The smell from the mouth of a child 5 years

Forgive me for such a long information, but I think it has answers to all such questions. Unpleasant smell from the mouth

This is a result of a disease, also known as "halitosis". This problem is by no means insoluble. The methods of its treatment are usually very simple and effective – you just need to correctly recognize the main cause of the unpleasant smell. In most cases, it occurs because of the accumulation in the mouth of a person — on the tongue, around the teeth and between the teeth — of a large number of anaerobic bacteria.

Do you have bad breath?

Is it ok "it smells" your breath? Not sure? Of course, under certain circumstances, each of us may develop bad breath, – and we ourselves will be able to know about it only by the reaction of the people around us. Determining whether you have bad breath is often not easy, primarily because the mouth, the source of all these odors, is connected to the nose with a hole that is located in the back of the mouth, in the area of ​​the soft palate. And since the nose "filters" smells that occur in the back of the mouth, it also filters this very unpleasant smell. That is, you, quite possibly, have this smell from the mouth – but you yourself do not know about it. How can you find out about this?

If even our own noses cannot help us determine with certainty how our breath smells – can we still find out about it? One of the ways is to get an opinion on this from someone in your immediate family. You can also make the same request to a close friend, or to your dentist at the next visit to him. If this question seems too personal to you and you are afraid "to entrust" his adults, do not be embarrassed and ask your children about this. As we well know, it is often through their lips that the truth speaks. Can I independently determine how your breath smells?

Such methods are also known. For example, lick your wrist, let your saliva dry for about five seconds, and then smell this place. Well, how? This is how you smell. Or, to be precise, the front of your tongue smells like that.

Now try to figure out how the back of your tongue smells. Take the spoon, turn it over, and scrape the farthest part of the tongue. (Do not be surprised if at the same time you start to choke). Look at the substance remaining on the spoon that you have scraped off the tongue – usually it is thick and whitish. Now smell it. This smell of your breath (unlike the smell of the front part of the tongue) is likely to be felt by others. The main reason for the unpleasant smell is.

Now you know that in most cases the source of bad breath is white matter, which covers the back of the tongue. Or, to be more precise, the bacteria that inhabit this white substance. (There is another, also a very common cause of an unpleasant odor – these are bacteria that accumulate in other areas of the mouth).

What conditions or circumstances can cause or increase an unpleasant smell?

Many of these factors are somehow related to:

– Bacteria of the oral cavity.

– The conditions that stimulate the growth of these bacteria.

– Poor cleaning of those areas where bacteria accumulate. Can food cause an unpleasant smell?

Some foods have a long-standing reputation as the perpetrator of unpleasant odors, such as onions or garlic. When food products are digested, their constituent molecules are absorbed by our body and then are removed from the blood stream. Some of these molecules, which have very characteristic and unpleasant odors, get into our lungs along with the flow of blood. From the lungs, they are removed during exhalation – hence the unpleasant smell. Although this kind of unpleasant smell is a rather annoying problem, we will not discuss it in detail on these pages. The unpleasant smell caused by the use of certain foods usually disappears by itself in a day or two – as soon as the body removes all "foul-smelling" molecules. And getting rid of this smell is quite simple – you just need to exclude such products from your diet or reduce their use to a minimum. Does smoking contribute to the formation of an unpleasant smell?

You probably had to meet with very smoking people whose breath has a specific smell. Although the formation of an unpleasant odor associated with smoking is influenced by many factors, the main ones are nicotine, tar, and other foul-smelling substances contained in tobacco smoke. These substances accumulate on the teeth and soft tissues of the smoker’s mouth – gums, cheek tissue, tongue. And we will make a reservation again – we will not discuss this type of unpleasant smell in detail on these pages either. The only way to completely get rid of this smell is to stop smoking (although, if you bring your mouth hygiene to perfection, this smell can be somewhat weakened). Note also that smoking itself dehydrates the tissues of the mouth. From this weakens the moisturizing and disinfecting effect of saliva, which washes away bacteria and their metabolic products. Dry mouth is discussed in more detail below. It is known that smokers often have problems associated with periodontal disease ("gum disease"). Periodontal disease also occurs due to the activity of bacteria. The disease of the gums and its connection with the unpleasant smell is discussed in more detail below.

