The question of what to eat after the operation concerns most people. The operation is quite a lot of stress for the body. It is always associated with a violation of its integrity and may entail a number of unpleasant consequences. That is why it is very important to provide the body with support in the postoperative period. Proper nutrition is one of the easiest ways to recuperate and normalize metabolic processes in the body after surgery. In addition, the correct selection of products will help restore health in the shortest possible time.
Many patients in the period of recovery complain of dehydration, lack of vitamins, protein and minerals. That is why it is very important to fill these needs of the body.
What experts recommend to eat
The question of what to eat after the operation, which foods can be included in the diet, and which ones should be avoided, depends on the specific features of the intervention.
First of all, it must be borne in mind that the first 10 hours after surgery is to refrain from eating. It is very important to restore the water balance during these hours. That is why the patient after the operation must be given a lot of fluid.
The postoperative diet should necessarily include liquid or semi-liquid food, as well as soft dishes. This is due to the fact that in the postoperative period the capacity of the stomach decreases, so it is difficult for him to cope with heavy food.
It is best to include in the diet during this period such products:
Most foods that should be included in the diet should contain protein. The greatest amount of it:
- In fermented milk products;
- In dietary meat;
- In the fish.
It is best to start eating gradually, dividing it into several stages:
- Drinking. This stage lasts from 1 to 3 days. His whole point is to saturate the body with enough water that was lost during the operation. During this period, the basis of nutrition should be enriched with vitamins, liquid food. For example, broth or yogurt.
- Soft. This stage can last quite long from 3 to 5 days. It is based on soft, mushy dishes. The need for this stage is due to the fact that after the operation the body absorbs less nutrients.
- Lean. If the two previous stages were successful, you can add solid food to the diet. But it is necessary to take into account that it should be lean, as the body can not cope with fatty foods during this period.
How to form a diet
The formation of the diet in the postoperative period should be given special attention. The first step is to set the fluid rate.
The patient needs to drink at least 1.5 liters of fluid every day.
It is necessary to drink before meals, since drinking liquid after it may provoke the appearance of heaviness in the stomach.
Alcohol for the entire recovery period will have to be abandoned.
The second step is to determine the place of vegetables in the daily menu.
Every day in the diet should include fresh wax. However, it is necessary to take into account that during this period it is necessary to refrain from eating so-called heavy vegetables. These include: cabbage, radishes.
Thirdly, you need to optimize the amount of fat in the diet.
In the postoperative period, so-called hidden fats should be avoided. These are the fats on which food is prepared, for example, margarine. It is also worth limiting the consumption of animal fats. Vegetable fats and fish oils can be consumed in medium quantities.
Dairy products should be selected with low fat content. Preference is also given to lean meat. It is best to eat meat boiled.
In the fourth place, you need to pay attention to the presence of vitamins. Food in the postoperative period must be rich in vitamins. In the event that they are not enough, you should think about taking special vitamin complexes.
What it is worth refraining during this period
Proper nutrition contributes to recovery and is one of the main conditions that should be followed to speed up recovery.
It is best to abstain from the use during the postoperative period:
- Smoked meat;
- Fatty meat;
Particular attention should be paid to all sorts of sauces. Spicy sauces can not be used during this period. It is best to completely abandon them for a while, however, if this is not possible, then the most harmless sauces will be based on:
Ketchup, pickles, mustard and salad dressings can be used in dishes, but in “light” options.
After surgery, the doctor usually prescribes a certain diet. In order to avoid various kinds of complications it is necessary to strictly adhere to it.
Most often, experts are allowed to expand the diet with new products gradually, no more than 2 types per day.
Eating is fractional, in small portions. It is best to go to the six-phase power system.
If you follow these simple recommendations, the entire recovery period will pass as quickly as possible and without violations.