An absolutely necessary explanation for what the reader finds below. Photos of various editions of the book by Alexei Rakitin "Dyatlov Pass. The Mystery of the Death of Sverdlovsk Tourists (.)". Left: first edition of 2013; Center: the second edition of 2014, supplemented, clarified and expanded compared to the 2013 edition. The book cover is soft. Right: 2016 edition, identical in content to the 2014 version, but in hard cover and with dust jacket as a fragment of a map of the Ural Mountains (the dust jacket is not shown). In 2013, 2014 and in February 2016, the publishing house "Cabinet Scientist" released two editions of the book by Alexei Ivanovich Rakitin "Dyatlov Pass. The mystery of the death of Sverdlovsk tourists in February 1959 and atomic espionage in the Soviet Urals". Internet essay below "Death following the trail. " is a truncated version of these books, written back in 2010 and partially supplemented in 2011. The textual volume of the essay is about 2.2 times smaller than the book, in addition there are a large number of photographs and diagrams in the books that are absent in this essay: 1- m edition of illustrations 304, and in the 2nd – 375. Chapters, first included in the edition in 2014 (
Death following the trail. (Attempt to historical-forensic reconstruction of the circumstances of the death of a group of Sverdlovsk tourists in the Northern Urals in February 1959) (Internet version *)
The essay below is subject to the Law of the Russian Federation of July 9, 1993 N 5351-I "On copyright and related rights" (as amended on July 19, 1995, July 20, 2004). Deleting the marks on this page "copyright" (or replacing them with others) when copying these materials and then reproducing them in electronic networks is a gross violation
This story excites the imagination is not the first decade. Books have been written about it, films have been made, thousands of pages of Internet forums and blogs are devoted to it. The authors of more than two dozen versions of varying degrees of insanity and authenticity for decades tried to drive strange and contradictory events into the Procrustean bed of their own logic, cutting off what contradicted it and adding what they thought to add. But the true picture of what happened on February 1, 1959 on the slope of Mount Holatchakhl in the Northern Urals was never established. And install it, apparently, will never succeed.
On January 23, 1959, a group of 10 people left Sverdlovsk who set out to go through the forests and mountains of the Northern Urals by a ski trip of the 3rd (highest) category of difficulty. For 16 days, the participants of the trip
Igor Dyatlov, head of the campaign, whose name is named
Some of the participants of the tourist campaign dedicated to the opening of the 21 Congress of the CPSU: Igor Dyatlov, Semyon Zolotarev, Zina Kolmogorova.
– Krivonischenko George (Yuri) Alekseevich, 1935
Hiking photos found in the cameras of group members. On the left photo (from left to right): Lyudmila Dubinina, Georgy Krivonischenko, Nikolay Tibo-Brignol and Rustem Slobodin. The photo on the right was taken at the same time and practically in the same place (from left to right): Nikolay Tibo, Lyudmila Dubinina, Semyon Zolotarev and Zina Kolmogorova. Thibault gave his felt hat to Zolotarev, the men are fooling around and everyone is clearly in excellent mood. Still alive, fit and healthy.
– Yudin Yuri Efimovich, 1937
Left snapshot: "Do you feel the third is not enough?"- the subtext of the photo leaves no doubt about the wonderful state of mind of Nikolai Tibo-Brignol and Semyon Zolotarev captured on it. Right: all the same recognizable Tibo and failed Luda Dubinina.
However, within the group there was at least one connection based on particular interpersonal sympathies. It’s about a couple "Igor Dyatlov – Zina Kolmogorova". It would not be an exaggeration to say that these young people were united by platonic affection. In itself, this high and beautiful feeling in ordinary surroundings can only be welcomed, but in a situation of extraordinary, stressful, and risky life, it can play a very dangerous role, serving as a kind of detonator of the destruction of one-man command and subordination. In an extreme situation, affection can suddenly and, moreover, have a negative impact on making an important decision, push a person to refuse to carry out a command, or induce a member of the group to take non-optimal (from the point of view of the majority) actions. This should be remembered, especially since in this campaign such extreme situations no doubt arose. So, on January 23, 1959, the group left Sverdlovsk and on the night of January 24 to 25 arrived in the village of Ivdel (approximately 340 km north of the place of departure). On the road, there were two incidents that deserve to be noted here. We are talking about conflict situations with the participation of police officers. In one case, the tourists were not allowed to spend the night in the building of the station in the city of Serov and Yuri Krivonischenko, mocking, began to ask near the closed station doors "alms on candy" (this trick ended for him with a walk to the police station at the station). Another time, a drunken man came to the tourists on the Serov-Ivdel train, who said that they had stolen a bottle of vodka from him and demanded that she return it. With a jerk, of course, no one did not swear, but it only inflamed the drunkard. In the end, the conductor had to hand him over to the police station at the station. For the group members, both incidents did not have any negative consequences, since the travel order notifying that the tourist trip was timed to "red date" (I mean, the opening of the CPSU Congress), eliminated all obstacles and unnecessary questions from officials. In the afternoon of January 26, the group safely left for a ride from Ivdel to the village. 41st quarter, where loggers lived. In fact, it was already the very edge of the inhabited world – then the uninhabited Ural forests, gloomy and inhospitable, began. At about 19: 00-20: 00 the group arrived at the village of 41st quarter without incident, settled down for the night in a dormitory of loggers. The head of the 1 st forest site by the name of Ryazhnev, the local God and the Tsar, generously allocated to tourists a cart with a horse and a chariot, to which the whole group folded their backpacks and, standing on skis, on January 27 made the following transition – to the village of the 2nd Northern mine. This settlement, which was once part of the extensive IvdelLag system, by 1959 was already completely abandoned. There was not a single resident there, and out of 24 houses, only one had a reliable roof and was somehow suitable for permanent residence. In it, the group and spent the night. At this point, it can be noted that the driver who drove the horse was a certain Velikiyavichus, a Lithuanian who was sentenced to 10 years in camps in 1949 and left for settlement in 1956. This character does not play a special role in the narration, but his presence weighty evidence of one very important circumstance: the entire north of the Sverdlovsk region and the Komi ASSR were in those years packed with the institutions of the former Stalinist GULAG. At that time, a very large percentage of the population of the Urals was somehow connected with the once powerful repressive machine – here lived both former camp inmates, and coniferous, and camp attendants. By 1959, the former GULAG system had already largely become decayed and significantly reduced, the frightening abbreviation disappeared as far back as 1956 (then, instead of the GULAG, the Unpronounceable GUITTK, the Main Directorate of Corrective Labor Colonies) appeared, but people did. people stayed! In the context of everything that happened in the future this should be remembered. In the 2nd North, members of the group were attracted by a warehouse of geological samples. At least one exploration core with pyrite, they took with them. During his stay in the village (
These photographs were taken in the morning of January 28, 1959: the girls say goodbye to Yuri Yudin during "Second-North". Characters in the background are easily guessed: Semyon Zolotaryov is on the left photo, Igor Dyatlov is on the right.
Actually, that part of the tourist trip of the Dyatlov group, which