How to determine pregnancy by blood test

Hello, tell me whether it is possible to determine the pregnancy on the general analysis of blood from a finger?

The fact is that my girlfriend was on the hospital, and how she was going to get tested for blood. When the blood test was ready, the therapist, according to the girl, said that she was possibly pregnant, according to the results of the analysis. If my girlfriend is really pregnant, then the term is somewhere between 1.5 and 2 weeks. Is it possible with such a short period and a general blood test to determine the pregnancy or even suspicion of it? Best answerOf course not. Even from a vein, when they donate for a pregnancy, hgch there (in the analysis) is not specifically sought (do they need it?))))))))))

ANALYSIS ON DETERMINATION OF PREGNANCY

DETERMINATION OF EARLY TERM OF PREGNANCY

Delay of menstruation is usually caused by pregnancy. If the menstruation does not come on the expected day, then starting from the next morning for the diagnosis of pregnancy, you can measure the temperature in the rectum. If the basal temperature (BT) consistently exceeds 37 * C, then this is in favor of a possible pregnancy. However, lower rates also occur, especially with the threat of spontaneous abortion.

When the delay of menstruation for 1-2 days or more to determine pregnancy, you can use the test for early diagnosis of pregnancy. The test for determining pregnancy is easy to use and fairly reliable. The accuracy of the answer will be higher if the research is carried out 2-3 times.

Despite external differences in tests for the diagnosis of pregnancy, their action is based on a reaction to a specific pregnancy hormone (chorionic gonadotropin – Hg), which begins to be produced in a woman’s body during pregnancy, and its breakdown products.

ANALYSIS OF BLOOD TO PREGNANCY

More complex and at the same time more reliable methods for determining pregnancy are based on the measurement of the level of hormones in a woman’s body by a laboratory analysis of a pregnancy blood test. You donate blood from a vein for B-hCG (a blood test for pregnancy), and after a while you get a result.

In this case, to determine pregnancy, usually determine the level of another, more specific hormone of pregnancy – trophoblastic beta-globulin, which gives more reliable information, and first of all about the expected duration of pregnancy. The definition of pregnancy on the blood test is much more reliable, although it takes more time.

The only reliable way to determine pregnancy, except for a blood test for pregnancy, is ultrasound examination (ultrasound) of the pelvic organs. However, these methods can be used to obtain information about the presence of pregnancy and its localization from 2.5 to 3 weeks from the day of conception.

But since the beginning of the delay of menstruation some time has passed, the blood tests for pregnancy gave a positive result. Should I go to an appointment with a gynecologist? Worth it. First of all – to make sure that the pregnancy is uterine.

Blood tests for the determination of pregnancy are equivalent to give a positive result in both uterine and ectopic pregnancies. Therefore, if there is even the slightest doubt, make tests or blood tests for early determination of pregnancy and, if the result is positive, visit your gynecologist.

If the pregnancy test gives a negative result and the menstruation delay continues, visit the gynecologist – endocrinologist to clarify the causes of irregular menstruation.

WHERE IT IS POSSIBLE TO REND OUT THIS ANALYSIS

If you want to take a pregnancy test from the first day of the delay, do an ultrasound, get a consultation with a gynecologist, contact our medical center. The cost of analysis, including blood sampling from a vein – 800 rubles, the result will be on that day or the next.

Determine pregnancy by blood analysis

The most reliable method in the arsenal of modern medicine is to determine the onset of pregnancy by blood analysis.

The method for determining pregnancy through blood tests is based on determining the level of “pregnancy hormone” in a woman’s blood. A special hormone of pregnancy is called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), produced by the cells of a special membrane of the embryo – chorion. If chorionic tissue is present, there is a pregnancy. This makes the definition of early pregnancy possible on a blood test: a week after conception, the result of hCG analysis will be guaranteed to be positive. Normally, the level of hCG in the blood serum of a healthy non-pregnant woman ranges from 0 to 15 mU / ml.

In addition to determining pregnancy, this analysis is assigned to identify fetal abnormalities (from the 14th to the 18th week of gestation).

