A person is called the mirror of the soul because of the unique ability to blush when the emotional state changes. Shame, feeling of embarrassment and embarrassment, signs of anger and irritation cause instant reddening of the face.
The face reddens from frost, heat, drunk tonic drinks, from spicy and spicy foods. Such redness is natural and is not a sign of the disease. The complexion is quickly restored with the elimination of irritating factors.
For some people, the tendency to redness is mild, others redden for any minor reason. And in some cases, the complexion remains red all the time, numerous small spider-like spots appear on it, spider veins, filamentary capillary veins become visible.
Why does the face redden?
The face is the most open area of the skin. The skin on it is not covered with any clothes or hair. To protect the surface of the face from external temperature effects, active thermoregulation occurs under the skin.
The entire subcutaneous layer is covered with thin blood vessels and capillaries, they are invisible to the naked eye, although they are under a thin layer of facial skin. These vessels expand or contract under the influence of micromycles, increasing or limiting blood flow to the surface. Thus, thermoregulation of the epidermis occurs.
With the expansion of blood vessels becomes visible through the skin. The thinner and softer the skin, the more pronounced the redness.
The excessive blood pressure caused by the emotional state also causes short-term dilation of blood vessels and redness of the skin. The individual characteristics of redness depend on the elasticity of the blood vessels, the effectiveness of the micromuscles and the thickness of the epidermis of the skin.
For various reasons, the work of the micromycles and the elasticity of the vessels may be impaired. In this case, the vessels do not contract and remain filled with blood. On the skin, this is manifested by the appearance of visible vascular nets, numerous spider-like points and filamentary capillary veins.
Why veins turn red and bloated
The disruption of the circulatory vascular system, causing varicose veins of the face, may be due to the following factors:
- congenital redness caused by congenital abnormalities of the blood vessels;
- age-related weakening of the walls of blood vessels and thinning of the skin;
- daily outdoor work;
- influence of cold, heat, spicy food, alcohol;
- some skin diseases (eg, lupus erythematosus) can lead to abnormal reddening of the cheeks;
- dry skin helps to reduce the elasticity of blood vessels and their destruction.
Spider veins and spider veins, accumulation of point spider spots and multiple capillary filamentous lines on the face are not initially perceived as signs of the disease. They do not cause any concern other than aesthetic problems, but at the same time this manifestation is a consequence of three main factors:
- venous insufficiency;
- weakened blood vessel walls;
- thin dry skin.
The formation of broken capillaries usually does not occur for one reason only. The emergence of this problem is highly dependent on genetic predisposition, as well as on hormones, especially estrogen. It is this hormone that weakens the capillaries in such a way that they lose their elasticity and expand.
Vascular nets develop from venous insufficiency. The deficiency comes from the backflow of blood in the veins; pressure leads to damage to the walls of blood vessels. Prolonged inflammation, high blood pressure and obesity are the medical causes of venous insufficiency.
As for the mesh on the face, in this case the determinants of their formation include, among other things, prolonged exposure to sunlight and temperature fluctuations that interfere with the work of blood vessels.
Enlarged capillaries – the first signals
Enlarged veins on the face and legs have the same mechanism of formation. If for any reason, the vessels become fragile and lose their elasticity, then under the action of pressure, they remain expanded and visible through a thin layer of skin in the form of a thread of blue or red color.
The first signs that it is necessary to take preventive measures against the manifestation of venous disease of the face, is a rapid and persistent redness of the skin with the slightest exposure to temperature, hot drinks and emotional outbursts.
Of course, many factors, such as genetics, hormonal activity or congenital skin type, cannot be changed, but it is possible to eliminate other factors that cause problems associated with the cardiovascular system.
What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a skin disease of most adults, manifested in various forms and degrees of severity. The disease affects men and women to the same extent and usually occurs after forty years.
The disease can develop in stages:
- First stage – varicose veins and redness of the cheeks (couperosis, telangiectasia).
- Second phase – appearance of nodules and pustules (rosacea).
- Third stage – grease fouling, coarsened skin relief, ultimately, potato nose (rhinophyma) in men. Perhaps accompanying inflammation of the eyes, causing dryness and burning of the eyelids. Often accompanied by gastrointestinal upset.
Irritation of the skin due to inappropriate skin care products or cosmetics may cause or contribute to the development of the disease.
