Parents notice that their child often blinks. This phenomenon occurs quite often, and always requires attention. Blinking is a normal reflex aimed at protecting the eye from drying out, dust and bright light. But if it occurs more often 20 times a minute, we can talk about excessive blinking, the cause of which needs to be clarified.
Why is this happening
Newborn babies blink about 2 times per minute, by adolescence, the number increases to 14-17 times, and this rate lasts for life. The number of blinks can increase in response to pain, bright light, with a sharp change in ambient temperature and humidity, during conversation, excitement and
Causes of excessive blinking
Frequent blinking occurs in children 4–10 years old and, as a rule, passes on their own within a few weeks or months. Sometimes it may just be a habit (out of boredom) or seem funny to a child, and sometimes a sign of eye discomfort or illness. In any case, it is necessary to consult a neurologist and an ophthalmologist (oculist) to find out the causes of frequent blinking:
- Eye strain. This is the most common cause of excessive blinking. When a child watches TV endlessly, sits at a computer or reads in the wrong light, his eyes feel overworked. This is often accompanied by redness of the eyeballs, aching in the back and headache, sometimes a temporary decrease in the clarity of vision (physiological myopia).
- Violation of visual acuity. With myopia (myopia) and presbyopia (farsightedness), the eye is forced to constantly work the pupil, which leads to increased fatigue of the eye muscles, can cause headaches, tearing and frequent blinking. If you see that the child blinks and blinks often, it means that an ophthalmologist should be consulted to check your vision or correct diopters (in the case when the baby already wears glasses).
- Dry eyes. Children living in regions with low air humidity often experience dry mucous eyes. In such a situation will help a humidifier or eye drops (only after consulting a doctor!). Dryness of the mucous membranes can be observed and, with the love of a baby, sit opposite the fan on. Frequent blinking helps the child to moisten the eyes.
- Allergy. If the continuous closing and opening of the eyelids is accompanied by tearing, itching and redness of the eyes, then this most likely speaks of allergies. Try to eliminate all possible irritants or send the child to her grandmother for a few days to change the situation. Then it will be clear if it is an allergy or not.
- Foreign body, corneal damage. If a mote, an eyelash or a small insect hit the eye, the eyelid reflex movements try to rid the child of the uninvited guest, gradually moving the foreign body into the inner corner of the eye. Sometimes, after removal of the stimulus, small wounds may be left on the cornea, causing discomfort, and the child continues to blink constantly. In this case, contact your ophthalmologist.
- Blepharitis A staphylococcal (bacterial) infection can cause inflammation of the eyelids and irritation of the mucous eyes, which leads to frequent blinking.
- Blepharospasm. Persistent involuntary closing of the eyelids caused by spasm of the eye muscles.
- Tiki. Often a child blinks his eyes more often than usual due to psychological or neurological reasons.
Tiki in children
Motor tick – muscle spasms that a child cannot control. One of them – blinking of the eyes – occurs in 18% of children at one or another period of their development, is more often benign in nature and passes without medical care. If a tick lasts less than one year and does not repeat later, then they talk about a “transitional” condition that does not require treatment. With longer ticks, they talk about a chronic form that requires medical examination and correction of the home environment.
Tics can occur for a variety of reasons.
- Scare Such a consequence of it occurs quite often and may persist for long.
- Stress. For example, the divorce of parents, the death of a loved one, the tense situation at home or at school.
- Syndrome “first of September.” The beginning of the school year or the first weeks of attending kindergarten can also become a kind of stress for the child.
- Heredity. The presence of chronic tic or neurosis in relatives.
- The consequence of traumatic brain injury. In particular, brain concussion.
- Recently suffered diseases. At the end of rehabilitation, this phenomenon most often disappears.
- The reaction to the drug. This may be a side effect of the drug.
- Tourette syndrome. This is a disorder of the nervous system caused by a genetic predisposition that usually goes away with the end of puberty.
In most cases, tics do not require medical treatment. But if they clearly interfere with leading a normal life, then various stimulants, physiotherapeutic procedures (massage, reflexology, gymnastics) or even antidepressants can be prescribed.
How to cope with tics in a child
There are no special preparations for getting rid of ticks, so the treatment of frequent blinking of the eyes mainly comes down to creating a favorable atmosphere.
- Weather in the house . Conduct a thorough analysis of the psychological situation in the family – perhaps the child is nervous because of the frequent clarification of the relationship between adults.
- Reduced load Keep track of the ratio of study time and rest.
- Competently organized leisure. More outdoors in the open air, play outdoor games.
- Love and care. Praise and cheer your child more often.
- Exception of irritants. Protect the baby from activities that may make him nervous (for example, the sports section, which he does not like);
- Respect. Take a closer look at the personal space of the child (especially if it is a student), promote positive self-esteem;
- Analysis of the situation . Carefully observe when exactly tics arise – maybe the baby is afraid of something (for example, too strict a teacher or failure in some business), secretly keep a diary and carefully record your observations;
- Without unnecessary accents. Never pull your son or daughter about frequent blinking – consciously deterring a tic will lead to a complication of the situation;
- Emotional comfort. A tick does not affect the child’s intelligence, but may affect school performance due to low self-esteem, so it’s important not to focus on involuntary movements (and ask relatives, friends, and teachers) – the child shouldn’t feel that differs from others.
It is important to understand that self-treatment and delaying a visit to a specialist can worsen the situation, and in the future it will be much more difficult to cope with it. Does this seem to be a disturbing symptom or just childish entertainment, a visit to a specialist is necessary. Why a child often blinks, only a doctor can surely say – he will determine how serious it is, and, if necessary, prescribe treatment.