You can always make a reliable analysis of HCG at any time convenient for you and even urgently at the Center for Traditional Obstetrics and Family Medicine.

How to pass a blood test for hCG

Traditionally, pregnancy is determined by a blood test on the eighth day after the woman’s intended conception, but not earlier than in 3-5 days of menstruation. For this in the morning, on an empty stomach, venous blood is collected. If you plan to take the test at a different time of the day, you should refuse to take food 4-6 hours before the procedure. If you are taking medications or hormones, be sure to notify your gynecologist or nurse.

To clarify the results of the test can be repeated after a few days. More detailed recommendations on preparing for the analysis will be given to you by the gynecologist of your choice.

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Definition of pregnancy by urine analysis

Hello! Tell me please, I had unprotected sexual intercourse on March 7, then, after 2-3 days, there was a frequent urge to urinate, on day 3 wild pains and spasms appeared when urinating. I went to the gynecologist on the 4th day after intercourse, she looked at me and said that everything was in order with the female organs, sent me to the urologist, he said that I had bladder inflammation, I passed a urine test – cystitis and possibly picked up a Trichomaniac. Weeks 2 had a lower abdomen, and now the second day is the delay of menstruation. Is there a chance that I got pregnant? And is it possible to find out about this in the full analysis of urine given just below?

Pregnancy is possible. It cannot be determined by general urine analysis. In the early period, pregnancy can be diagnosed by donating blood for beta-hgch or by performing a transvaginal ultrasound.

Sincerely, Yurchenko Oksana Viktorovna.

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Blood test for pregnancy

Currently, there are several methods to quickly and accurately determine the presence of pregnancy. One of the most popular of these are pregnancy tests sold in pharmacies. However, a more accurate result can be obtained when conducting a blood test for pregnancy, based on the determination of the level of the hormone hCG.

What is hCG

A special hormone that is not produced in the body of a man and a non-pregnant woman is chorionic gonadotropin, abbreviated HCG. When pregnancy occurs by the membranes of the fetus, namely the chorion, the release of the specified hormonal substance begins. The presence of gonadotropin in the blood allows you to accurately determine pregnancy by blood analysis.

For this reason, this study is called a blood test for pregnancy.

Does a blood test show early pregnancy?

As follows from the instructions for the standard pharmacy test, based on the presence of chorionic hormone in the urine, you can get a reliable result for it not earlier than the first day of the delay. It is possible to determine pregnancy by blood analysis on the tenth day from the moment of fertilization, that is, approximately a week before the next planned menstruation. Thus, the possibility of carrying out an earlier diagnosis upon delivery of a blood test for pregnancy and the period during which this study can be carried out are the undoubted advantages of this method over the “usual” test from the pharmacy. However, such an analysis was created not only so that impatient parents as soon as possible learn the desired results.

Blood test for pregnancy: normal values ​​of hCG level

Many women are wondering what indicators of hCG should be at a particular gestational age. It should be noted that each of these terms has rather wide limits of normal values, which is why it is not always possible to find out how well the embryo develops. However, when you take a blood test for pregnancy twice or more, you can almost always get the right results. In some situations, expectant mothers can not conduct any other examinations, except to offer to take a blood test for pregnancy, so in such situations you have to rely only on the results obtained from a blood test for hCG.

The unit for measuring chorionic hormone levels is honey / ml. For men and women who are not expecting a baby at the moment, the hCG value is less than 5. For pregnant women, the norm of the content of this hormone is determined for each period of pregnancy separately.

Compared with the baseline, which is less than 5 mU / ml, the content of the chorionic hormone in the blood of a woman carrying a child will always be elevated. And in some cases, the level of this hormone increases even more than it should be at the appropriate gestational age. A significant increase in the level of human chorionic gonadotropin occurs during multiple pregnancy of the patient. In this case, the value of this hormone can exceed 1.5-2 times and even more than the normal level of hCG for each period of pregnancy.

