Age 1 year and 3 months – one of the most exciting in the life of your baby. The child becomes more curious, interested in the outside world, it requires a lot of attention and care. Parents note that every day becomes a surprise: today the child learned a new gesture, tomorrow he started walking, and the next minute he grabbed candy from the table. At this time, it is necessary to control the regime and constantly observe, since age is difficult and unsafe: the child is still not thinking well, but he is already trying to stick his hands in the most unexpected places, jump, climb, grab and play.
The norms of physical development of children
The World Health Association has developed universal growth and weight indicators. They testify to the health and full development of the baby at the age of 1 year and 3 months.
- height – 76-82 cm;
- weight – 9-11.5 kg;
- head circumference – 45-48 cm.
- height – 74-80 cm;
- weight – 9.5-11 kg;
- head circumference – 44-47 cm.
At this age, the baby is already becoming independent. He prefers to do traditional business without adult participation.
At 1 year and 3 months, the child’s day regimen remains unchanged: if your crumb prefers to sleep twice a day, there is nothing wrong with that. True, many babies are already switching over to one day rest, and the sleep pattern is also changing. Sleep at this age should be at least 13 hours, at night the child rests 11 hours, the rest of the time – during the day.
A year and three months is a time when food becomes more and more like an adult diet, but we must not forget that porridges, fruit purees, juices, and sour milk products should be served to the table. It is important to carefully feed the baby and carefully monitor the reaction of the body, if you enter a new product: this food can cause a violent allergic reaction, so either refuse experiments, or include a small amount of new products in the diet. What dishes to cook? The recipes by which you can cook dishes are simple enough, the main thing is to stick to the measure. The parents choose their meal schedule taking into account the daily regimen.
Every day, the baby should receive nutrients, minerals and vitamins, in his diet must include meat and dairy products, fruits, vegetables, cereals, flour products. At least twice a week they give fish, three times – cottage cheese, sour cream, eggs. A child should eat about 80-100 grams of meat per day, and up to 100 grams – of fish. Particular attention is paid to drinks: parents make sure that the crumb gets enough juices, teas, fruit drinks, compotes of fresh or dried fruit.
Vegetables in the diet of a child of this age occupy a very important place – they provide the crumbs with the bulk of vitamins and minerals
In addition to the traditional three meals a day, snack and snack after dinner are required. At this time, you can give a glass of kefir, eat a few cookies or a banana – it is important that the stomach is not overloaded. For the baby in the menu will not be superfluous and mother’s milk. Drinks should be given at any time, especially in summer, when the crumbs are thirsty.
The menu may consist of the following dishes:
- Milk buckwheat
- Butter Sandwich
- Beet caviar with apple
- Steam omelette
- Tea with milk
- Sandwich with butter
- Milk porridge with pumpkin and millet
- Cheese And Butter Sandwich
- Rice soup with grated vegetables
- Fish tits with seafood
- Mashed potatoes
- Fruit compote
- Milk soup with potatoes and carrots (we recommend reading: recipes for milk soups for children)
- Turkey Steam Cutlets
- Vegetable Garnish
- Fruit juice
- Egg Flake Broth
- Lazy cabbage rolls with beef
- Kissel with broth hips
- Fruit puree
- Pancakes with apple
- Cottage cheese with tomatoes
- Potato zrazy
- Boiled pumpkin with apples
- Rice with carrot puree
- Buckwheat dessert with pumpkin
- Fruit puree
- Tea with milk
Child development and skills
At the age of a year and three months, the child becomes very emotional, he is already happy with new toys, the appearance of parents, is able to copy facial expressions and adult behavior. He is glad to come to other kids, he is able to quickly get involved in games, get infected with emotions – so, if someone starts crying, he can do the same.
Emotions at this time are dynamic, they quickly replace each other. If a minute ago the crumb was laughing and defiantly laughing, now joy can be replaced by tears. On the other hand, to distract him is also quite simple, the process of calm will take a little time (we recommend reading: how to teach a child to be determined by the time on the clock?).
The child tries to attract the attention of adults, for this he constantly flirts and looks into your eyes, sometimes just naughty. In the eyes you can already read surprise, joy, interest and other emotions.
Most often, in 1 year and 3 months, crumbs already know how to walk freely and even run. They overcome obstacles with ease, make turns, bends, and are able to consciously play without losing their balance. The baby does not forget the direction of movement – being distracted by the fallen toy, he will lift it, and then continue moving. Curiosity becomes the main character trait, so he climbs up on sofas, chairs and armchairs to see new and interesting objects.
He is also able to lift the handles upwards, pull them to the sides at the request of adults – this is required when you want to lift it. Not going to be an obstacle and overcoming a few steps up the stairs.
At 1 year and 3 months, the child is not yet able to speak well, but must understand the words of adults who speak to him. The volume of known items is constantly increasing, and the names are set on the fly, it is not even necessary to teach new words – he remembers many things on his own. At this time, he can perform some light instructions – carry toys, put them in a closet, or sit on a high chair.
The child already knows all the names of his toys, relatives and close people with whom he constantly has to communicate. He speaks his own simplified language, can pronounce up to 20 words, although parents are only learning to understand him.
The age of 1 year and 3 months is the time when a helpless crumb turns into a real helper, able to carry out various assignments, to participate in household chores. At 15 months, the ability to ask for a pot appears (we recommend reading: how to quickly teach a child to ask for a pot?) – it’s time to start learning. Chado at this time:
- asks to teach him new activities, to show how to do something himself;
- he already knows how to keep a spoon in a fist, drinks himself from a mug (we recommend reading: how to properly teach a child to hold a spoon and eat?);
- attempts to eat on their own, however, this is still not working well;
- but it can wash well and wash hands, does it with great pleasure.
The ability to eat independently mastered gradually, but at this age the baby is already capable of more meaningful logical actions that will eventually give the desired result.
Educational activities for the baby
Games will help develop children’s everyday skills. You can take a child with something very interesting and enjoyable – for example, ask him to feed a doll, shake her bed, bring mom a spoon, spread out a napkin on the table. The crumb must help his parents, because it gives him incredible pleasure, allows him to organize leisure, play with benefit, develop behavioral skills.
It is worth taking the baby role-playing games, when behavioral patterns are formed.
Useful exercises that improve development:
- Do simple gymnastics so that the child repeats the exercises, happily performs them with cheerful music. For example, songs Zheleznov. It is worth learning a couple of songs, repeating them for a week, and then adding new songs.
- Try to remove and put on rings on a stick – this is an important and necessary skill that will improve the development of dexterity and accuracy of movements. Enough 5 minutes of exercise per day.
- The search for a pair – developmental activities, just spread out mittens, gloves and socks, asking to find a similar object.
- Roll the ball – first from a small distance, then increase it.
- Place toys and other obstacles on the floor so that the child is able to pass the entire strip, stepping over objects or bypassing them. You can take a car with you, push it or pull the rope.