People with fair skin, blue eyes, red or blond hair are at particular risk. With the so-called Celtic skin type.
Risk factors for rosacea:
- excessive sun baths;
- caffeine intake;
- alcohol consumption;
- significant temperature fluctuations, for example, in the sauna;
- stress, considerable physical exertion, accompanied by sweating.
Rosacea treatment consists of several elements:
- Self-medication: patient initiative is important. If heat or cold worsens the condition of the skin, avoid them. As protection against cold in winter use petroleum jelly.
- Normalize blood pressure. Blood pressure drugs must be approved by your doctor.
- Tea, coffee, and alcohol consumption should be limited. (or excluded), alcohol and especially red wine often exacerbates the disease
- Effective needed Sun protection.
- Skin care should be soft, not irritating., with the use of moisturizers. It is better to wash with warm water using neutral soap.
- Stress situations should be avoided. and excessive physical exertion.
There are various medical cosmetic products that contain soothing ingredients and are designed specifically for patients with a diagnosis of rosacea. These include the following active ingredients:
- aloe vera;
- echinacea derivatives (echinacea);
- linseed oil or evening primrose oil;
There are not many hardware ways to get rid of rosacea.
Laser treatment, one of the most effective. This procedure acts directly on damaged veins and rosacea, which disappear under the heat of the laser. In addition, laser pulses, destroying diseased skin cells, stimulate the process of regeneration and skin renewal.
The second method of active rosacea removal, electrocoagulation. At the same time, damaged vessels are influenced by electrical impulses, cleaning and strengthening the walls of blood vessels.
This treatment is recommended for people with highly visible blood vessels. Depending on the condition of the skin, the number of sessions varies from 3 to 8, with an interval of fifteen days.
Perioral dermatitis or PDE
PDR is often called the “stewardess disease” because it is often found in young, well-groomed women. Perioral dermatitis manifests as redness, nodules on the skin, broken capillaries, often causing burning and itching, especially around the mouth, on the cheeks or around the eyelids.
Many researchers believe that the possible cause of the disease is based on the wrong treatment of particularly sensitive skin.
Intolerance or allergies to cosmetics or oral hygiene, too much makeup contribute to the development of the disease.
Also affected by hormonal causes and stress, intolerance to the light. Many doctors consider perioral dermatitis as a special form of rosacea.
Treatment of perioral dermatitis is always a difficult task and requires a lot of patience, full interaction between the patient and the doctor in order to find the cause and successfully carry out the treatment together.
The following treatment points are considered to be decisive:
- Intensive rest in the mountains or on the seashore is recommended;
- compresses with chilled green or black tea give a good effect;
- stress reduction, self-training and relaxation contribute to success;
- good results are achieved with naturopathic treatments, homeopathy and hypnotherapy;
- analysis of intestinal flora and microbiological therapy may be part of the treatment concept;
- avoid exposure to cold and heat;
- limit the consumption of tea and coffee, eliminate the consumption of alcohol and spicy foods;
- wash better with warm water using neutral soap;
- on the recommendation of the doctor to use such traditional medicines as Erythromycin or Tetracycline, Metronidazole, Permethrin;
- in very severe cases, use Diksocilin, Isotretinoin.
- laser treatment.
Nontraditional treatment of facial vascular diseases
In addition to the main methods of treatment of vascular diseases on the face, recently the following types of treatment are widely used:
- ozone therapy;
- beatek therapy;
- Chinese gymnastics;
- acupuncture for vascular strengthening.
How to protect your face
The complex of measures will allow to avoid many problems:
- first of all, avoid excessive sun exposure and always use protective creams;
- protect the face from strong winds, large temperature drops and high humidity;
- if there is a predisposition to the expansion of blood vessels, it is not recommended to visit the sauna and take a hot bath;
- avoid the use of skin-draining cosmetics;
- avoid alcohol, especially undesirable red wine;
- avoid scratching and other damage to the skin on the face.
In addition to the natural causes of the appearance of dilated veins on the face, related to the age and peculiarities of the body, when abnormal redness appears, the doctor can diagnose such serious diseases as rosacea, rosacea and perioral dermatitis.
Diagnosis of diseases leading to varicose veins on the face is made by external manifestations. Additionally, an analysis of skin microflora, a blood test, and a study of the status of blood vessels.