Pulse and blood pressure. One of the first indicators that are taken when you go to the doctor: be it an ambulance or a general practitioner. Why is this data so important for medical professionals? What pressure can be considered normal? Why does it go up?
Blood pressure and pulse characterize the work of our cardiovascular system. Our circulatory system – the basis of the body. It is blood that delivers food and oxygen to each of our “cells”. I would very much like all the numerous “rivers, streams and streams” through which blood flows to be clean and elastic, and the pressure in them is normal. But how?
Pressure is not constant. It changes all the time. If you wish, you can make sure of this yourself by measuring it when you do something around the house or lie down and rest. During intense physical exertion or stress, it rises to high levels, even for those who are not hypertensive. But a healthy person quickly comes back to normal. In addition, each of us has its own organism and its own normal indicators. Therefore, we can only talk about the average, taken as normal numbers.
When measuring blood pressure get two values, the so-called upper and lower pressure.
Superior or systolic is the blood pressure at the time of maximum contraction of the heart.
Lower or diastolic – is the pressure of blood on the walls of blood vessels with maximum relaxation of the heart.
Measured in millimeters of mercury. For example, 110/75 mmHg is recorded. where 110 is systolic and 75 is diastolic pressure.
The difference between systolic and diastolic is called pulse pressure. Normally, it should be at least 20 mm Hg. Art. Pulse pressure readings are very important for determining the real age of the vessels. The decrease in pulse pressure indicates abnormalities in the work of the heart: tachycardia, aortic stenosis, etc. The increase indicates atherosclerosis, heart failure, anemia, etc.
It happens that when measuring pressure on different hands, we get different indicators. If the difference of measurements on the left and right hands does not exceed 10 mm Hg. Art., then do not worry. With large and constant numbers with this question you need to consult a doctor to find out the reason.
The pressure is measured at rest, that is, before the measurement you need to sit for five minutes, rest and calm down. Before the procedure is not recommended to drink coffee and smoke. The cuff of the apparatus is fixed at a distance of two to three centimeters above the elbow bend. When taking readings, it is best to sit with your elbow on the table.
Some people have the so-called fear of a white robe. Before the measurement procedure, internal stress appears, fear that the device will show increased pressure. And often it happens. The survey results are 30 – 40 units higher than when measured at home. In this case, it is imperative to monitor your pressure yourself.
What pressure can be considered normal?
Blood pressure and pulse rate depend on age, lifestyle, health, and a number of other factors. And each person has his best pressure figures for which he feels good. But still they are not so different. Therefore, there are indicators that are considered optimal for groups of a certain age and gender.
The normal pressure of a newborn baby is 70 mmHg. Art.
By the year the pressure in boys reaches 96/66, and in girls – 95/65 mm Hg. Art. Up to the age of five, the pressure in girls and boys is almost the same. Then in boys it gets higher.
At the age of 20, 123/76 is considered normal pressure for boys, 116/72 for girls.
Normal pressure of an adult of 30 – 40 years of age is considered to be pressure up to 130/85. Valid figures are considered systolic pressure up to 140 mm Hg. Art., diastolic – up to 90. Above – bad! Be sure to contact your doctor and take to correct this situation. In the initial stage of hypertension, when a number of conditions are met, the pressure can still be normalized.
In people older than 60 years (60 – 70), pressure up to 145-159 / 82-85 mm Hg is considered the norm. Art. (for men and women respectively)
Older people older than 80 years old are considered to be the pressure of 147/82 for men and 157/83 mm Hg for women. Art.
However, today, the attitude towards certain accepted figures of normal pressure has changed. Doctors believe that pressure above 140/90 cannot be considered the norm. These indicators are the highest limit of the norm for any age category and gender. Any higher blood pressure is considered hypertension.
On the contrary, for some people, reduced pressure is normal – 100/60 or even lower. This is quite common in athletes.
If you also have low pressure, but you do not feel completely healthy and alert person, then in such cases they are talking about hypotension. And you also need to see a doctor for help in normalizing blood pressure.
The optimal pressure of an adult is 120/80. As they say: With such pressure, even fly into space.
Be sure to monitor your blood pressure. If you do not have the opportunity to visit often the doctor, then purchase a blood pressure monitor and monitor your pressure yourself, especially since with modern technology it is easy and simple to measure pressure.
If your indicators are close to the highest limit of the norm (140/90), and for a long time your tonometer gives you the numbers 130/85 – 135/85 (or so, and this pressure is called marginal) immediately take hold of your health. Give up bad habits, go to a healthier food, observe work and rest, walk, swim, ski. Exercise must necessarily be present in your life, but do not overdo it: everything is good in moderation! Especially if before you did not lead an active lifestyle.
Pulse rate, as well as pressure, are considered the most important for determining the state of human health. What is the normal pulse? For a healthy adult – 65 – 75 beats per minute. In young children, the pulse is frequent, with age it slows down. Of course, any deviations in one direction or another are quite acceptable. Moreover, each person’s pulse rate is also different. Still, the numbers below 60 and above 90 are deviations from the norm. And they point to violations in your health.
The pulse of a healthy person must also be rhythmic and well filled. Therefore, when measuring the pulse rate, be sure to pay attention to rhythm. Arrhythmia is a very serious violation of the heart.
If you have low pressure and rapid pulse, then this combination most often indicates a disruption in the work of the vegetative system, physical or mental overload, and severe stress.
In addition, frequent pulses with low pressure can be with large blood loss, with shock of various origins, in pregnant women, in people suffering from vegetative-vascular dystonia and
Another combination is a rare pulse with elevated pressure. It may be in individuals with impaired thyroid gland activity, while taking certain drugs for high blood pressure, when there is a malfunction in the cardiovascular system.
The author of the site about a healthy lifestyle Save yourself Lyudmila