Blood pressure is an extraordinarily important factor. This is a litmus test of the state of the heart and blood vessels, evidence of their performance, as well as the speed of blood flow. On the one hand, blood pressure is influenced by the force with which the heart muscle contracts, and on the other, by the resistance of the vessel walls. For a long and healthy life, it is necessary to keep these indicators normal. At the same time, when, in adulthood, people are confronted with pathology in this area, few people realize that all their problems very often originate from childhood. What was the pressure of a 12 year old child? The rate for an adult is sometimes determined by the processes experienced during adolescence.
Age factor and blood pressure
Pressure – an indicator very unstable and strongly dependent, including on age. For example, after 50 years, you can feel quite healthy, having a pressure of 150/90. This increase is considered physiological, it reflects the loss of elasticity of large vessels.
Conversely, the normal pressure of a child of 12 years may be lowered. This is the norm, and it is due to:
- high elasticity of blood vessels;
- their excellent passability;
- widely branched capillary mesh.
However, after a very short period of time, one can observe the so-called “teenage hypertension”, which is also the physiological norm and is explained by the enhanced work of the heart.
All of these changes are completely asymptomatic and are usually noticed by chance during medical scheduled examinations. With the gradual maturation of the child, the pressure normalizes without special treatment. It happens in the age of twenty.
Thus, the pressure of a child of 12 years (the norm) is unstable. Sometimes adolescent abnormalities in blood pressure are a precursor of future vascular problems in their adult life. That is why the variable pressure in adolescents should be monitored until a certain age, when the diagnosis can either be removed or confirmed as pathology.
Lowering blood pressure at puberty
Often, adolescents complain of fatigue, sweating in the area of the armpits and palms, a pulsating headache, for example, when getting up from bed in the morning, dizziness. In this case, the pressure is sometimes 90/50 and even lower, the pulse is rare. These signs can be a signal of a serious disease, but can be the usual manifestations of age-related features.
Is it necessary to decrease the pressure in a 12 year old child? The norm for this phenomenon is absent, but it happens quite often.
It is dangerous to use “invigorating” caffeine for children, it is better to have a good sleep, although it is optimal not to self-medicate, but to visit the doctor’s office.
To establish trouble in time, it is good to have a blood pressure monitor in the house and learn how to measure pressure correctly. It is better not to use an electrical device for this – it does not always give correct results.
It is not always associated with the disease. At this age, the body is preparing for hormonal adjustment, and therefore increases its sensitivity to everything: to the weather, physical overload (even climbing stairs), emotional factors and other stimuli.
Usually in such cases, the upper, systolic pressure rises, and it quickly returns to normal after the cancellation of the provoking cause. In such cases, enough rest, lie down, calm down.
If the pressure in a teenager of 12 years is often disturbed, moreover, this phenomenon is accompanied by headache, weakness, tinnitus, then an urgent consultation with a specialist is necessary. In some cases, even at the age of 12, hypertension can be diagnosed.
This child is prescribed to comply with the regime, eliminate stress, exercise, move a lot, especially in the fresh air, be sure to remove excess weight, for a while completely eliminate salt.
How to determine the normal pressure of a child 12 years
The correct answer will be 120/70. Sometimes the bottom number is 80, which is also considered the norm. Boys average is always lower than girls, but as they grow older, this difference disappears.
Low pressure in adolescence may indicate a weakening of the body, fatigue, lack of sleep. Sometimes it is accompanied by dizziness.
What pressure in 12 years is considered to be elevated? Most often it is expressed by the numbers 130/80. The reason may be stress, hypodynamia, excess of the norm of body weight, abuse of salty foods. Sometimes the pressure rises during puberty due to hormonal imbalance.
What should be the pressure of a child 12 years old? Its rate is determined by a special formula. To get the upper figure, you need to add the age of the child multiplied by 80 to 80 (90). The bottom figure is 2/3 of the top value. In our version: 80 (90) + 24 = 104 (114) is the upper digit, and 104 (114): 3 = 70 (75) is the lower.
Non-physiological causes of abnormality
Not always adolescent deviations in the figures of blood pressure can be explained physiologically. Sometimes it is a sign of a serious illness. Studies of doctors conducted throughout the day, recorded that the pressure in adolescents jumped at least in 30% of all surveyed. This figure is almost the standard among adults. It is recommended from time to time one to two weeks to make regular measurements of the pressure of the child, so as not to miss the occurrence of the disease. Detection of a persistent increase in blood pressure of more than 135 units is a reason for referring to a pediatrician. Increased pressure in a teenager of 12 years may indicate kidney disease (for example, narrowing of the renal artery), heart, or endocrine disorders. Even primary hypertension must be corrected by a doctor – it does not always “outgrow itself”, it may turn into a chronic disease.
Basic recommendations for parents
First of all it is necessary:
- adjust the mode of the day of the child, especially the alternation of loads;
- to establish a normal sleep (from eight to nine hours);
- make time for two to three hours daily walks;
- ensure regular exercise without stress;
- limit sweet, flour and fatty;
- minimize salt intake.
- eat lean protein daily;
- various cereals;
- foods rich in potassium and magnesium (beans, cucumbers, currants, apricots, zucchini);
- very useful rosehip tea.