The smell from the mouth of a child 5 years

Does xerostomia (dry mouth) cause an unpleasant smell? Even if you do not have any particular problems associated with an unpleasant smell, you nevertheless certainly noticed that in the morning, when you just woke up, your breathing is much less fresh. This is because at night our mouth "dries up" – because during sleep, our body produces less saliva. The result of such drying is "morning breathing". Similar "drying effect" for example, teachers or lawyers, who have to speak for several hours, are often noticed in their own home – this also makes the mouth dry. Some people suffer from chronic dryness of the mouth – this disease is called "dry mouth". It is even harder for them to solve problems with fresh breath. Moisture in our mouths helps cleanse. We constantly swallow saliva – and with every mouthful, millions of bacteria are washed out of the mouth, as well as food particles that feed on these bacteria. In addition, saliva dissolves and washes away the waste products of bacteria that live in the mouth.

Saliva is a special form of mouth moisturizing fluid, a kind of natural mouth cleaner. Any moisture can have a cleansing and dissolving effect; saliva, in addition, contains special components that kill bacteria and neutralize their metabolic products. When the mouth dries out, the salutary effects of saliva are greatly reduced. Neutralization of bacteria slows down, and conditions for their growth improve. Chronic dry mouth – xerostomia – can be a side effect of taking certain medications. Dry mouth can cause antihistamines (medicines for allergies and colds), antidepressants, drugs that regulate blood pressure, diuretics, tranquilizers, narcotic substances. With age, dry mouth may increase. Over time, our salivary glands stop working with the same efficiency, the composition of saliva also changes. This leads to the fact that the cleansing properties of saliva weaken. For people who have been suffering from xerostomia for a long time, periodontal disease (gum disease) occurs more often. Gum disease can also cause unpleasant odors.

Can periodontal disease cause an unpleasant smell?

Periodontal disease, which in everyday life is simply called "gum disease" can also cause bad breath. Ask any dentist – the smell of gum disease is very specific, and an experienced doctor can determine the presence of such a disease even before the patient begins to examine. Periodontal diseases are the second most common cause of bad breath (the first, as you remember, is the accumulation of bacteria). More often they occur in people over 35 years old – that is, the older a person is, the more likely it is that the problems with fresh breath are caused by the condition of his gums. Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the soft tissues surrounding the teeth. If such a disease is triggered, it can cause serious damage to the bone, in which "inserted" our teeth Often, if the disease progresses, gaps form between the teeth and gums (dentists call them "periodontal pockets"), which accumulates a large number of bacteria. These pockets are so deep that they are difficult to clean; bacteria that accumulate in them and their metabolic products also cause an unpleasant odor.

Can respiratory disease cause an unpleasant smell?

Of course, it can. Diseases of the upper respiratory tract, allergies – all of these diseases lead to the fact that the mucous secretions begin to flow from the nasal cavity into the mouth, through an opening in the region of the soft palate. The accumulation of these secretions in the mouth can also cause an unpleasant odor.

In people suffering from sinus disease, the nose is often stuffy, forcing them to breathe through the mouth. Breathing through the mouth makes it dry out, which, as we already know, also causes an unpleasant smell. With sinus disease, antihistamine (antiallergic) medications are often taken, which also contribute to dry mouth.

What dental diseases can cause unpleasant smell?

In most cases, the occurrence of an unpleasant smell in the mouth is associated with various diseases directly to the oral cavity. Any active infection in the mouth, associated, for example, with a tooth abscess or a partially erupted wisdom tooth, can cause an unpleasant odor. Extensive untreated carious cavities on the teeth can accumulate a large number of bacteria and food debris, which also cause an unpleasant smell. If you have these diseases, when you check up, your dentist will definitely identify them and suggest effective treatment methods.

Can other untreated diseases cause unpleasant smell?