How to determine pregnancy by blood test

Such a study, as a blood test for hCG, should not be carried out in every case of pregnancy. If gestation proceeds safely, then there is no need to pass this analysis. However, in any case, the performance of a blood test for hCG provides diagnostic information, on the basis of which it is possible to identify possible abnormalities in the development of the fetus, select the necessary treatment, and in the normal development of the child please the future parents with such information.

How does a blood test determine pregnancy? If you have a delayed menstrual cycle, this may indicate a pregnancy.

This is due not only to the fact that the test is not of sufficient quality, but also due to the fact that during the period up to three days of delay, the amount of the hormone needed for the test may be insufficient. For the most part, this is a consequence of the individuality of the organism, and not some pathological deviations. In order not to get into such an unpleasant situation, experts recommend a blood test for pregnancy.

Nowadays blood test to determine pregnancyl is considered the highest quality and accurate way. Through this analysis, the doctor will be able to accurately determine the amount of beta hormones that are responsible for the exact definition of this issue. Such hormones are known as hCG. They appear in the body of every woman at the moment when her fertilized cell begins to divide. Such a test can accurately determine the pregnancy on the second day after conception.

Some girls quite often ask a question related to whether such an analysis can show an incorrect result. The question is quite natural, and it is necessary to recognize that such an analysis may be erroneous. That’s just not due to the fact that it is not reliable. This can only happen if a girl or woman takes the hormone hCG for treatment. In this case, a similar test can show pregnancy in a non-pregnant woman.

In order to donate blood for a similar test, it is worth knowing some nuances. Blood should be donated in the morning, before you have taken the food. If you did not have time to do this before the meal, then you should wait five hours, after which the blood will be cleansed and ready for analysis. Blood is drawn from a vein. You can take it in the clinic or female consultation. In addition, you can use the services of private survey points. This is a fairly common method, although more costly. We hope that this information will help you save your time and nerves, which will inevitably be needed in case of ignorance of such nuances.

Blood test for pregnancy

To make sure that conception has occurred or not, you can do a blood test for pregnancy – the so-called hCG test. What is it, when and how to pass it – read on. What is hCG?

It is very easy to determine pregnancy by blood analysis, and the main thing is that this is the most reliable method, although it takes more time than common pharmacy tests. When you take a blood test for hCG, pregnancy will be determined by the presence or absence of human chorionic gonadotropin in your blood. This hormone appears in the body of a woman at the beginning of pregnancy. When the egg cell divides, the embryo and fetal membranes are formed. Chorion – this is one of the fetal membranes. That it produces hCG, which is found in the blood. Complete blood count during pregnancy is prescribed to all women, without exception, but it does not show the level of hCG, blood for this analysis is collected specifically. How to pass a blood test for hCG?

Usually the gynecologist talks about this, but if you have not received any recommendations, we will tell you a few basic points. For analysis, blood is taken from a vein. You want to come in the morning, because you need to donate blood on an empty stomach. Be sure to tell your doctor or nurse if you are taking any hormonal drugs so that the test is as objective as possible. A pregnancy test can be performed after 3-5 days of menstruation. Interpretation of the analysis for pregnancy

Having passed the analysis for hCG, pregnancy can be determined at the earliest terms starting from 1 week. There are certain allowable levels of hCG in the blood. During the first trimester period, the level of hCG increases every two. At 10-12 weeks of pregnancy, the highest level of hCG in the blood is observed. Then he remains at about the same level during the second half of pregnancy.

HCG may increase if you have multiple births, toxicosis, preeclampsia, diabetes, fetal abnormality, or the wrong gestational age. If the level of this hormone is very low, then this may be evidence of ectopic pregnancy, delayed fetal development, the threat of spontaneous abortion, or, again, an incorrect determination of the duration of pregnancy. The correct interpretation of your analysis, taking into account individual peculiarities, can be given only by a competent specialist.

The blood test shows pregnancy, which is very convenient for its early determination, because where a simple test may not give the correct answer, the analysis for hCG will not fail.

SIGNS OF PREGNANCY

The early signs of pregnancy in the early stages are inaccurate and often mislead women. During pregnancy, menstrual discharge is possible. To diagnose pregnancy in time, at the slightest suspicion or the presence of symptoms, consult a gynecologist. For early diagnosis of pregnancy, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist, an ultrasound scan and determine the level of hCG in a blood test.

