Almost every second woman is exposed to toxicity during pregnancy. In general, toxicosis is accompanied by nausea, dizziness and vomiting. Such symptoms haunt a woman most often in the first trimester and seriously complicate life, but you can still get rid of them, if not completely, then to a large extent, to reduce the manifestations of toxicosis. It must be remembered that for each woman an individual approach is necessary and, first of all, it is necessary to figure out what constitutes toxicosis.
Development of toxicosis
Why do some women develop toxemia, while others do not and what is the reason? An unequivocal answer to this question will not be able to give even qualified professionals. Some scientists are inclined to believe that the manifestation of toxicosis is a hereditary predisposition and is associated with certain hormones. In general, toxicosis causes hormonal disturbances, changes in the physiological characteristics of the woman’s body during pregnancy, as well as immunological changes and stress on the central nervous system.
It is changes in the nervous system that have a tangible effect on the gastrointestinal tract, which manifests itself in the form of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, as well as increased salivation. Some chronic diseases in women associated with the stomach and intestines, can strengthen all manifestations of toxicosis in the early stages of pregnancy. It is believed that toxicosis is a kind of natural way to protect the fetus from the effects of harmful and unnecessary products.
Three degrees of toxicosis
Toxicosis occurs in all women with some differences. There are three degrees of toxicosis that accompany the course of pregnancy – mild, moderate and severe. Mild symptoms include nausea, and sometimes vomiting after meals and in the morning, mostly no more than 3-5 times a day. There is a decrease in appetite, which sometimes leads to a small loss of weight, up to 3 kg, as well as a general depression. In such cases, a special diet is prescribed. Foods that cause nausea and vomiting are excluded. In addition, the doctor may prescribe sedatives that reduce the excessive excitability of the nervous system and drugs that remove toxic substances from the body.
The average degree is characterized by increased bouts of nausea and vomiting, the number of which increases up to ten times a day. Appetite is worsening, a significant weight loss is possible, a depressed psychological state of a woman is noted. In some cases, vomiting happens once a day, but nausea and the urge to vomit begin at the sight and smell of any food. In such cases, it is necessary to consult a doctor who will prescribe the correct treatment. If the average severity of toxicosis lasts a long time, it may be necessary to perform infusion therapy to compensate for the lack of fluid and nutrients in the woman’s body.
With severe toxicosis, which is accompanied by frequent vomiting and complete refusal of food, urgent hospitalization is necessary. In such cases, the pregnant woman can not even drink water, which leads to rapid dehydration, metabolic disorders and a significant deterioration in overall health. In cases where the treatment does not give any results, this may be the reason for the termination of this pregnancy.
It is worth noting that frequent and rather severe vomiting in pregnant women is noted much less frequently, if in time to consult a doctor who will prompt the correct treatment. Significantly alleviate the manifestation of symptoms of toxicosis can, if properly balanced diet, eliminate foods that cause irritation, do special exercises, spend more time outdoors and follow all the recommendations of a specialist. In many cases, compliance with all these aspects helps to completely get rid of vomiting, and sometimes, from nausea. Particular attention should be paid to walks on the street, preferably in the park, the body receives a sufficient amount of oxygen, which has a positive effect on all internal processes in the woman’s body. In addition, blood circulation is improved during such walks, which is also necessary for the full functioning of all systems during pregnancy.
Very often morning nausea and vomiting caused by a sharp change in body position, and therefore should refrain from a quick jump from the bed. After waking up, you need to remain in bed for some time, so that the body gradually transitions to the waking state. If, while in bed, a woman still develops nausea, you need to eat at least a small amount of carbohydrate product, for example, a slice of black bread or crackers. This will help to cope with nausea and prevent vomiting. Good herbal teas help well, chamomile tea has a beneficial effect on the digestive processes, is an anti-inflammatory product and relieves nausea. Some women are helped by nausea in acidic foods, such as lemon, apple and kiwi, which are also rich in trace elements, vitamins and nutrients.