Some diseases of the internal organs can also cause an unpleasant smell, although a more frequent cause is the accumulation of bacteria in the mouth. If the patient has tried all the usual ways of eliminating an unpleasant odor, but they have failed, then a visit to the therapist will not interfere. Your doctor, of course, knows which diseases are most likely in your case; but, for general information, bad breath can occur with diseases of the respiratory tract, liver, kidneys, and gastrointestinal diseases.

Can dentures cause an unpleasant smell?

Dentures (full, partial, removable and

Remove your dentures and place them in a closed container, such as a plastic lunch box. Close it tightly and leave for about five minutes. Then sharply open it and immediately smell it. About the smell from your mouth and feel the people with whom you speak.

Although in most cases the occurrence of bad breath is due to the accumulation of bacteria on the tongue, on the teeth or around them (periodontal disease), the bacteria can accumulate on the surface of dentures – and this also causes an unpleasant smell.

What is the main reason for the unpleasant smell?

In most cases, the occurrence of bad breath is associated with the state of the oral cavity. Namely – an unpleasant smell is usually caused by bacteria that inhabit it. Bacteria, like people, consume food and release its waste throughout life. Waste activity of some species of bacteria are sulfur compounds, and they are the cause of an unpleasant smell. Remember the smell of a rotten egg? This smell is also caused by the formation in the egg of a sulfur compound – hydrogen sulfide. The characteristic smell of compost heaps or stockyards also owes its "fragrance" the presence of sulfur compounds – methyl mercaptan. And both of these compounds secrete bacteria that live in our mouths. These substances have a common name. "volatile sulfur compounds" (Lss). Term "volatile" means that these substances evaporate quickly, even at normal temperatures. "Volatility" These compounds explain their ability to quickly penetrate, so to speak, into the noses of the people around us. Although these substances mainly form an unpleasant smell from the mouth, bacteria. living in the oral cavity, emit other products that have a very unpleasant odor. Here are some of them:

– Cadavrin – a substance that forms a characteristic odor of a corpse.

– Putrestsin – forming stench when meat is rotting.

– Skatol – the main component of the smell of human feces.

You will certainly be surprised to learn that in an ordinary human mouth there can be such "bouquet" unpleasant odors – but this is so, and, unfortunately, there are no exceptions. Each person in one degree or another has in his breath these, if I may say so, aromas. Fortunately, the human sense of smell does not catch these smells, if their concentration in breathing is low. Only when it rises, that characteristic unpleasant smell is formed.

What types of bacteria cause bad breath?

Most chemical compounds that cause an unpleasant odor (hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, cadavrin, putrescine, skatole) are secreted by anaerobic bacteria (their more accurate name is gram negative anaerobes). Term "anaerobic" means they live best and breed in places where there is no oxygen. In our mouths there is a constant struggle for the living space between the bacteria that produce the products that form an unpleasant odor, and other bacteria that do not. The freshness of our breathing is determined, strictly speaking, by the degree of equilibrium in the presence of those and other bacteria. Accumulation of plaque (white film that forms on the tongue and teeth – on the gumline and below) can change this balance in favor of bacteria that form an unpleasant odor. Imagine – a layer of plaque only one or two tenths of a millimeter thick (that is, about a banknote thickness) already contains no oxygen at all – that is, there is no better place for bacteria. Therefore, as the plaque accumulates, it is inhabited by more and more bacteria that form an unpleasant odor – which means that each of our breath contains more and more compounds secreted by these bacteria. What is the source of anaerobic bacteria that form an unpleasant smell?

Most bad-smelling substances that create bad breath, bacteria secrete after protein intake. That is, when we eat foods like meat or fish, they get their share of the food and the bacteria that live in our mouths. And the fact that they emit after a meal, and there are those very compounds. which cause an unpleasant smell. Anaerobic bacteria will find proteins – their favorite food – in anything, even in the cheeseburger you have eaten. In addition, in our mouths there is always for them and "natural" protein foods – for example, dead skin cells, or the numerous protein components contained in saliva. If you irregularly use a toothbrush and a thread, a real feast is formed for bacteria in your mouth – the remnants of food from today’s breakfast, yesterday’s dinner, the day before yesterday afternoon.

