The tonsils, or glands, are lymphoid tissues that perform a protective function. They contain lymphocytes in large quantities, which does not allow harmful microorganisms to enter the body through inhalation of air.
The glands are located in the pharyngeal-palatine inner part of the throat on both sides of the tongue, forming a pharyngeal ring. Normally, they resemble acorns or pink almond grains. When inflammation occurs, the tonsils are modified.
Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of tonsil inflammation in children
The glands are the first protective barrier of the body, since harmful microorganisms first of all come into contact with them, penetrating from the mouth and nose. As a result, the glands can become inflamed. The clinical picture of inflammation in children and adults is almost the same.
Upon careful inspection, the following pathological changes can be observed:
- The color of the glands of pink becomes bright red;
- There is an increase in size, with prolonged inflammation – significantly. The structure becomes loose, cicatricial adhesions may form between the palatine arches and the tonsils;
- Sometimes there is a yellowish-white bloom, purulent plugs with an unpleasant odor;
- Enlarged cervical and submandibular lymph nodes;
- Common cold symptoms occur. In the first place – weakness, aches in the whole body, malaise, headache and throat pain, fever.
The medical name for gland disease is tonsillitis. This disease can be both acute and chronic.
The peak incidence falls on the cold season, while children under 3 years of age are mostly exposed to the viral form of infection (ARVI, influenza, rhinovirus, coronavirus, etc.), and older ones – bacterial (others streptococcal). This is due to the immature immune system in babies.
Tonsillitis is easily confused with colds, so you should contact a qualified doctor for a differential diagnosis. A doctor should be visited when the above symptoms appear, as well as with bad and uneven breathing, painful coughing; sore throat that makes it difficult to swallow; bad dream; when fever lasts longer than 3 days.
These symptoms may indicate not only tonsillitis, but also many other diseases. If the condition of the baby is very bad, call an ambulance. Only an experienced specialist can find out what caused the inflammation (viral or bacterial infection) and, accordingly, prescribe the correct treatment.
Acute and chronic inflammation of the tonsils: causes of tonsillitis in a child
Acute tonsillitis is a sore throat (catarrhal, follicular, lacunar), which is provoked by B-hemolytic streptococci of group A, less commonly by staphylococcus. Chronic tonsillitis is a focal infection that develops against the background of other pathologies, for example, after sore throat, scarlet fever, measles, etc. It is caused by beta-hemolytic streptococci.
The main causes of inflammation of the tonsils in children:
- infected people and household items;
- focal inflammations of the nasopharynx, paranasal sinuses, dental caries, purulent sinusitis, etc .; hypothermia; harmful living conditions (ex. dustiness of air, pollution);
- poor / untimely nutrition, vitamin deficiency and other beneficial substances, use of polluted water;
- burdened heredity;
- weak immunity, low body resistance.
It is worth noting that the inflammation of the tonsils is a fairly common disease among children of different ages, which, as a rule, can be easily eliminated with the help of an adequately selected therapy. However, it can lead to serious complications in the absence of therapy or inappropriate treatment.
Complications of tonsillitis include impaired myocardial function, joint inflammation (arthrosis, arthritis), renal pathology (eg nephritis, glomerulonephritis), skin diseases (eg eczema, psoriasis). In order to prevent such serious illnesses, it is necessary at the first warning signs to turn to a good pediatrician or otolaryngologist.
Treatment of tonsil inflammation in children at home
There are several methods of dealing with the disease: conservative and operational. If we talk about conservative, then first of all it is necessary to ensure that the child adheres to bed rest. Increased temperature churn antipyretics and plentiful warm drink.
If the baby is already old enough to gargle independently, then different means are used for this, for example, a solution of soda and salt (1 tsp each product per cup of boiled water, you can add a drop of iodine). The acute form of the disease requires the use of broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs, but only on prescription and in a strict dosage.
ATTENTION! You can not pick up antibiotics on their own, as it is possible to significantly aggravate the situation.
In case of severe infection, hospitalization may be required, you should not refuse it.
In particular, inpatient conditions require the placement of children under the age of 3 years.
Young children with acute inflammation are particularly in need of medical supervision.
Previously, in acute tonsillitis, tonsil removal was practiced (operative method). Now it is practically not used, but may resort when conservative options are ineffective. In addition, when the doctor offers to remove the tonsils, parents should be aware that there are innovative surgical procedures, for example, using a laser or liquid nitrogen.
How and what to treat inflammation of the tonsils?
There are several options, each of which has its own characteristics. Therapy is selected depending on the severity of the disease.
As for medicines, most often the doctor prescribes antibacterial drugs, an antibiotic of the penicillin group. Usually these are used for lacunar and follicular form of angina. Less commonly, those are prescribed for catarrhal inflammation. These drugs include amoxicillin and ampicillin. If a child has an individual intolerance to these agents, then doxycycline or cephalexin is prescribed.
In severe cases, antibiotics may be prescribed intramuscularly, that is, in the form of injections. Injections are usually necessary when complications develop. The course of injections lasts from 7 to 10 days. If there is an allergic reaction to antibiotics, they can prescribe antibacterial agents in the form of aerosols, for example, Ingalipt, Hexasprey. If you are hypersensitive, you can use lozenges, for example, Faringosept, Strepsils and similar.
It is worth noting that tetracyclines and sulfa drugs are ineffective, so the treatment of inflammation of the tonsils they are not carried out.
It is recommended to rinse the throat several times a day, mostly 3-4, always after a meal. To do this, you can use drugs (pr. Chlorophyllipt, furatsilin) or popular recipes. In addition, the doctor may prescribe a complex of vitamins to maintain the immune system of the body and a speedy recovery.
How to treat inflammation of the glands folk remedies?
Home remedies include various extracts and decoctions for rinsing, based on medicinal plants. Those effectively eliminate pain and clear the pharynx mucosa from purulent plaque.
It is recommended to use tools based on sage, chamomile, propolis, elecampane and clover.
Infusions and decoctions can be used not only for rinsing, but also to drink instead of tea. The composition of those you can add honey, lemons, milk. For example, children are recommended to give aloe juice with honey once a day after sleep (diluted in equal proportions).
Well complements the complex treatment of jelly or compote of wild rose berries, raspberry, elderberry or currant.
An excellent natural anti-inflammatory agent is beet juice. It can be drunk and used for rinsing, adding 1 tbsp. l diluted in water vinegar.
However, we must remember that folk remedies that can be used at home are not the main method of treatment. They may be auxiliary, but they will not replace antibiotics and other medical drugs.