Any delay in menstruation may indicate the beginning of pregnancy (even if the woman assumes that this is not possible – reliable contraceptives were taken). In some cases, the cause of the delay in menstruation may be:

acute or chronic inflammation of the female genital organs, strong emotional and other stress, overwork, climate change, any disease, lack of ovulation in this cycle, or late ovulation (due to hormonal therapy), functional ovarian cyst – follicular neovulatory follicle cyst (LYuF syndrome) or yellow cyst body (which can sometimes “live” longer than usual, thereby delaying the onset of menstruation)

Recently, asymptomatic gynecological diseases, including sexually transmitted diseases and tumors, are very common. Even abnormal vaginal discharge with such diseases are not always the case. Without tests, distinguishing them from normal secretions is difficult. With a hidden course of women’s diseases there is no abdominal pain, bleeding, menstrual disorders and other symptoms. Therefore, every woman at least twice a year requires a preventive examination by a gynecologist.

To determine an individual examination program at the first sign of pregnancy, contact the gynecologists of our clinic. Definition of pregnancy with delayed menstruation

Delayed menstruation and pregnancy test negative

When pregnancy occurs in the morning urine portion, the pregnancy test is indicative only from the first day of the menstruation delay. False negative pregnancy test results in the early stages are more often false positive.

With a slight delay of monthly pregnancy tests can give a false negative result when a pregnancy occurs. This is due to the fact that the level of the hormone hCG at the beginning of pregnancy is still not high enough. In 5-10% of cases, implantation with a delay of 1-2 days has not yet occurred, therefore, early pregnancy tests will be negative. Also, the cause of a false-negative test result with delayed menstruation may be:

expired pregnancy test, or the rules for storing the test on the eve of the pregnancy test, a large amount of liquid was drunk. For a pregnancy test, stale or non-morning urine was used. The woman has kidney disease.

If there is a suspicion of pregnancy, and the pregnancy test is negative, a blood test for the hormone hCG must be taken.

Blood test for pregnancy hormone hCG

The accuracy of the blood test for the hormone hCG is higher than when pregnancy tests are used to diagnose pregnancy. The first reliable sign of pregnancy is an increase in the level of the hormone HCG in the blood. The level of hCG in the blood during pregnancy rises much earlier than in the urine. In order to find out if you are pregnant or not, you need to donate blood for the analysis of hCG. This analysis shows the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin in the human body, an increase in the level of which is the earliest sign of pregnancy. Chorionic gonadotropin is a hormone of pregnancy. When conception occurs, the egg cell divides, and in the process of division, the embryo and fetal membranes develop, one of which is called the chorion. It is the chorion that produces hCG, which is found in the blood test. In very rare cases, hCG is present in the body of a non-pregnant woman or man. This happens in some diseases. In some cases, this hormone may be present after an abortion. The level of hCG in the body increases during pregnancy.

If the blood test for hCG is negative, you need to find out the cause of irregular menstruation. If the result of the analysis is doubtful, it is necessary to retake it after 48 hours. With developing uterine pregnancy, the level of hCG in 48 hours will increase by 2 times.

Blood for hormone HCG analysis is taken from a vein. Blood must be taken in the morning on an empty stomach. At other times of the day, blood can be donated at least after 4-5 hours of abstinence from food. You must inform the doctor about currently taken medications. The analysis is performed on the 2-5 day of menstruation

During pregnancy, the course of pregnancy can be monitored using the hCG parameters. Low levels of hCG in pregnant women may indicate pathology (ectopic pregnancy, pathology in the fetus, placental insufficiency, etc.). High rates of hCG can occur with multiple pregnancies, with fetal abnormalities.

Determination of pregnancy on ultrasound with a vaginal sensor

If the ultrasound results correspond to the second phase of the menstrual cycle (thick mature endometrium, corpus luteum in the ovary), then it is possible that pregnancy begins and it is necessary to donate blood to hCG. If there is no picture of the second phase of the menstrual cycle on the ultrasound, then pregnancy is unlikely, it is necessary to be examined to determine the cause of the delay in menstruation, which is most likely associated with impaired ovarian function.