The diet should be taken seriously, to limit the consumption of large amounts of fatty, spicy and smoked products. There are plenty of vegetable products, vegetables, berries, fruits, and cereals, they are very nutritious and useful for the health of the mother, and for the full development of the baby. It is best to eat in small portions, but often. In addition, it is important to remember that too hot or cold food is a strong irritant of the stomach.
Basically, when vomiting in the body, acidic products accumulate, and therefore it is better to use alkaline drink, this will help reduce or completely eliminate the feeling of nausea and vomiting. It is recommended to drink more mineral water, preferably without gas, be sure to add a small amount of fresh lemon to tea. When vomiting has a beneficial effect on the body, tea from mint or melissa, as well as valerian, which is brewed as tea, it helps to relieve excessive nervous tension, and improves nighttime sleep. Drinking, like food, should not be too cold or hot, it irritates the stomach wall.
Specially developed gymnastics for pregnant women helps to eliminate frequent bouts of nausea and vomiting. Exercises aimed at improving breathing and stretching muscles are recommended. In general, during physical activity, blood circulation improves, all cells of the body are saturated with oxygen, which affects the full functioning of all systems in a woman’s body.
How to relieve attacks of toxemia?
In addition to a balanced diet, taking vitamins, herbal soothing teas and gymnastics, there are several ways that our great-grandmothers used to facilitate the flow of toxicosis during pregnancy – infusions and decoctions of natural medicinal herbs. Doctors say that such decoctions have a positive effect on the entire body as a whole, since it has anti-inflammatory and sedative properties.
To normalize the gastrointestinal tract and eliminate the occurrence of nausea and vomiting, you can prepare the following decoction. For its preparation, wormwood will be needed – 8 parts, yarrow – 2 parts and St. John’s wort – 2 parts. It is necessary to grind the ingredients and mix with each other. One tablespoon of the mixture is poured a glass of boiling water and infused in a sealed container for fifteen minutes. Take this broth to 3 times a day before meals for 1/3 cup.
To relieve irritability and nausea, as well as to improve general well-being and to normalize sleep, such a drug collection is suitable. It is necessary to take in equal proportions chamomile flowers, valerian root, fruits of fennel and cumin and mint leaves, chop it all and mix thoroughly. A tablespoon of the mixture obtained is poured with one glass of boiling water and infused for about 20-30 minutes. It is necessary to drink such broth for the night before a dream on ½ glasses.
To prevent morning sickness, it is recommended to use peppermint essential oil. A few drops of oil can be dropped directly on a pillow before bedtime or on a handkerchief, which is left at the headboard.
When pregnancy vomits
Pregnancy makes every woman truly beautiful. At the same time, it brings a lot of anxiety and ailments. Nausea and vomiting are present in half of expectant mothers. This is one of the very first signs of toxicosis in pregnant women. Vomiting may appear as a manifestation of early toxicosis, due to any disease or due to functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.
Vomiting in early pregnancy
Most often, vomiting occurs after attacks of nausea on the background of heartburn, poor appetite and increased sensitivity to odors. These symptoms manifest as early as the fifth to sixth week of pregnancy. Morning deterioration of health appears after sudden movements, eating and sharp smells. Severe persistent vomiting leads to dehydration, weight loss and deterioration of the general condition. Treatment is prescribed if vomiting occurs more often five times a day.
Vomiting in late pregnancy
In late pregnancy, vomiting happens unexpectedly against the background of well-being. The cause is food that your stomach does not perceive. During pregnancy, he is most sensitive. So nature tries to protect your baby. The reason may be overeating, when the enlarged uterus presses on the stomach. Many women have problems with bowels and stomachs before giving birth. The body is trying to get rid of all the excess before the difficult work. Treatment in such cases is rarely prescribed. First of all, you need to adjust your diet, eat in small portions, sleep on a hill using the knee-elbow position. If the last month was unexpectedly bad, it can speak about the onset of labor.
