Why, during menstruation, does the stomach hurt and the loin worries? This question is often asked by women at a gynecologist’s appointment and answers will be given to this later.
Causes of pain during menstruation
During the menstrual period, many women say that the back and lower abdomen hurts and the reasons for such negative symptoms are as follows:
- First of all, lower abdomen and lower back may be due to hormonal imbalance – an increase in the hormone can provoke painful sensations.
- Contraction of the uterus is also one of the reasons why the lower back and lower abdomen hurts when menstruation occurs. It provokes a contraction of the uterus, an increase in the level of the hormone prostaglandin – depending on the level of elevation, the uterus will decrease or decrease, causing pain of different intensity.
- Diseases affecting the urogenital system of a woman are pathologies of the reproductive system that worsen during menstruation and give painful sensations during menstruation. More often, such symptoms are characteristic of the course of uterine fibrosis and endometriosis, inflammation, and so on.
- Deficiency in the body of macro and micronutrients – magnesium and calcium, which provoke painful sensations during menstruation.
- Genetic predisposition – if a grandmother or mother is painfully experienced during menstruation, then most likely both daughters and granddaughters will inherit this feature of the physiological process.
- Negative factors – stressful situations and impaired blood flow in the pelvic area, unhealthy diet and huge physical exertion, lifting weights. Adverse factors can be many – in each case, all circumstances are considered individually.
- The use of intrauterine contraceptive coils and other contraceptives. They can provoke copious, intense bleeding, and menstruation can last longer than usual, accompanied by severe pain.
- Violation of water-salt balance. Another cause of painful menstruation, when the urogenital system of a woman swells due to the pathological stagnation of fluid in the pelvic area. This causes pain in the lumbar region of the back and lower peritoneum.
In any case, the reasons that can provoke these types of pain can be both physiological and pathological, which indicate a certain negative process, diseases in the woman’s body. Do not practice self-medication, set yourself a diagnosis – if the pain is too intense, lasts more than 3 days – you should see a doctor and be examined by a gynecologist.
When to visit a doctor?
As you can see, if you have a stomach ache and lower back during menstruation, the phenomenon can be triggered by various causes, ranging from colds to oncology. In order to diagnose the problem in time and accurately diagnose, start treatment – it is worth knowing when it is necessary to visit a doctor.
If the body gives the following signals – you should definitely visit a gynecologist:
- Intense and prolonged pain in the lumbar region and abdomen, which manifests itself every menstruation.
- During the period of menstruation, body temperature increases unreasonably, fever and general weakness negatively show themselves.
- If taking painkillers does not help to relieve pain and at the same time any discharge from the genital organs has a non-characteristic color, consistency, marked by an unpleasant smell.
- The process of urination causes discomfort – it is a burning sensation, and pain, not completely emptied bladder.
- Strong burning sensation in the groin area.
Pain during menstruation is a signal of the body that negative processes take place in it, which should not be left without proper attention. Symptoms themselves in the form of intense pain in the lumbar region and lower abdomen during menstruation and beyond may indicate ectopic pregnancy and inflammation, infertility and other pathologies.
What can be done?
To relieve pain in the lumbar region and lower abdomen during menstruation, it is best for a woman to see a gynecologist, who will identify the cause and prescribe measures to eliminate it. But at home, a woman can take some measures to help cope with the pain syndrome.
- First of all, it is to take painkillers and to eliminate and relieve pain, you can use moderate heat – for example, a terry towel, a warm belt with which you can wrap or apply a warm water bottle, a cup of fragrant warm tea.
- Try to move in moderation – you should not sit or lie for days on the sofa or, on the contrary, burden yourself with excessive walking. Everything should be in moderation – it will help remove blood stasis in the pelvic organs and remove unpleasant symptoms in the form of pain.
- Eliminate all unfavorable factors – never super-cool or do not sit for hours in the heat, do not lift weights and minimize any physical activity, sports. Eat more vegetables and fruits, less harmful fast foods, fatty and fried, soda, which dehydrates and so on.
- Give your body a good rest and sleep, be able to relax – this will relieve the emotional and mental stress, will make it easier to survive menstruation and pain.
What else can a woman help herself at home?
- Every day you can massage the active points on the body, which will help relieve pain. They not only normalize the work of the whole organism, but also help to relieve pain, improve mood and relax. It will take time, and it is worthwhile to do massage regularly, but the effectiveness of it is greater than that of taking medication.
- You can practice a set of special exercises – they help relieve pain during menstruation, strengthen the lumbar and uterine muscles, which will help to stop the pain syndrome.
- Eliminate the use of alcohol – it helps to stop the pain for a while, but for a while and at the same time in the future it provokes abundant bleeding, leading to a large loss of blood and fluid, dehydration.
You can take funds from the arsenal of traditional medicine in the fight against pain in the lumbar region of the back and abdomen. The main thing is to first agree all the methods with the gynecologist.