Inflammation of the bladder (or cystitis) is an extremely painful disease associated with the presence of prolonged pain and urination problems. However, this is not all the charms of this pathology. After all, cystitis often leads to the development of more severe diseases of the urinary system. Therefore, in the event of the slightest symptoms of this disease, you should immediately contact a urologist.
According to statistics, the beautiful half of humanity is faced with this problem more often. Accordingly, with questions about how and how to treat inflammation of the bladder, it is they who turn to the specialists in this field of medicine. The fact is that the structure of the female urethra practically does not prevent various infectious agents from entering there, especially if the necessary hygienic standards are not observed.
Causes of Bladder Inflammation
The most common cause of the development of the inflammatory process in the bladder is infection, which is represented by such microorganisms as E. coli, staphylococcus and
The most common causes of cystitis include:
- Decreased human immunity after a recent infectious or bacterial disease;
- Poor intimate hygiene;
- Allergic reactions;
- Instrumental examinations of the urethra and (or) the bladder.
Symptoms of inflammation of the bladder
The main symptoms of cystitis include:
- Pain in the bladder, worse at the end of urination;
- Impaired urination Urine is excreted in small portions, which is also accompanied by cutting pain;
- Blood impurities in the urine.
As a rule, inflammation of the bladder is not accompanied by fever and severe malaise. If such symptoms do appear, it indicates the development of one of the complications, acute pyelonephritis. Quite often, such situations occur in children, especially girls.
Therefore, if there are suspicions associated with the development of cystitis, you need as soon as possible to contact a specialist for diagnosis and the appointment of adequate treatment. A routine examination involves the following procedures:
- Taking urine and blood tests;
- Ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder;
- Blood for sugar;
With this pathology, it is strictly forbidden to engage in self-treatment, since therapy involves the use of antibiotics. And in each case they must be chosen strictly individually and only by a doctor.
How to treat bladder inflammation?
The first thing that needs to be done is to comply with the regimen: the first couple of days you need to be in a dry and warm room, so as not to provoke the progression of the infection by accidental hypothermia.
In addition, it is temporarily recommended to exclude alcoholic beverages, coffee, sour fruits, spicy and spicy foods from the diet. These restrictions will prevent the release of certain substances that can irritate the inflamed mucous membrane of the urinary tract.
You should also consume as much liquid as possible (cranberry juice, compote, chamomile or kidney tea, mineral water without gases).
The doctor usually prescribed antibiotics or antiseptics. Drugs of choice in this pathology – fluoroquinolones (Norfloxacin, Ciprofloxacin). Especially carefully you need to take antibiotic therapy during pregnancy or lactation of a woman
The course of antibiotic therapy should always be completed in full, since otherwise the resistance of the microorganisms to the preparation used may well develop and its use will not be effective in the future.
It is not recommended to treat heat inflammation of the bladder. This can trigger the rapid spread of the inflammatory process.
After completion of treatment, it is imperative to pass control tests to ensure its effectiveness and timeliness.
After a person has suffered an inflammation of the bladder, he should especially closely monitor his health in order to avoid the recurrence of the disease. To do this, it is recommended to avoid any hypothermia, maintain a healthy lifestyle and be regularly examined by a urologist or gynecologist.