What foods contain the most protein?

Meat, fish and seafood, eggs, dairy products (milk, cheeses and yogurts) are all abundant in all these protein products. Most people get about two thirds of the protein they need. Other sources of protein include cereals and their products, nuts, and leguminous plants (peas, beans, and lentils). The ingredients that make up many of our favorite desserts (for example, cakes and pies) turn these delicious foods into real protein stores.

Where do bacteria cause unpleasant smell? In most cases, these bacteria accumulate on the tongue, but they have a lot of other "habitats".Tongue

Remember "experiment"which we recommended you do at the beginning of this section. Although the smell that forms in the anterior region of our tongue may not be the most pleasant, it is usually not the main source of fresh breath problems. Main "component" An unpleasant odor forms in the back region of the tongue. Go to the mirror, stick out your tongue and carefully examine it. You will surely see a whitish bloom on its surface. Closer to the back of the tongue, this patina becomes denser. The number of bacteria that accumulate on a human tongue depends on the texture of its surface. For people whose tongue surface has more folds, grooves and grooves, this amount will be larger than for people with a smoother surface of the tongue. In order to create in the white layer on the tongue a favorable environment for the life of bacteria –

Bacteria that cause an unpleasant odor feel quite comfortable in other, in addition to the language, areas of the oral cavity. Maybe you noticed that while brushing your teeth with a string, there is also sometimes an unpleasant smell. And perhaps this smell becomes more pronounced when you start brushing between the back teeth. In between the teeth, bacteria that form an unpleasant odor also take refuge. These areas dentists call "periodontal" ("paro" means "about", but "dont" – "tooth"). Even in a more or less healthy mouth, bacteria can find an oxygen-free (anaerobic) environment — for example, under the gumline, around and between the teeth. And in people suffering from periodontal disease ("gum disease"), the amount of such anaerobic "corners" increases by many times. Periodontal disease often leads to damage to the bone that surrounds the teeth. This, in turn, leads to the formation of dimples between the teeth and gums (dentists call them "periodontal pockets"). These pockets are usually very difficult or impossible to clean, and they become the ideal anaerobic environment in which bacteria live and multiply, causing an unpleasant odor.

How to get rid of unpleasant smell?

Since the main source of bad breath is the foul-smelling discharge of bacteria (volatile sulfur compounds), the main way to get rid of them is to clean the oral cavity so that:

– Deprive bacteria of nutrients.

– Reduce the number of bacteria that have already accumulated in the mouth.

– Weaken the anaerobic environment in which bacteria live and multiply.

– Do not allow the formation of new breeding centers of bacteria.

In addition, cleaners can be used that reduce the activity of the unpleasant smell of volatile sulfur compounds.

How to deprive bacteria of nutrients? As you remember, the main source of bad breath is the foul-smelling waste of bacteria that they secrete when they digest proteins. Therefore, people who adhere to vegetarian food (consisting mainly of fruits and vegetables) are less likely to have problems with the freshness of breath than those who consume a lot of protein foods, such as meat. In addition, it is very important to promptly and properly clean the mouth – especially after eating protein-rich foods. After the end of breakfast, lunch or dinner, tiny particles of food remain in our mouths, which get stuck between the teeth, and also settle in a white coating on the back of the tongue. And since it is in these places that anaerobic bacteria that cause an unpleasant odor accumulate, then without clearing your mouth properly after eating, you will thereby provide them with sufficient nutrients for a long time. To get rid of the unpleasant smell, you need to brush your teeth and gums

Bacteria that secrete products that form an unpleasant odor from the mouth also live in plaque that builds up on the teeth and on the gum line. In order to reduce this plaque, prevent its further accumulation and remove food debris, "delayed" In the mouth and serving as bacteria, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the teeth and gums with a toothbrush and dental floss. About dental floss let us remind you again. If you do not carefully clean the gaps between the teeth every day, where the toothbrush cannot penetrate, it is unlikely that you will be able to part with an unpleasant smell from the mouth. Visit your dentist

If after all the measures taken, the smell from the mouth does not disappear, call and make an appointment with your dentist, where you can not only discuss the problem in detail, but also carry out the necessary procedures for cleaning your mouth. This may be the best solution because:

1) Not all people know how to most effectively operate with dental floss and dental cheek. After examining your mouth, the doctor will teach you the necessary techniques.