Pregnancy test positive

If the home pregnancy test and the result of the hCG analysis is positive, an ultrasound scan with the vaginal sensor still needs to be done to find out the localization of the pregnancy (uterine or ectopic) and its viability. When the test is positive, pregnancy is almost always visible on an ultrasound scan with a vaginal sensor. Frequent ultrasounds at any stage of pregnancy, including early ones, are absolutely harmless. The extra days spent with an ectopic or missed abortion undiagnosed in time are very dangerous.

The first signs of the onset of pregnancy until the delay of the month

The first signs of the onset of pregnancy before the delay of menstruation are inaccurate and often mislead women hoping to become pregnant or avoiding pregnancy. This is because the first signs of pregnancy before the delay of menstruation can often occur outside of pregnancy. Every second pregnant woman has nausea, vomiting, fatigue, headache and breast augmentation. In some women, the first signs of pregnancy appear even earlier than the delay in menstruation, but they are extremely unreliable.

The first sign of the onset of pregnancy is delayed menstruation. But many women have menstruation delays that are not related to pregnancy. The reason for the delay of menstruation can be any disease and stress, leading to hormonal disorders. And then the available first signs of pregnancy until the delay of menstruation also does not say anything.

There are cases when a woman has monthly menstrual bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy. But this is not menstruation and this condition requires the supervision of a physician. This usually happens on those days of the month when a woman would have had her period if the pregnancy had not occurred. Such a pathological condition does not allow time to recognize the first signs of the onset of pregnancy. Bleeding that occurs in early pregnancy (if it is not a detachment of the ovum) often differs from ordinary menstrual flow in its quantity and color.

As the first sign of the onset of pregnancy, it is worthwhile to perceive the situation when the amount of discharge in a woman’s last menstruation has sharply decreased, whereas earlier menstruations were abundant. Moreover, such menstruation ends faster than usual. If there is unprotected sexual intercourse (or when using low-effective means of contraception from pregnancy) in the last menstrual cycle, it can be said with 50% confidence that this is the first sign of the onset of pregnancy. Although there are cases when periods are not as usual, due to some hormonal changes occurring in the body. This often happens in the first cycles of combined oral contraceptives.

To make sure that pregnancy starts, you can measure the basal temperature in the first half of the next menstrual cycle. Her increase is another first sign of the beginning of pregnancy, but not before the delay of menstruation, and after. To correctly measure the basal temperature (temperature in the rectum) from the first time is not easy. And an inexperienced woman may allow some errors in her measurement, because of which you can see a non-existent first sign of pregnancy. If the basal temperature is elevated to 37 degrees or more and you measured the basal temperature correctly, then this can be regarded as the first sign of pregnancy.

The appearance of hCG in the blood and urine of a woman is one of the first signs of pregnancy. HCG stands for chorionic gonadotropin. This is a protein that appears in the blood and urine of a pregnant woman, about a week after fertilization. In a non-pregnant woman, his level of analysis is nearing zero. If hCG is present in the blood, it is regarded as one of the first signs of the onset of pregnancy.

Sometimes, false positive and false negative results of this analysis are quite rare. A false positive result can be obtained by donating blood on hCG during ovulation, high levels of the hormone FSH, tumors that produce hCG, with thyrotoxicosis, hematuria and

The reliability of the blood test for hCG is higher than the urine test for hCG. Properly submitted analysis guarantees almost 100% determination of the presence (absence) of your pregnancy before or after a monthly delay. The first sign of a developing pregnancy can be considered a good increase in the level of hCG. Every day, after implantation of the egg into the mucous membrane of the uterus (this happens even before the onset of menstruation), the level of hCG doubles every day. In later periods, a strong increase in hCG indicates the presence of pathologies in the fetus. The hCG level remains at a fairly high level for 4 weeks after an abortion or miscarriage.

Sometimes a pregnancy test can show a pregnancy even before the onset of a monthly delay. Such a first sign of pregnancy can be detected if a woman has early ovulation and uses a highly sensitive pregnancy test.

