Syadeh at Poizd, hi sob їde, mozh at Prague, mozh u at Vden. (Pikkardiyskaya third)
Trains – how much is in this word, especially now, in summer, when the long-awaited vacation time came and something inside pulls somewhere to the south, closer to the sea, beaches and the warm sun. Therefore, it is not at all surprising to observe huge queues at railway ticket offices; people are buying up tickets for trains to the Crimea en masse. Whatever you say, and the train – perhaps the most comfortable way to travel, and certainly the safest. So yes, trains are the safest means of transportation in the world, the number of accidents involving trains is minimal (which cannot be said about motor transport, which, on the contrary, is the most dangerous). And the trains are just a wonderful place to communicate with various interesting random companions, (sometimes there are philosophical debates for life), it’s great to travel by trains in a fun friendly company with which you can have fun, sing songs, play different games, and
So, the first prototypes of the oldest trains appeared at the end of the 15th century and had absolutely no relation to railway transport. In those days, the word “train” was simply understood as a series of interlinked carts, driven by a single force — it could be a horse, or an ox, or some other representative of large (and sometimes horned) cattle. Some ingenious residents of that time used such train trains and for military purposes as fortifications. In particular, our Ukrainian Cossacks liked this very much; they always took several such coupled cart trains with them on military campaigns and, in the event of that, made a fortified camp, a real mobile fortress on wheels.
Occupy seats according to the purchased tickets, broads! It’s just that the cavalry Cossacks didn’t have much, so they had to fight on foot, shooting opponents from firearms. And since the quality of those weapons made us want something better, there was a high probability that the enemy cavalry would be chopped up for cabbage while the Cossack reloaded the musket, so the train carriages became just a saving wand for them, and an integral element of the military tactics of our glorious ancestors. There is even historical evidence of how once 50 Cossacks in such a fortress from wagons successfully repelled an attack of 500 Turkish horsemen.
But back to the trains, this word acquired a new meaning already at the end of the 17th century, it was at this time that the first trolleys appeared, which were an open small carriage designed to carry various goods. Horses were used as a force. Trolleys moved on a special wooden road, in fact it was the prototype of the first railway. Times went ahead and progress did not stand still, the railways improved and now in 1804 the English inventor and engineer Richard Trevtik constructs the first train in the world (already in its modern sense) and locomotive (locomotive means – to budge). The horses breathed a sigh of relief.
That’s how he looked.
Only one passenger car was attached to the first train and they let it in a circle for the entertainment of the noble London public. The train itself was playfully nicknamed “Catch me if you can” – “Catch me if you can.”
But only seven years later, the British realized that trains are cool. And now, since 1811, trains are being actively built and railways are being built. First, only in England, and then the English example is adopted by other countries, and now Grandma Europe is laid with iron rails, on which trains smoke merrily.
Small lyrical digression: In general, the development of trains and railways had a tremendous impact on the development of an entire human civilization, and the railways themselves gradually turned into the blood arteries of human civilization, especially its economy. Even in different strategic computer games (there are economic strategies like Civilization 5), there will be no progress without competent construction of railways.
The ceremonial arrival of the train on the Tsarkoselsky railway, the first in Russia, built in 1837.
Already then, the separation of trains into passenger and freight, in general, the first freight train with a locomotive load appeared in 1820, he took coal from the English mine Hatton to the town of Sunderland. Of course, the trains at that time differed from the present, had a steam engine and smoked so that oh-yo-yo, and were by modern standards turtles, because the maximum speed of the first trains was 40 km maximum. at one o’clock. To move the train into the engine room stove, it was necessary to constantly toss coal. But, of course, such trains were not very useful for ecology, although at that time nature was not as devastated as in our “ultra progressive” times.
During the first world, civil and second world wars, trains again began to be actively used for military purposes; so-called armored trains appeared – steel mastodons were stuffed with all sorts of tools.
Somehow it turns out that many human inventions conceived first for peaceful purposes were then used for all sorts of military pieces.
But already at the beginning of the 20th century, the first electric locomotives appeared with the invention of electricity, the trains moved with the help of the magical power of electric current and were no longer smoking like those locomotives.
The first electric locomotives, photo from the 20s, 20th century.
This is the history of trains that have come a long evolutionary path from carts, through retro smoking trains of the 19th century to such modern beauties.
At the end of a good song from the group “Pikkardiyskaya tertsiya” – “Syadesh have poizd.”