Vomiting during pregnancy, what to do?
Very often, an unpleasant condition can be alleviated by changing daily habits. In the morning, before getting up in bed, eat a toast or biscuit and drink a few sips of water. Get out of bed after a while. It is better to rest in a semi-sitting position, lifting the upper body.
Drink enough liquid and do not starve; eat fractionally. Avoid spicy, fatty and smoked foods. For snacks, choose fruits, vegetables, and light dairy drinks. For breakfast, eat protein chicken eggs and boiled meat. Vitamin B6 helps eliminate nausea and prevent vomiting. It is found in cabbage, carrots, walnuts, wheat, potatoes, bananas. Useful and first courses – light broths and soups. Warm and liquid food is well perceived by the stomach. If drinking causes vomiting, try to suck on the ice and drink in small sips between breaks of food, and not during. Mineral water or ginger tea helps many people. You can cut the lemon and inhale its flavor. It eliminates nausea and vomiting well.
Walk more outdoors. This contributes to the enrichment of blood with oxygen and has a beneficial effect on the health of the future mother and baby. Take the necessary vitamin and mineral complexes. They compensate for the deficiency of essential trace elements that leave the body during vomiting. Avoid unpleasant smells that cause you discomfort.
Vomiting during pregnancy bile
Vomiting of bile during pregnancy occurs when it is very frequent, or the contents are thrown into the duodenum and stomach. This is called duodenal-gastric reflux. The appearance of bile is a very disturbing symptom. This happens on an empty stomach, so when you wake up, be sure to eat something and drink a small amount of water. When bile appears in vomit, you need to urgently call an ambulance.
Vomiting blood during pregnancy
The appearance of blood in the vomit during pregnancy speaks of Melori-Weiss syndrome. If this happens repeatedly, the vomiting movements contribute to the appearance of cracks in the gastric mucosa, where it passes into the esophagus. This is very dangerous for a pregnant woman. The presence of blood can speak and he has a stomach ulcer or varicose veins of the esophagus.
Diarrhea and vomiting during pregnancy
The appearance of diarrhea on the background of nausea and vomiting occurs with intestinal infections. This is dysentery, salmonellosis, aggravation of gastroenteritis. They are accompanied by fever. This is extremely dangerous, so you need to urgently call a doctor.
Severe vomiting during pregnancy
If a pregnant woman treats herself carefully and observes the necessary regimen, then stylish vomiting is very rare. This is a serious disease that leads to the breakdown of important systems and organs. There is an imbalance in carbohydrate, salt and fat metabolism. Hypovitaminosis, accumulation of toxins in the body, a change in metabolism and metabolic acidosis appear. Changes in the kidneys, liver and other organs are possible. The woman feels bad, she has weakness, irritability and headaches. With frequent, more than twenty times a day attacks from the body comes not only water, but also food. This is accompanied by increased salivation, which greatly aggravates the condition and leads to weight loss. The skin becomes flabby and dry, it smells like acetone unpleasantly from the mouth, and a patina is visible on the tongue. On palpation, the abdomen is painful. There is tachycardia, and there is an increase in body temperature to 38 ° C. A protein appears in the urine, and a blood test shows an increase in the content of nitrogen and bilirubin. The sclera may be yellow due to liver problems. If during the time not to take the necessary measures, then with an increase in intoxication and dystrophy, there is a likelihood of coma and death. Severe prognosis is given by the following symptoms:
- prolonged tachycardia;
- nervous system disorders;
- increased body temperature;
The treatment is carried out in the hospital and includes a set of measures:
- recovery of the nervous system;
- normalization of water balance and nutrition;
- treatment of associated diseases;
- restoration of the metabolic process in the body.
Conditions of a favorable emotional background and rest are created for the pregnant woman. It is necessary to wait for complete recovery so that vomiting does not resume again. Successfully applied methods of psychotherapy and hypnosis. Food is taken lying down and in small portions. It should be enriched with vitamins and well digested.