation with adrenaline. When people are under severe stress, the autonomic conduction of the heart fails, and the rhythm is lost.
How to compensate? Learn a progressive relaxation program, practice biofeedback, or learn to imagine serenity, relaxation, calmness and peace in your imagination.
Take a trace element magnesium. Magnesium is a cell protector. In the muscle cells of the heart, magnesium helps regulate the effects of calcium. When calcium enters the cell, it stimulates muscle contractions inside the cell itself. Magnesium is most important for the enzymes in the cell that push calcium. This creates a rhythmic contraction and relaxation, which makes the heart more resistant to arousal. Magnesium is found in foods such as soybeans, nuts, beans, and bran.
Maintain potassium. Potassium is another trace element that helps slow down the heart and the excitability of muscle fibers. This trace element is found in vegetables and fruits, so getting it in sufficient quantity is not difficult. But you can deplete its reserves if your diet contains a lot of sodium or if you take diuretics (diuretics) or abuse laxatives.
Do the exercises. “You can achieve a lot if you exercise, when you do exercises that increase your heart rate, the number of heartbeats then tends to return to a lower level. For people who do not exercise, the heart rate is usually about 80. When they start to jog a little, their heart rate rises to 160, 170. Then, after some exercise, the heart rate at rest can reach 60-65. Exercise also increases your resistance to the release of excess adrenaline, he says. “And that will reduce your irritability.”
Listen, we don’t want to scare you! But if your heart behaves incorrectly, go to the doctor – quickly. Only a cardiologist and an arrhythmologist can distinguish paroxysmal atrial premature beats from more serious forms of cardiac arrhythmia.
An example of a more serious type of arrhythmia is ventricular tachycardia. This is when one ventricle begins to beat rapidly in a slightly irregular rhythm. (The ventricle is a heart chamber that pumps blood back into the arteries.) The amount of blood returned by the heart to the arteries can decrease significantly, you feel weak, sweating, and you can even faint.
Ventricular fibrillation, which is sometimes a complication of ventricular tachycardia, is usually fatal. That is why we cannot but emphasize the importance of immediately visiting a doctor with any abnormal heart rhythm.
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How to calm the heartbeat at home?
To calm the heartbeat, people resort to various methods: traditional (medicamentous) and nontraditional (folk). The increased heart rate is one of the main symptoms of the disease of tachycardia, so it is extremely important to fight with this condition. Ignoring and denying therapy will cause aggravations and negative health effects.
Causes of condition
Heart rate is directly dependent on the emotional state of a person. Under stress or nervous shock, heartbeat quickens, and this is normal. If the attacks of a strong heartbeat are repeated in a calm state and last from 5 minutes to 2 hours, this indicates the development of tachycardia. The main causes of increased heart rate in humans:
- hormonal disorders;
- endocrine diseases;
- the presence of infections, which increases body temperature and heart rate;
- excessive use of alcohol, drugs;
- the period of gestation in women;
- severe sleep disturbance;
- chronic fatigue;
- VSD of different types;
- enhanced and unsustainable physical labor;
- fluctuations in blood pressure (decrease / increase);
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- lack of vitamins and nutrients in the body;
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Heart palpitations have a different name – arrhythmia. Accompanied by this disease the following symptoms:
- shortness of breath and intermittent breathing;
- increased sweating;
- urging to vomit;
- panic fear;
- feeling like a heart beating.
If the symptoms recur repeatedly and it is rather difficult to slow down or relieve them, you should immediately consult a doctor (general practitioner or cardiologist). It is very important to exclude dangerous diseases (thyroid abnormalities and tachycardia) that cause heart palpitations. For this, a person passes the necessary tests and undergoes a comprehensive examination.
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First aid at home to calm the heartbeat
Heartbeat can be reassured in various ways, most importantly competently and without harm.
To reduce the frequent heartbeat, first aid measures are taken. This is done in any case, despite the cause that provoked it. First aid can be provided independently or by a close person who is nearby. All actions are carried out until the arrival of an ambulance or the arrival of a doctor. Auxiliary activities include:
- Proper breathing. Take a deep breath, stop breathing for 5-7 seconds. Next, slowly exhale the air that has accumulated in the mouth.
- Self massage. Massaging the carotid artery with your fingers. It is located under the lower jaw on the right side.
- Water treatments for the face. You need to wash with cold water or apply a wet compress on the forehead.
- Forcing vomiting. You can press on the tongue (at the base) with a small spoon or fingers. This technique will help make the heartbeat more moderate.
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How to control?
If medical examinations did not reveal any abnormalities with regards to the heart and thyroid gland, and secondary factors became the cause of heart palpitations, you should follow simple recommendations:
- To refuse a bad habit of smoking, to supervise or at all to stop the use of alcoholic beverages.