2) Effective tooth brushing can be hampered by the buildup on them. Your dentist will remove it.

3) If you have signs of periodontal disease ("gum disease"), the doctor will identify them and provide you with appropriate treatment. Periodontal disease can seriously damage your teeth and the surrounding bone. At the same time between the teeth and gums are formed deep "pockets"bacteria, in which it is so deep that it is difficult or even impossible to clean it.

4) During the examination, your doctor will identify – if any – other untreated diseases that may increase the unpleasant odor.

5) If it seems unlikely to your doctor. that it is these diseases that cause the unpleasant smell, he will ask you to make an appointment with the therapist and give appropriate explanations. You need to thoroughly clean the tongue

Since most people tend to ignore this procedure, try to make it part of your daily oral care. Very often the use of one of this method – without additional measures – helps to eliminate the unpleasant smell. Remember again "experiment"which we recommended you do at the beginning of this section. Then we found that the front of the tongue has a less unpleasant smell than the back. This is because the frontal region of the tongue is constantly self-cleaning – and therefore less anaerobic bacteria accumulate on it. In the process of movement of the tongue, its front part constantly rubs against the hard palate – and this is how purification takes place. prevents the accumulation of bacteria. Unlike the front, the back of the tongue in contact with it only in contact with the soft sky. At the same time effective cleaning does not work. Therefore, bacteria that cause an unpleasant odor accumulate mainly on the back of the tongue, and therefore this area needs to be cleaned periodically.

How to clean the language?

In order to clean the back of the tongue, there are several ways, but they all pursue the same goal – to remove bacteria and food debris that accumulate in this area. When cleaning the tongue – no matter what method you use – you need to try to penetrate as far as possible in order to clean as much of its surface as possible. If you start to choke – do not be surprised. This is a natural reaction, but over time this reflex should weaken.

How to clean the tongue with a toothbrush or a special brush

To clean the surface of the tongue, you can use a toothbrush or a special brush to clean the tongue. Start cleaning from the farthest areas you can reach, then gradually shift the brush movements (directed towards the front) to the front area of ​​the tongue. Movement should be made with some pressure on the surface of the tongue – but, of course, not too strong, so as not to cause irritation. To clean your tongue more effectively, you can use toothpaste, because it contains the same ingredients as mouth cleansing fluids. You can learn more about this on the page dedicated to oral cleaners. Pastes that neutralize volatile sulfur compounds. Since it is LSS that causes an unpleasant odor, toothpastes containing neutralizing LSS, such as chlorine dioxide or zinc, improve the freshness of your breath. Pastes that have antibacterial properties

If the paste you use contains antibacterial substances — for example, chlorine dioxide or cetylpyridone chloride — when cleaning your tongue you can "expel"and destroy anaerobic bacteria.

Although cleaning the tongue with a toothbrush can bring quite satisfactory results, many people prefer to use a special spoon to scrape the tongue, believing this method is more effective. Some patients claim that they choke less when scraping the tongue with a spoon than when cleaning it with a toothbrush or special brushes. In order to test your reaction to this method, you can spend a simple experiment. Take the usual spoon in the kitchen (better teahouse than a dining room), turn it over and try to scrape her tongue. To do this, touch the back surface of the tongue with a spoon, press it slightly and pull it forward. Do it carefully, but without effort. Do not scrape too much – this may irritate the surface of the tongue. If scraping as a method has no objection to you, buy a special spoon from a pharmacy designed for this purpose. It is quite possible that she will clean out her tongue more effectively than a teaspoon.

