Open class lesson (preparing children for school), topic: “Journey to Mexico”
Authors: Davydova Svetlana Alekseevna, Davydov Denis Viktorovich.
Show countries on the map. Greeting. Pronghorn (solution of examples). “Football” (orientation on a sheet of paper). “Count the Mexicans” (score). “Measure the height of cacti and compare them” (measurement with a ruler). “Compare the plumage of the Indians” (comparison). “Circle the sombrero” (preparing the hand for the letter). Cucaracha (dynamic pause). “What is growing in Mexico” (division into syllables). “Mexican money” (sound analysis). “Tarantula – tarantula” (scheme of the proposal). “Pyramid” (graphic dictation). “Go through the Sonoran Desert” (labyrinth). “Who lives in Mexico” (reading). “Taco” (creativity).
World map. Worksheets. Rulers, pens, pencils. Sheets of paper in the form of a football field, colored silhouette pictures of a soccer ball. “Forks from paper cups, turned upside down and inserted in the holes with forks with examples written on them, forks with written numbers-answers. Pictures: cactus, Indian, peso, football, desert, sombrero, pyramid, lemon, tomato, coffee, onion, avocado, chocolate, chili pepper, waterfall, volcano, raccoon, tarantula, skunk, flag, jaguar, bean, monarch butterfly, gray whale, pronghorn, peanuts. Cards with the words: cactus, Indian, peso, football, desert, sombrero, pyramid, lemon, tomato, coffee, onion, avocado, chocolate, chili pepper, waterfall, volcano, raccoon, tarantula, skunk, flag, jaguar, bean, butterfly monarch, gray whale, pronghorn, peanuts. Video of “Cucaracha”. Scissors, a circle drawn on paper, glue-stick, carved silhouette pictures “fillings”.
Worksheet for the lesson:
(Available in two versions, for older children and younger ones, look in the archive).
Here in North America is the country of Mexico. Its capital is the main city of Mexico City – the largest city in the world.
Since we are in Mexico, let’s greet each other as the Mexicans do. Tell each other "Ola"!
Pronghorn (solution of examples)
It lives in Mexico; a pronghorn, a ruminant, hoofed animal, named after its hooked horns. Pick up your second whelp with a corresponding horn. (In the paper cup, turned upside down, a fork is inserted with an example, the children pick up the fork with the answer to the given example and insert it into an empty hole. For five-year plans: there is a figure on one fork, on another point.
“Football” (orientation on a sheet of paper)
Modern Mexicans love to play football. We will play and. Put the ball in the center of the field, goal – the ball in the right net, the goal – the ball in the left net, the ball in the upper left corner, the ball in the lower right corner, the ball in the upper right corner, the ball in the lower left corner, the ball in the middle of the field.
“Count Mexicans” (score)
Count the Mexican and mark their number as a number.
“Measure the height of cacti and compare them” (measurement with a ruler)
Mexico can be called “the land of cacti” (photo display) – because in its deserts grow many different cacti. Most are covered with spines – so cacti are protected from animals that they would like to eat. There are poisonous cacti. There are cacti that people eat with great pleasure. The giant Mexican puya (photo show) lives long, longer than man. But it blooms only once – it is covered with hundreds of small flowers (photo display) and dies. Such an amazing plant. And the height is a two-story house. Measure the height of cacti with a ruler. Children using a ruler to measure the length of the cacti.
“Compare the plumage of the Indians” (comparison)
Once upon a time there lived Aztec Indians in Mexico. They were brave warriors, they wore ornaments of bird feathers on their heads, built pyramids, cities. The people ruled the emperor Montezuma. When the king of Spain heard the story of the ruler of such a rich state, he sent a detachment under the command of Cortes. And although the Aztecs friendly and greeted the guests generously, the detachment of Cortes conquered the people of the Aztecs and destroyed their state. Count the feathers in the headgear of the Indians and put the signs “more”, “less” or “equal”.
“Circle the sombrero” (hand preparation for the letter)
Look at what Mexicans look like. A hat with a wide brim – sombrero, short cloak or cape – poncho. Here are these coloring pages depicting Mexicans you can paint at home. (Distribute coloring pages) Circle the sombrero along the dotted lines.
