Almost every patient after surgery itching seam. This can occur immediately after the intervention (at the end of the anesthesia), or after a few weeks, when a scar begins to form. This is a normal phenomenon, but here’s the catch: you cannot comb the seam, especially in the early days. And sometimes the usual discomfort turns into real torment. How and what to do in this case?
Why is it a scar, a seam, a scar after surgery?
Human skin has the ability to recover. This occurs through the formation of scar tissue, which causes itching. When a person is just scratched, the scar that forms over time is microscopic, but he still wants to scratch or touch the wound. With significant violations of the integrity of the skin, in particular, after surgery, the scar is larger and more noticeable, and therefore itching is stronger and more palpable. The process of regeneration of the skin and nerve endings is one of the reasons why the wound itches when it heals.
If the seams are already removed, but the wound continues to itch, the reason may lie in the thread left by chance. Fragments of suture materials eventually begin to rot and decompose, causing itching. This can be determined by a strong reddening of the skin around the scar or by developing inflammation in the form of a newly formed wound.
By the way! Itching and inflammation are provoked not only by the suture material, but also by particles of dirt and sweat. Therefore, it is necessary to observe hygiene, carefully care for the seams after surgery, adhering to the recommendations of the doctor regarding the used external preparations.
If the operation was more than 6 months ago, and the dense “old” scar formed at the suture site is scratched, then the reason may be in its dryness. The skin of old scars is quite thin and easily tightened, therefore it itches. This is especially evident in the cold season.
How to relieve and eliminate itching
This is possible, but it is important to do everything correctly so as not to infect the wound, not to cause bleeding and not to provoke inflammatory processes. Due to the nature of postoperative sutures, it is recommended to discuss any possible way to eliminate itching with a doctor.
Recently applied sutures, through which blood and ichor can still leak out, require particularly careful treatment. While the patient is in the hospital, it is better to contact the medical staff, who will tell you what to do, or suggest options for eliminating the itch. If you can’t wait for help (the person is discharged home), you can try to apply a cold compress.
Important! Compress is applied not to the wound itself, but to the adjacent skin. Otherwise, the integrity of the seams can be broken.
A sterile bandage must be laid between the compress and the skin. And if it is ice that tends to melt, then there is also a plastic bag so that water does not leak into the wound. Approximately on the fifth day after the operation, you can try to soothe the itch with a cold mint decoction, also wiping only the skin adjacent to the seam with a piece of sterile bandage. The same methods can be used to soothe the itching in the area of already formed scars.
Another way to eliminate itching is by stroking the adjacent skin. With fresh stitches, this is done with clean hands (fingers), and scars can be stroked, for example, with a cotton pad or a piece of bandage.
Types of drugs to eliminate itching from the seam
If the scar has long formed, but itches constantly and strongly, depriving you of peace and sleep, you need to resort to more serious methods, including both the use of medical devices and the advice of traditional medicine.
- Hormonal injections. They are made by a doctor according to certain indications (not only severe itching, but also an unaesthetic appearance of the scar).
- Absorbable ointment. Their second property is to soothe the itch. This, for example, Dermatiks, Kontraktubeks, Zeraderm Ultra.
- Homemade ointment of streptocid powder, any vegetable oil and heated beeswax (in equal proportions). Apply directly to the scar when it begins to itch.
- Application of household soap (72%). Thoroughly lather the scar and leave it for 2-3 hours. You can roll up a bandage, but if the scar is on an open area of the body, it is not necessary.
- It relieves itching and tea tree oil. You can smear them and the scar itself, and the skin around it.
If at hand none of the above is not, you can try any moisturizer. Because perhaps the scar itches because of dryness. The cream will help nourish the skin around the scar and eliminate the feeling of tightness and itching. Of course, fresh sutures (open wounds) cannot be smeared with creams without a doctor’s prescriptions.
Physiotherapy for the prevention of itching
Physiotherapy procedures are sometimes prescribed to patients who have seabed itching after surgery. But the goal of physiotherapy is not only to eliminate itching. It also contributes to the speedy recovery of the body as a whole and the improvement of the local areas of the body. In particular, the sessions have a positive effect on the healing of an itchy suture, disinfecting it and speeding up tissue regeneration.
From specific types of physiotherapy, phonophoresis (ultrasound plus drug therapy), microcurrents, magnetic currents are used to eliminate itching in the joints after operations. If the scar not only itches, but also spoils life with its ugly appearance (contrasting red, embossed, large), you can resort to the methods of laser surgery, namely, to polish the skin. This will evaporate fluid from the rumen along with dead cells, which also cause itching, and evens out the surface of the scar, making it less noticeable.
Doctors say that if the seam itches, it heals, so there’s absolutely nothing to worry about. Itching can be endured and, in extreme cases, use the simplest methods such as cold compresses and stroking the skin around the seam or scar. The main thing is not to comb the wound itself in order to avoid inflammation.