What kinds of liquid mouth cleaners can help get rid of an unpleasant odor? Liquid mouth rinses, if used along with regular and effective cleaning of the tongue, brushing your teeth and floss, can also help a lot in getting rid of an unpleasant smell. You should not only rely on rinses and neglect the other measures listed. The ability of liquid rinse to effectively deal with bad breath is associated with some of its properties, namely:

A) Antibacterial properties. If the rinse has the ability to kill bacteria, it can help reduce the amount of anaerobic bacteria in the mouth. Since it is these bacteria that emit volatile sulfur compounds, which in turn form an unpleasant odor from the mouth, the less these bacteria are in the mouth, the better.

B) Ability to neutralize volatile sulfur compounds. The rinsing agent contains components that have the ability to neutralize volatile sulfur compounds and the substances that form them. As you remember, volatile sulfur compounds are smelly substances that form an unpleasant odor. If the cleaner is able to reduce their content in your breath, then it will naturally be more fresh.

Below are some substances that have the ability to effectively neutralize unpleasant odor. These substances are usually found in rinses sold in pharmacies. A) Rinses containing chlorine dioxide or sodium chlorite (Antibacterial / Neutralize volatile sulfur compounds)

Many dentists believe that rinses containing chlorine dioxide or sodium chlorite forming its substance play an essential role in neutralizing unpleasant smell from the mouth. Research data suggests that chlorine dioxide has a twofold effect:

Chlorine dioxide is an oxidizing substance (this means that it releases oxygen). Since most bacteria that cause an unpleasant odor are anaerobic (that is, they prefer to live in places where there is no oxygen), exposure to an oxidizing substance helps to reduce their numbers, which, accordingly, reduces the unpleasant smell.

Chlorine dioxide also affects the level of volatile sulfur compounds in the mouth. It neutralizes those compounds that bacteria have already isolated, and at the same time destroys the substances from which these compounds are subsequently formed. The result – the concentration of volatile sulfur compounds in the mouth is sharply reduced, and breathing, of course, becomes cleaner. B) Rinses containing zinc (Neutralize volatile sulfur compounds)

Studies have shown that rinses containing zinc ions can also reduce the concentration of volatile sulfur compounds. It is believed that this is due to the ability of zinc ions to destroy those substances from which bacteria "make" sulfur compounds. B) Mouthwashes "antiseptic" Type (Antibacterial)

"Antiseptic" cleaners (for example, "Listerine" and its equivalents are also considered suitable neutralizing agents for unpleasant odors. The effectiveness of these products is related to their ability to kill the bacteria that produce volatile sulfur compounds. However, these compounds themselves "antiseptic" rinses can not destroy. Many dentists believe that "antiseptic" rinses are not the best choice. These statements are also due to the fact that "antiseptic" rinses high alcohol content (often about 25 percent). Alcohol is a strong desiccant (dehydrating agent), and therefore dries the soft tissues of the mouth. And if you remember our section on xerostomia, it is dry mouth that can be one of the causes of an unpleasant odor. D) Conditioners containing cetyl pyridone chloride (Antibacterial)

Cetylpyridone chloride (cetylpyridinium chloride) is a component that is sometimes included in the composition of liquid rinses. Possessing an antibacterial effect, it helps reduce the number of anaerobic bacteria. Do mint tablets, lozenges, drops, sprays and chewing gum help to get rid of the unpleasant smell?

Like liquid rinses, peppermint tablets, lozenges, drops, sprays, chewing gum and

Bacteria that form an unpleasant odor live on the surface and in the depth of white bloom that accumulates on the teeth, gums, tongue and around them. The antibacterial rinse cannot by itself penetrate the depth of this raid, and therefore, before applying such a cleaner, it is better to remove as much of the raid as you can in the ways you are used to – by scraping the tongue, brushing the teeth and flossing. After rinsing your mouth after these procedures, you can remove the remaining bacteria. Rinse should not just be collected in the mouth, and how to rinse it. Say before rinsing "aaaa" – This will allow you to stick out the tongue, so that the rinse falls on its back area, where bacteria accumulate. After rinsing, rinse aid should be spit out immediately. That is why children should not be allowed to use a rinse – they may accidentally swallow it. How to clean dentures

If your dentist has dentures in your mouth, he must explain to you. how to clean them. Since bacteria accumulate on your dentures in the same way as on natural teeth, on tongue and gums, the doctor will advise you to clean your dentures with a conventional toothbrush or a special brush, both external and internal. After cleaning the dentures, they should be placed in a container with an antiseptic liquid (which one – your dentist will also advise you). What measures can you take on your own to get rid of the unpleasant smell?

