Sometimes there are situations when the child must be given something for a headache. If a kid or child has a schoolboy headache on a trip, if he is overheated in the sun, if a teenager is too nervous before passing the exams, or just very tired. Situations can be different – stress, acute illness, trauma, chronic illness. There is only one way out: temporarily alleviate the suffering of the child or the pain of the schoolchild in some accessible way or with the preparation. Read below what can children from headaches.
Candles, syrups, pills – which is better?
For babies infants, it is better to administer any drugs rectally (through the ass). They more quickly manifest their impact and are more efficiently absorbed into the blood.
Tablets and syrups enter the body through the esophagus. Therefore, they are slower. Syrups are used to treat young toddlers and preschoolers. For teens, children’s syrups are replaced by adult pills.
One drug can be released in various forms: rectal suppositories, in syrup or tablets. The amount of the drug is determined by the age and weight of the child. He is prescribed by a doctor, but if necessary, you can find out the dose by reading the instructions.
Remedies for headache must be given when the child is very bad. If there is an opportunity to do without medication, use alternative ways to relieve pain, if the baby has tolerable pain, then it is better to put him to bed. A pill is an extreme and not the best way to improve a baby’s condition.
Paracetamol and drugs with it
Paracetamol is the No. 1 remedy for high fever and headache in a nursing mother. Based on it, a number of medicines are manufactured: Panadol, Efferalgan, Kalpol, Mexalen, Dofalgan, Acetinomin, Paracete. Paracetamol also contains complex drugs Coldrex, Solpadein, Theraflu, Antigrippin, Ferveks. In addition to anesthesia, reduces fever. Therefore, it is widely used in the treatment of viral infections and inflammation as a febrifuge.
Available in various forms: candles and capsules, syrups and elixirs, drops and tablets simple, effervescent or chewable, finally, solution for injection (injections). You can pick up the child any form of the drug (chew, drink or enter through the anus). Paracetamol can be given to babies after 3 months.
A single dose of paracetamol, which can be given to a child, should not exceed 15 mg per 1 kg of child’s weight. The daily dose is limited to 60 mg per kilogram of baby weight. A significant excess of the norms leads to an allergic reaction and liver damage.
A possible allergic reaction has the appearance of a rash and redness, appears a day after taking paracetamol. In this case, to give the child this drug in the future is impossible. And in the present it is necessary to show the baby to the pediatrician, perhaps he will prescribe a medicine to reduce the allergic reaction.
The highest efficacy of paracetamol is observed in viral infections (influenza). In case of bacterial infections, the headache medicine helps weakly. If a serious bacterial infection is present or a complication is formed, then paracetamol does not help: the head continues to hurt.
Ibuprofen and drugs with it
Ibuprofen along with paracetamol is considered the two safest anti-pain agents in children. Ibuprofen-based drugs: Nurofen, Bolinet, Dexifen, Ibunorm, Has, Mig 200, Cuffetin, Solpaflex. Used in children after 6 months. If paracetamol did not help the baby, you can give it ibuprofen. But a repeated dose of the same drug can not be used earlier than after 4 hours. Otherwise, it leads to complications.
Nimesulide significantly lowers body temperature. Used then, neither paracetamol nor ibuprofen act. It is recommended at the first admission to give the child a reduced dose (half of the prescribed or specified in the instructions). Due to its strong effect, this dose may be sufficient. Drugs containing nimesulide: Nise, Nimulid, Nimegesic (after 12 years).
What should not be given to children?
There are a number of drugs that have been used in medical practice for a long time. At the same time there are serious limitations on their use in children. Medical studies have been conducted that confirm their toxicity or destructive effect on the child’s body. We list the most famous of them.
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) – not recommended for children. The reason – a high probability of complications in the liver and brain. In medical terminology, this complication is called Ray’s syndrome, the occurrence of this complication in 20% – 50% of cases is fatal. Complications arise precisely from viral infection. Therefore, if the baby has the flu, then it is strictly forbidden to give him aspirin.
Citramon contains the substance phenacetin, which disintegrates in the human body to form paracetamol. The restriction of this group of drugs associated with the toxicity of phenacetin. The second unacceptable component in the drug citramon – aspirin.
Analgin and drugs with him
In addition to ordinary analgin (in the formulations of drugs, it is referred to as “metamizole”), there are many more expensive drugs in which analgin is the main active agent. This Toralgin, Spazdolzin (analgin in candles). Among the complex drugs: Baralgin, Tempalgin, Pentalgin, Spazmalgin, Trigan, Renalgan. Allergic reaction possible. A strong shock reaction can be only after the injection of this drug. In all other cases, the allergy has the appearance of a urticaria (rash).
Analgin applied very limited. Since he himself can be the cause of the disease, it is wise to use it one-time, in case of unexpected pain and in the absence of other drugs. Do not delay the treatment to the doctor.
Alternatives are not medicines
The cause of pain is in the slowed blood supply and vascular spasm. Intensifying blood flow and relieving vasospasm means relieving pain. How can you increase the cerebral circulation and relax the muscles in a child?
- Hot shower and cold douche. Hot shower can be used if there is no temperature. Cold douches can be used in older children to reduce fever.
- Cold wet compress on the forehead.
- Cleansing the stomach and intestines. Well-known medical fact: with migraines, sleep and vomiting bring relief.
- You can give a drink of clean water and provide rest (a banal, but sometimes very effective remedy).
A variety of headache remedies make it possible to delay a visit to the doctor. With inflammation and infections, painkillers give the child the opportunity to sleep, gain strength and recover. It is important for the body of the child to know the causes of pain and take measures to combat the underlying disease or external irritant.