So that we can know this world, we must take care of the health of our ears.
Everything in our body is interconnected. From the health of the internal organs significantly depends on the health of the ears and vice versa.
Otitis – inflammation of the ears – is one of the most pressing diseases today. This ailment does not occur at any particular time of the year, although we note that autumn-winter time is most popular for otitis symptoms.
In the summer, too, when it is hot, many patients are treated with otitis due to water entering the ear canal from ponds and reservoirs. The otolaryngologists even came up with such a phrase as “swimmer’s ear”. Even external otitis cause such diseases as sore throat, tonsillitis, rhinitis, colds. In this case, the external part of the auricle is inflamed, of the auditory meatus, an abscess or furuncle appears.
The external form of otitis needs to be tackled without fail, since the local process of inflammation, with redness and swelling of the external ear, may lead to a further inflammatory process in the middle ear region.
Causes of otitis media and risk factors
The main causes of otitis media in adults, as well as provoking factors are the following:
- lack of immunity.
- malnutrition, for example, vitamin A deficiency.
- structural and anatomical features of the ear.
- bacterial and viral infections: streptococci, haemophilus bacilli, moraxella, rhinoviruses, adenoviruses, influenza viruses.
- bronchial asthma and rhinitis.
- diseases of the nose, sinuses, throat, nasal septum bias.
Triggers can be epidemics, stress, and hypothermia.
Our ears consist of two parts: central and peripheral. The peripheral is the outer, inner and middle ear; central part – the nerve fibers that create conductive paths, ending in the cerebral cortex and temples.
The outer part of the ear is represented by the auricle and the ear canal. Between the middle and outer ear is the eardrum. In young children up to two months, the membrane is located almost horizontally.
The middle ear consists of three components: the tympanic cavity, the Eustachian tube and the cave with cells of the mastoid process. The tympanic cavity is a hammer, anvil and stirrup, together transmitting sounds from the eardrum to the inner ear.
The inner ear is located deep in the temporal bone. It consists of a cochlea, semicircular canals with special apparatus, perceiving sounds and nerve cells.
Symptoms of otitis in adults
The clinical symptoms will differ depending on the form of otitis.
Suspect development first otitis symptoms in adults it is possible according to the classic picture of the disease, which is characterized by such signs:
- shooting pains in the ear, stuffiness, discomfort. Babies cry when they increase their pain, because they cannot otherwise express painful sensations.
- rupture of the eardrum and suppuration (with otitis media).
- elevated body temperature.
With chronic otitis media The following symptoms occur: hearing loss, periodic appearance of pus from the ear, sometimes tinnitus or dizziness. Soreness occurs only during an exacerbation of the disease, sometimes hyperthermia occurs. Often the patient does not feel suppuration, patients it does not often worry.
Purulent discharge for patients become normal. During surveys, these patients do not at all talk about ear disease. And with regard to hearing loss, which is not rarely observed, the patient can consult a doctor only in the case of a sufficiently strong decrease in hearing.
Symptoms internal otitis – severe and severe dizziness that appears a couple of weeks after the onset of an infectious disease. The attack is often associated with nausea and vomiting. Sometimes there is tinnitus and hearing loss.
If you have otitis symptoms, please consult a doctor. The otolaryngologist has a special toolkit – a reflector with light, allowing you to inspect the entire cavity of the ears. In addition, the ENT should examine the nose and throat, check the accuracy of hearing. If the picture is unclear, additional examination will be needed, in particular, x-rays, complete blood count.
Sometimes audiometry is conducted with additional research of air and bone conduction. When pus appears, it can be sent for immunological and microbiological examination.
Treatment of acute otitis in adults, begins with bed rest, as well as leaving the patient at rest. When testimony are prescribed antibiotics, in particular the most relevant of them:
- cefaclor and others.
Amoxicillin is recommended for most patients. It kills the main number of bacteria, pathogens of the disease, rarely causes allergic reactions and other side effects, is inexpensive. Often the treatment regimen lasts at least 7-10 days. It all depends on the severity of otitis. Also, doctors prescribe sulfonamides and in addition antihistamines.
As a topical treatment of otitis in adults, use warming compresses and heating pads. Effective physiotherapy – currents UHF and Solux. To reduce the pain in the affected ear, drops of 5% carbolic acid in glycerin are dripping, but they cannot be used if there is suppuration. Topical treatment with anti-inflammatory drops is also effective.
Vasoconstrictor preparations are instilled into the nose. If the treatment does not become effective, make a paracentesis. In order that pus normally leaves, it is recommended to provide its good outflow. When purulent discharge ceases, hearing should be checked, if necessary, pneumatic massage is used and a sick organ is blown off.
Treatment of acute otitis media at home
Treatment of chronic otitis
Otitis media – symptoms and treatment
Middle ear inflammation is otitis media. Secretory otitis of the middle ear occurs when fluid in the ear, appearing due to a cold or allergy, gets into the ear through the Eustachian tube.
Serous acute otitis occurs due to the ingress and development of bacterial and viral infections, when an additional fluid appears.
