One of the most important indicators of the state of the human body is blood pressure. It has much to say about the work of the cardiovascular system and health in general. With age, the human body is amenable to change, and, accordingly, indicators of the norm of pressure in 20 years will differ from those in 60. Older people, especially women, should follow the changes in indicators in order to prevent serious diseases of the cardiovascular system.
What is blood pressure
The heart works like a pump, constantly pushing out portions of blood so that it flows through the vessels to all organs. Blood pressure is the force with which blood pushes against the walls of blood vessels, and blood vessels confront this force. In order to measure blood pressure, you need to know two indicators:
- The upper (systolic) falls on the walls of blood vessels during cardiac contraction at the time of ejection of blood. As a rule, the normal upper limit should be in the range of 110-130 millimeters of mercury, and for women 60 years, the allowable value is 145 mm. Hg Art.
- The lower (diastolic) is an indicator of the relaxation of the heart muscle, the norm of which is 80 mm. Hg Art., and for women after 60 years are allowed to exceed 85-90 mm. Hg Art.
- There is also an indicator called pulse pressure. Its value is the difference between systolic and diastolic, and normally ranges from 30 to 40 units.
Pulse rate is a significant indicator in assessing the work of the heart. Calculations are an integral part …
Deviations of pressure values from the norm can occur for various reasons. This is not always associated with pathological phenomena. Even at different times of the day, blood pressure indicators may be different. Some causes of abnormalities:
- stress, anxiety;
- abuse of strong coffee and tea;
- alcohol use, smoking;
- increased physical activity;
- the abuse of fatty, salty foods;
- endocrine disorders;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- internal bleeding;
- taking certain medications;
- genetic predisposition;
- individual characteristics.
For some people, a deviation from the generally accepted norm may be quite normal. So, for those who are actively involved in sports, the best indicator will be slightly higher than the norm. People who are overweight will also observe indicators that differ from those generally accepted in a big way. On the other hand, asthenic physique and a sedentary lifestyle cause low blood pressure.
Indicators in the normal range for women after 60 years
With age, blood pressure rises. This is due to the changes that the body undergoes, in particular the cardiovascular system. After 60 years, women decrease the level of the hormone estrogen, which throughout the entire fertile period has prevented the accumulation of cholesterol and the formation of plaques in the vessels. This significantly increases the risk of the formation of cardiovascular pathologies.
Table – the rate of human pressure in 60 – 65 years
Women over 60 can feel good at 144/85 pressure, as this indicator is considered normal by age. If the excess of this mark is accompanied by poor health, it is necessary to seek the help of a specialist.
Pulse rate is a significant indicator in assessing the work of the heart. Calculations are integral …
At this age, women are much more likely than men to suffer from arterial hypertension and atherosclerosis, so it is very important to monitor the performance. To do this, you need to be able to use a tonometer and monitor: measure pressure several times throughout the day and enter data in a diary, while noting overall health, pulse rate, accompanying factors, physical activity. Such control will help the doctor in the appointment of therapy for the adjustment of blood pressure, in order to avoid stroke or infarction conditions.
Danger of reduced pressure
Low blood pressure is often an indication that the blood moves slowly through the vessels, thereby poorly supplying the organs with oxygen. Low pressure in women over 60 can be considered if the tonometer shows a value of 100/60 or 90/50, and weakness, dizziness, and weakness are characteristic of the general condition.
Low rates represent a certain danger, because the brain does not receive enough oxygen due to weak blood flow, oxygen starvation occurs. Because of this, people after 60 years often feel constant cold in the limbs, because due to poor circulation, blood does not flow well to these parts of the body.
For lowering blood pressure there may be various reasons, not necessarily associated with pathological abnormalities, among which note prolonged bed rest, a sharp rise from a horizontal position, fever, increased physical activity. However, in women after 60 years, most often this condition is associated with the following reasons:
- pathology of the cardiovascular system;
- neurological diseases;
- internal or external bleeding;
- taking certain medications, including antidepressants, painkillers, etc.
High Pressure Hazard
Despite the fact that with age, elevated rates are considered the norm, high marks on the tonometer, which can reach 200/140, are very dangerous. Such a deviation from the norm in women after 60 years of age indicates the presence of hypertension. In this case, the heart with great force pushes the blood, which excessively affects the walls of blood vessels, increasing the pressure in the arteries. At the same time, the general condition is characterized by weakness, pressing headache, rush of blood to the head, dizziness, the appearance of flies before the eyes.
Iron-containing blood protein in the composition of red blood cells performs the transport function, attaching and delivering to the cells …
In women after 60, hypertension occurs very often, which is associated with the peculiarities of age-related changes, genetic predisposition and lifestyle. As a rule, it is the lifestyle that plays a big role in the acquisition of age-related diseases. To avoid them, you should follow these rules:
- avoid stressful situations and emotional stress;
- eliminate bad habits: alcohol, smoking;
- add to the mode of the day moderate physical activity;
- correct nutrition: eliminate fatty, too salty foods;
- prevent the appearance of excess weight.
With increased pressure, it is very important to consult a doctor in time, who will accurately determine the cause of the abnormality, as well as prescribe the optimal treatment, aimed not only at correcting blood pressure, but also at eliminating the underlying cause.
Opinion of doctors
Unfortunately, with age, the human body wears out, and almost always older people, especially women, become patients of cardiologists. The main factors affecting the work of the cardiovascular system after 60 are lifestyle and genetic features. If it is extremely difficult to fight the latter, a healthy lifestyle will help to avoid many diseases. No matter how trite the phrase may sound, it is much easier to prevent diseases than to treat them. Proper nutrition reduces the risk of increasing cholesterol, eliminates the appearance of overweight, which favorably affects the quality of blood vessels and contributes to normal blood flow. Bad habits not only adversely affect the work of the organs of all systems, but also reduce stress resistance, and this is one of the main protective factors.
As a rule, with age, the human body undergoes changes. Even an indicator of blood pressure standards after 60 years is higher than at a younger age.
Neglect of health in youth can adversely affect the state of the body after a certain number of years.
A healthy lifestyle without stress and feelings, with moderate physical exertion and exposure to fresh air, should be the main habit in order to go to hospitals as little as possible after 60 years and enjoy life as often as possible.