Estimated, probable and reliable signs of pregnancy at different times

Signs of pregnancy can be divided into presumptive, probable and reliable. Do not forget that only a gynecologist can confirm or exclude the presence of pregnancy. The test for determining pregnancy is not always accurate, so that at the first suspicion of the onset of pregnancy, you should immediately contact a specialist.

Estimated signs of pregnancy

Presumptive signs of pregnancy are non-specific and may occur in non-pregnant with other conditions.

Dizziness and fainting, most often in the morning – are a symptom of vegetative-vascular dystonia, in stressful situations, nervous and physical exhaustion, anemia, low blood sugar.

Nausea and vomiting is one of the signs of toxicosis in pregnant women, but these same symptoms can be observed in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer, poisoning, inflammation of the gallbladder and pancreas).

A change in taste, a preference for foods that you have previously consumed in limited quantities (salty, sweet) can be a symptom of gastrointestinal diseases, a lack of vitamins and minerals in the body, and anemia.

Increased urination during pregnancy is the result of pressure on the bladder of the enlarged uterus. But this symptom may also indicate a urinary tract infection: cystitis (inflammation of the bladder), pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys).

Likely signs of pregnancy

How to determine pregnancy by blood test

One of the first signs of early pregnancy is a delayed menstruation. But the delay of menstruation except the beginning of pregnancy can be observed for any hormonal disorders.

An increase and tenderness of the mammary glands in early pregnancy occurs in response to hormonal changes in the body. In this case, changes occur in the mammary glands, they become more dense and painful, the areola may darken, the nipple grow. But the increase, pain, induration of the mammary glands is also noted with mastopathy.

The enlargement of the uterus with the softening of its isthmus (Heghar symptom) is determined by the gynecologist upon examination.

Cyanosis of the vaginal walls and cervix (a symptom of Chadwick) is also determined by the gynecologist.

Reliable signs of pregnancy

From 1-2 weeks of pregnancy in the urine and blood is determined by chorionic gonadotropin. Based on its identification tests for pregnancy. Determination of the hormone hCG in the blood is a more reliable way to determine pregnancy in the early stages.

Ultrasound examination already at the time of pregnancy of 3 weeks allows detecting the ovum in the uterus, and from 7–8 weeks – embryo cardiac activity.

Fetal heartbeat is determined using an obstetric stethoscope (a hollow tube, one end of which is applied to the belly of the pregnant woman and the other to the ear of the doctor) from the 16th to 18th week.

Fetus movement pregnant feels from 16-20 weeks. These feelings can be different – from barely perceptible pushes to “violent activity.”

The gestational age can be determined in several ways:

By the date of the first day of the last menstruation.

In size and position of the uterus. which are determined during obstetric examination. For example, at week 6, the uterus is slightly enlarged, at week 8 it reaches the size of a female fist, by 12 – the size of a grapefruit. At week 16, the bottom of the uterus is 7.5 cm above the pubic bone, at week 20 it is 2 fingers below the navel, at week 24 the bottom of the uterus reaches the navel or 1 cm above. At week 27, the bottom of the uterus is located 3 cm above the navel, 32 to 6 cm above the navel, at 40 weeks the bottom of the uterus is 4 fingers below the costal arch.

According to the ultrasound. From 3 weeks, an ovum can be found in the uterus, and from 7-8 weeks the embryonic cardiac activity is already detected.

By the first movement of the fetus, which usually occurs in nulliparous babies at 18–20, in repetitive fetuses at 16–18 weeks.

As a rule, the pregnancy lasts 280 days, or 10 obstetric months, counting from the first day of the last menstruation. In the obstetric month, 28 days or 4 weeks, respectively, the duration of pregnancy is 40 weeks. 10 obstetric months are approximately equal to 9 calendar months. The entire gestation period is divided into three trimesters: the first (1-14 weeks), the second (15-27 weeks) and the third (28-40 weeks). During the gestation period, a mature fetus is developed from the fertilized egg, capable of extra-uterine existence.

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