Acute purulent otitis appears due to accumulation of pus due to a bacterial infection. Otitis media of the chronic ear of the chronic form bothers the patient due to the persistent bacterial infection after adenoids (see how to treat adenoids) or the appearance of pathology in the Eustachian tube.
Due to rhinitis, inflammation spreads very easily from the nasopharynx to the ear. In this case, you can give the following advice: you can not blow your nose very much, because mucus from the nose through the auditory tube can get into the tympanic cavity, provoke otitis media. Also, the inflammatory process may occur after suffering the flu, diphtheria, scarlet fever, then the eardrum is destroyed.
Acute otitis media is able to bring patients a lot of discomfort and pain: there is pain, deep and penetrating, giving to the head, there is also noise in the diseased ear, body temperature rises. Perhaps the appearance of pus or turbid fluid from the patient’s ear. Most often, in acute otitis, complications such as hearing loss and reduced hearing quality occur. Chronic otitis of the middle ear is no less dangerous because it provokes hearing loss.
External otitis is the most inoffensive type of otitis, to put it this way. At the same time, the external passage is inflamed. Today, the disease is divided into 2 types of otitis – diffuse and limited.
Limited otitis media bothers the patient with boils in the external auditory canal, it appears in the form of an inflammatory process in the hair follicle. Visually, the furuncle is not visible from above, but the patient may suggest the presence of the disease because of the pain that was aggravated by chewing and touching the ear. After a certain number of days, the abscesses will burst, and the pain will decrease.
The diffuse external appearance of otitis is more complex as the inflammation penetrates completely into the ear canal. Such otitis can be allergic, bacterial or fungal. Often this type of otitis appears due to inflammation caused by GABHS – streptococcus.
A disease appears when bacteria or viruses enter the skin of the external auditory canal. The skin becomes hyperemic, edema appears, due to which the passage narrows. Often there is a translucent selection.
Treatment of otitis externa
In case of external otitis, the pharmacy drug Romazulan, which is perfectly suitable for rinsing the throat and washing the sore ear, helps. The medicine contains chamomile and its essential oil. The medicine seems to be created by mother nature for a speedy recovery!
If there is external otitis, patients are first recommended to get rid of a boil or boil. In addition to individual procedures, folk remedies are also assigned to patients. To boil recommend applying baked onions, as well as chopped plantain leaves. When the boil starts to go away, take a steam bath for the sore spot.
There is a recipe for warming up: boil water in the kettle. Cover the kettle with a towel, putting your ear to a warm pair, but at a distance of at least fifty centimeters. So, warm up your ear for 3 minutes, then cool your face with a cool, damp towel. Repeat these steps 7-10 times. Soreness in the ears, nose and throat should pass.
Effective natural drops of bay leaf decoction. It is easy to prepare the solution: take a deep or mug, pour a glass of water there, lower 5 bay leaves into the water, boil it. When you remove the mug from the stove, cover it up for a while. In the affected ear drop ten drops, drink a little solution inside. Do this procedure three times a few days in a row.
Inflammation of the inner ear or labyrinthitis is not the most common ailment, this disease is very difficult. By itself, internal otitis occurs rarely, much more often it occurs in the form of a complication of chronic or acute otitis media, appears after a serious illness, for example, tuberculosis, sometimes arises due to injury.
Bacteria enter the cochlea or the inner ear by different methods. With purulent otitis media through the middle ear, during meningitis – through the meninges, through the blood in a variety of infectious diseases.
In case of symptoms that are listed in the article, immediately contact the ENT.
Internal otitis is especially dangerous, the patient is often hospitalized, blood tests are performed, and an x-ray of the temporal sinuses is performed. Based on the complexity of the disease, they recommend antibiotics, drip injections of fluid, and sometimes surgery on the middle ear and on the maze.
Treatment of internal otitis
This disease is the most insidious. If you do not cope with otitis media, the inflammatory process will go on. The infection enters the inner ear with the bloodstream, inflammation spreads from the lining of the brain. The patient has an imbalance, hearing is reduced, and sometimes complete hearing loss is possible.
To cure otitis media in the inner ear, drink this infusion for 4 weeks. It should take four parts of flowers of calendula and grass series, two components of the herb yarrow and licorice, three parts of eucalyptus leaves. One tablespoon of the prepared mixture should be filled with boiling water with a quarter of a liter, insist it for 30 minutes, after which the tincture is drunk throughout the day.
We note an important point: these folk recipes are effective mainly in combination with traditional medicine, the treatment for each patient is individual.
Complications of otitis
Any ailment must be treated in time to avoid unpleasant consequences. Middle acute otitis is complicated by mastoiditis – inflammation of the mastoid process, sepsis. Cholestet – another difficult complication that destroys the temporal bone.
The most dangerous consequences of otitis can be brain abscess, meningitis, labyrinthitis, facial nerve paresis, and even deafness. Therefore, without fail, come to the doctor when the initial symptoms appear!
Which doctor to contact for treatment?
If, after reading the article, you assume that you have symptoms characteristic of this disease, then you should consult an ENT doctor.