Drink more water. Oddly enough, but consuming large amounts of water throughout the day will also help you to reduce the unpleasant odor. With a lack of water, your body will try to keep it, thereby reducing the formation of saliva, and it will be less efficient to dissolve and wash away the bacteria and their secretions that form an unpleasant odor. A sufficient amount of daily water intake is especially important for those suffering from xerostomia (chronic dry mouth). Rinse your mouth with water Rinse your mouth with plain water will also help you loosen the unpleasant smell for a short period of time. Rinsing also dissolves and flushes out bacteria that harm the freshness of your breath. Stimulate saliva secretion. This will also help you to reduce the unpleasant smell. You remember that saliva cleanses the mouth, dissolves and washes away bacteria and their secretions. The easiest way to stimulate the secretion of saliva is to chew something. When chewing – whatever – your body feels like you are eating, and therefore it gives a signal to increase saliva secretion. (Saliva is a very important component when digesting food). You can, for example, chew the seeds of cloves, dill, mint or parsley. Mint tablets, chewing gum and mints can help the salivation. But: if you prefer these products, make sure that there is no sugar in them. Sugar promotes the growth of those bacteria that can cause tooth decay. Watch your mouth hygiene very carefully after consuming protein foods. Anaerobic bacteria secrete volatile sulfur compounds — the cause of an unpleasant smell — as a result of protein intake. After eating meat, fish, or any other protein-rich food, clean your mouth thoroughly so that the smallest particles of protein food do not serve as a breeding ground for anaerobic bacteria.

Treatment of helminths contributes to the elimination of bad breath in children. In the scientific medical literature several terms are used to define bad breath: halitosis, ozostomiya, stomatologic, fetor oris. Researchers at the Medical University of Zonguldak, Turkey, reported the results of a recent study. Scientists note that parents often notice bad breath in children with intestinal helminthiases (especially with enterobiasis), which disappears after the eradication of helminths. Scientists suggest that the cause of an unpleasant smell may be stagnation of intestinal contents due to the presence of parasites.

The study involved 162 children aged 5 to 16 years who have bad breath. The patients were randomized into two groups, one of which received mebendazole (82 children), and the other – placebo (80 children). Mebendazole was used in a dose of 100 mg 2 times a day for 3 days, placebo was used according to the same scheme.

As the results of the study showed, 52 or 16 of the children had 1 or more intestinal parasites, of which 28 children who received mebendazole and 24 children who received placebo. It should be noted that the cure of halitosis was achieved in 18 (64%) patients treated with mebendazole and in 2 (8%) patients from the control group.

The results obtained are quite unexpected, as it was previously known that bad breath can be caused by diseases of the oral cavity, the paranasal sinuses, but not intestinal parasites.

Caries, salivation, hard food and even stress can cause bad breath in a child or an adult. Experts offer a list of possible causes and methods of dealing with this unpleasant phenomenon. Bad breath causes hostility of others, forcing a person to be embarrassed and behave constrained. From here – uncertainty and intensity of behavior. The reasons for the occurrence of an unpleasant odor can be very different: diseases of the teeth and mouth, stomach problems, diabetes, and even your emotional state. Children as often as adults suffer from this phenomenon. We asked for clarification from three specialists: gastroenterologist Dr. Alize Dark, pediatrician Dr. Benny Michael and dietician Anat Berkovich. The information received is in front of you.