Cucaracha (dynamic pause)
Modern Mexicans are very cheerful and hospitable people. They love big holidays with tasty treats, dancing and fun. In Mexico, almost every day is celebrated some holiday. Now we will hear the comic Mexican folk song “Cucaracha”, which means “cockroach”. Look at the cockroaches and repeat the dance moves. Children dance, repeating movements for cartoon characters.
“What is growing in Mexico” (division into syllables)
A lot of products came to us from Mexico – tomatoes (tomatoes), peanuts, chillies. And chocolate first appeared thanks to the Aztec. One of the most favorite dishes of Mexicans – hot tortillas. Count the number of syllables in the words: lemon, tomato, coffee, onion, avocado, chocolate, pepper, peanuts, beans.
“Mexican money” (sound analysis)
This is how Mexican money looks, and they are called “pesos”. Now let’s make a sound analysis of this word. P – soft consonant sound (green) E – vowel sound (red) C – solid consonant sound (blue) O – vowel sound (red)
“Tarantula – tarantula” (proposal scheme)
And here is a tarantula. These furry spiders are called tarantulas. Why do you think? In addition to insects, tarantulas eat chicks. The Mexican red-legged tarantula is as big as a man’s palm. And, although the seemingly tarantulas are terrible, more than one person has not died from his bite. Although the spider is like an insect, it is not. All spiders are a special class of arachnids and have eight legs, not six, like insects. Unlike other spiders, the tarantula does not weave a web, but lines it into a mink, which it digs out with its teeth. As soon as the web gets prey, the tarantula jumps on top of it and injects poison from its teeth. Spider is very hard to catch. Because with his eight eyes he sees both in front, and on the side, and behind him.
Make a diagram of sentences:
A tarantula has eight legs. The spider is not an insect. The size of the tarantula with the palm of a man.
“Pyramid” (graphic dictation)
Mayan Indians built the pyramids and entire cities. 1 cell to the right, 1 cell up, 1 cell to the right, 1 cell up, 1 cell to the right, 1 cell up, 3 cells to the right, 1 cell down, 1 cell to the right, 1 cell down, 1 cell to the right, 1 cell down, 1 cell to the right.
“Pass the Sonoran Desert” (labyrinth)
There are mountains and plains in Mexico, rivers and waterfalls. Sonoran Desert is one of the largest and hottest deserts. Help the traveler to go through it to the reservoir.
“Who lives in Mexico” (reading)
The wildlife of Mexico is diverse. Raccoons and jaguars live there. A monarch butterfly is flying, a gray whale is swimming in the ocean. Galloping pronghorn. And in Mexico live skunks – black and white animals the size of a cat (photo shown). But, unlike cats, people do not keep skunks in their homes. Yes, and most predators bypass it. In case of danger, the skunk performs a combat dance: having fluffed up the tail, tapping with its paws, approaches the enemy. Most of the animals after such a dance immediately run away. And if the enemy does not leave, then the skunk turns its back on him and releases a fetid stream. This smell is so disgusting that a person can vomit! Well, attacking the skunk beast, and even worse – from the smelly jet, you can go blind and stop breathing for a while. He will not want to attack the skunk again. The only one who is not afraid of the horrible smell of a skunk is a big owl. This bird usually hunts a skunk.
And now we read.
Children read the words on the cards and select the appropriate pictures. CACTUS, INDIANA , Vilorog, Arakhis.
For five-year plans: children read not the word, but the first syllable (KA is cactus, PU is desert, GO is mountain, LI is lemon, PE is pepper, WU is volcano, BA is butterfly, KI is whale, PI is pyramid, PO is tomato, PA – spider, LU – onion.
The most famous dish of Mexican cuisine – tortilla – tortillas made from corn or wheat flour. They are eaten fried or baked, served simply or rolled up and filled with stuffing. Now we make tacos – folded burger in half. Children cut a circle out of paper, fold it in half and paste the “stuffing”.
Our journey to Mexico is over. What did you like most? What new have you learned? What was difficult?
In 1930, the movie rolled in American "Cheater song" (The Rogue Song) about the abduction of a girl in the Caucasus Mountains. Actors Stan Laurel, Lawrence Tibbett and Oliver Hardy played in this film of local crooks. Surprisingly, these actors are very similar to the characters.