- Remove from the diet caffeinated beverages and coffee.
- Alternate work and rest, do not overwork. When a person regulates the mode of work and rest, you can easily bring down elevated blood pressure, and remove the other manifestations of heart palpitations.
- Perform daily breathing exercises or engage in meditation, learn to quickly relax.
- Regularly measure blood pressure and probe pulse.
- Periodically undergo medical examinations, donate blood for analysis.
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Every family should have a minimum stock of medicines to help at home.
Invaluable help at home is provided by medications that can reduce the heart rate. They are appointed strictly by the attending physician, unauthorized admission is prohibited. Before the ambulance arrives, you can drink one of the following medications:
These drugs are used to relieve symptoms of tachycardia in the form of heart palpitations, can cope with the symptom, regulate the pulse, and reduce high blood pressure. EIf a person is diagnosed with tachycardia, he will be sent for treatment to the inpatient department of cardiology, where he will be under medical supervision for a certain time.
Alternative medicine is successfully used to treat a tachycardic attack in the form of rapid heartbeat. The most effective of them are presented in the table:
Essential oils (mint, anise, clove)
In the event of an attack, inhale the vapors of oils using an aroma lamp or applying ether to a handkerchief
Spirit tinctures from motherwort, lemon balm and hawthorn
Combine all three tinctures, take from a mixture of 1 tbsp. l and mix with boiled water (1: 1), take in the prepared medicine with each attack of heart palpitations
In order to avoid exacerbations of tachycardia in the form of heart palpitations, it is important to regularly visit the doctor, undergo diagnostic examinations, to treat existing inflammations and illnesses. The main preventive measures aimed at preventing the appearance of an unpleasant symptom:
- Timely diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, thyroid problems, which contribute to the appearance of heart palpitations.
- Diet and proper nutrition. Properly chosen diet helps reduce the risk of tachycardia and its main symptom (heart palpitations). It is necessary to include in the daily diet drinks and products that contribute to the relief of an unpleasant symptom. It is necessary to limit the use of black coffee and tea, alcoholic beverages.
- Take vitamin complexes containing magnesium, calcium, potassium, iron and other beneficial substances. Due to the reception of these complexes, the body fights infections, the heartbeat normalizes.
- To live an active lifestyle. To make long walks, do jogging in the morning, do gymnastics and some simple sport (swimming, tennis, etc.). Fresh air has a beneficial effect on people, regardless of whether they are subject to rapid heartbeat or not.
It is possible to prevent heart palpitations, the main thing is to follow the preventive rules and not to ignore the existing ailments. If time to identify and treat the attacks of frequent heartbeat, you can reduce the number of exacerbations, and dangerous health effects, which then treat much more problematic.
How to calm a heartbeat
One of the causes of palpitations is electrolyte imbalance, the most important of which are magnesium, calcium, potassium, and sodium. Raising or lowering the level of these elements leads to irregular heartbeats. A blood or urine test will help the doctor determine the exact cause of your problems, he will give you specific recommendations to restore the balance of these substances. In most cases, the solution to this problem is to change your diet and receive vitamins. For example, to restore calcium levels, you must eat beans, dairy products, oatmeal, and
To calm the heartbeat, it is important to drink plenty of water. Dehydration only exacerbates the situation. Most foods that you consume daily already contain a lot of moisture. However, water must be drunk in the usual way. Try to drink at least 8 cups of water a day.
A good way to immediately deal with a strong heartbeat is the Valsalva maneuver. To perform it, close your mouth and hold your nose, then try to exhale, creating tension in the body. Such actions will lead to a rapid jump in the rhythm of the heart, followed by its sedation. However, to perform such actions is not recommended for people with heart disease, the elderly, as well as currently suffering from colds.
Splashes of cold water can calm the heart through the effects on the nervous system. If you feel panic and heart palpitations, try splashing yourself with cold water. You will feel a sharp tension in your body and breathing, which in turn will soothe your heart. You can also use the cold shower.
A natural way to slow the pulse and heartbeat is deep and slow breathing. In addition, this exercise helps to deal with anxiety and panic attacks, which cause problems with heartbeat. However, in some cases, focusing on your breathing can be difficult, this exercise becomes ineffective.
Heart palpitations can be caused by taking certain medications. Such drugs can be: drugs for asthma, drugs for allergies, drugs containing ephedra and
The cause of increased heartbeat can also be tachycardia. Its treatment is made by various antiarrhythmic drugs, which are used intravenously. Most often used for this Lidocaine. If this drug does not help, Aymalin, Novocainamide, and similar drugs may be prescribed. Tachycardia may also require surgery, most often minimally invasive surgery is used.