• Insufficient oral hygiene – caries, untreated teeth, problem gums, improper brushing of teeth, eating so-called “junk food” and sweets in large quantities leads to the creation of a colony of pathogenic bacteria with a characteristic odor in the mouth. Dr. Michael and Dr. Dark Dark is recommended to regularly (once every six months) visit the dentist with the child and monitor the thorough cleaning of the teeth at least twice a day (before bedtime and after waking up). “It’s no secret that children don’t like to brush their teeth, but until a certain age they don’t know how to do it properly,” says Dr. Michaeli. – Parents are often inferior, as a result, the child’s mouth becomes a true preserve of microbes. Therefore, it is important to ensure that the child was cleaning, or at least rinsed his teeth after each meal, especially after sweets. ” Dr. Dark adds that it is important to teach the child to brush their teeth, starting with the very first teeth that have erupted, this creates a habit and subsequently the child will not resist cleaning the teeth.

• Fungal diseases of the oral cavity – white spots on the oral mucosa may indicate the presence of a fungal disease. Dr. Michaeli says: “In the mouth and larynx of every person there is a certain amount of microorganisms and fungi – in strict balance. Bacteria ensure that fungi do not multiply too – and vice versa. If the balance is disturbed, inflammation or infection occurs. As a rule, a fungal infection appears on the tongue, lips, or inside of the cheek in the form of white “kernels.” Treat the disease with the help of special ointments prescribed only by a doctor. By reducing the amount of starch-rich foods in a child’s diet, we reduce the risk of fungal infections of the oral mucosa. But if the disease has arisen – contact your doctor. ”

• Plaque on the tongue – both children and adults need to brush their tongue in the same way as their teeth. Otherwise, food debris can get stuck in the irregularities of the tongue, causing microbes to multiply. You need to brush your tongue every time you brush your teeth, gently acting with a wet toothbrush. Babies can wipe the tongue with wet clean gauze. • Mucus in the sinuses – accumulation of mucus in the nasopharynx and sinuses of the face is common and requires immediate treatment of the disease. Sometimes during the illness there is an unpleasant taste in the mouth and bad breath. Some children suffer from chronic sinusitis or seasonal allergies. As a result, not only the accumulation of mucus, but also constant breathing through the mouth (drying out the natural moisture of the nasopharynx) leads to the smell from the mouth. In most cases, you have to resort to drops and nasal sprays. The otolaryngologist will prescribe the appropriate treatment for the child (and the adult). • Breathing through the mouth – children who breathe through their mouths (especially at night) often suffer from unpleasant smell from the mouth, because with such breathing the mucous membranes of the mouth dry up. Therefore, this phenomenon should not be neglected – the otolaryngologist will be able to establish the diagnosis and will help the child to begin breathing again with his nose, as it is provided by nature.

• Tonsils – The particular structure of the tonsils or larynx (for example, the folds of the larynx, which are relatively rare) can become a place where food remains. As a result, there is a colony of bacteria or microbes that create bad breath.

• Stomach – the work of the stomach is always accompanied by smell, but increased acidity or accumulation of gastric juice can make it unpleasant. Sometimes this happens as a result of eating heavy or spoiled food, which is more common with adults. Dr. Dark: “If a child complains of pain in the abdomen and he has bad breath, it is possible that after eliminating other causes, your pediatrician will refer the child to a gastroenterologist for consultation.”

• Stress and fears – one of the frequent reactions to emotional stress is the drying of the oral mucosa or, conversely, excess saliva. As already mentioned, this can cause bad breath. • Malnutrition – a balanced and varied diet is a good prevention against the occurrence of bad breath. According to nutritionist Anat Berkovich, “junk food”, heavy, oily and poorly digestible food can cause poor digestion, increase the acidity of the stomach and lead to many unpleasant consequences. Therefore, Berkovich advises from early childhood to teach children to eat healthy food, creating a habit of vegetable dishes and fresh fruit, as far as possible limit the use of a variety of “fast food” products like chips, pizza and other snacks. It should be remembered that even peanut treats that are considered useful contain a lot of fat and salt. Dr. Michaeli recommends replacing chocolate and other sweets with similar delicacies from a natural food store, as well as teaching children to drink mineral water, as it removes some of the body waste. From the world

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